Introduction The scope of the present contribution is at the same time relatively narrow – since it focuses on judicial review in cartel cases, and then only on a modest sample of the numerous cases that have arisen in Europe in the last few years  – and relatively broad, since the term ‘judicial review’ is given a liberal construction and is not limited to the scope and intensity of review of infringement decisions. The term in this context includes the blander meaning of ‘appeals’: appellate review of (administrative) decisions establishing cartel-related infringements. As a preliminary matter, it is taken as self-evident that Article 23(5) of Regulation 1/2003 is fallacious, and that competition law proceedings in Europe that raise the spectre of fines for cartel conduct are
Judicial review in cartel cases: An overview of EU and national case law
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