Will a one-size-fits-all digital markets act deliver for consumers ?

La table ronde "Will a one-size-fits-all digital markets act deliver for consumers ?" organisée sous le format et la règle de Chatham House était composée de deux présentations de la part des Professeurs Amelia Fletcher (University of East Anglia) et Martin Peitz (University of Mannheim), suivies d’un débat en direct avec des représentants d’autorité, économistes, avocats et universitaires, et clôturée par une session de questions-réponses. Les présentations, le débat et les questions-réponses ont été modérés par Frédéric Jenny (OECD - Competition Division). Cette seconde table ronde de style Chatham House Rule a été organisée par Concurrences, en partenariat avec Apple, RBB Economics et Skadden.

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Frederic Jenny began by reminding that the EU proposal is mostly about imposing a set of obligations to so-called “gatekeepers”. Gatekeepers are defined mostly based on quantitative criteria, although the Commission retains the alternative power to qualify a company as gatekeeper following a qualitative analysis. With this qualification come positive and negative obligations which would apply to all gatekeepers – non-compliance may be sanctioned with a fine of up to 10 per cent of global turnover. This proposal has opened a lively debate both in Europe and elsewhere.

This debate first revolved around the necessity to complement competition policy, and second around the appropriateness of across-the-board regulation to digital issues. One can also wonder whether the DMA is a departure from competition paradigms in that it does not focus primarily on consumer welfare standards but rather on business practices. The fact that proposed obligations are based on previous cases examined by the Commission is another matter for discussion. The proper articulation of antitrust rules by the Commission and national competition agencies with the DMA should also prove to be an interesting topic.

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  • European Commission (Brussels)
  • Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy (Germany)
  • Apple (Brussels)
  • University of Basilicata (Potenza)
  • RBB Economics (Brussels)
  • Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher & Flom (Brussels)
  • ESSEC Business School (Cergy)
  • University of East Anglia (Norwich)
  • University of Mannheim