ARTICLES : EUROPEAN COMMISSION - NATIONAL COMPETITION AUTHORITIES - ARTICLES 101 AND 102 TFEU - PROCEDURAL RIGHTS AND GUARANTEES - CHARTER OF FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS - EUROPEAN CONVENTION OF HUMAN RIGHTS

EU antitrust enforcement powers and procedural rights and guarantees : The interplay between EU law, national law, the Charter of fundamental rights of the EU and the ECHR

This paper deals with the powers of the European Commission and the competition authorities of the EU Member States to enforce Articles 101 and 102 TFEU, and with the procedural rights and guarantees that circumscribe or limit these powers. It focuses in particular on the interplay between the different sources of law governing these matters : EU and national legislation, the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU, the European Convention on Human Rights, and the case-law of the EU Courts and the European Court of Human Rights.

I. Enforcement powers 1. Article 101 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TEA) prohibits agreements between undertakings which restrict competition without redeeming virtue. Article 102 TFEU prohibits abuse of a dominant position. [1] Article 103(1) TFEU empowers the EU Council, acting upon a proposal from the European Commission (hereafter also : “the Commission”) and after consulting the European Parliament, [2] to lay down the “appropriate regulations or directives to give effect to the principles set out in Articles 101 and 102”. Article 103(2) TFEU specifies that these regulations or directives “shall be designed in particular : (a) to ensure compliance with the prohibitions laid down in Article 101(1) and in Article 102 by making provision for fines and periodic

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Auteur

  • King’s College (London)

Citation

Wouter Wils, EU antitrust enforcement powers and procedural rights and guarantees : The interplay between EU law, national law, the Charter of fundamental rights of the EU and the ECHR, mai 2011, Concurrences N° 2-2011, Art. N° 35625, pp. 41-54

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