Undertakings with a (seemingly) divided self: Beware* It is commonly accepted that, pursuant to the principle of intragroup immunity, Article 101 TFEU cannot catch agreements or concerted practices between entities that belong to the same undertaking. Article 101 TFEU requires coordination between at least two undertakings: everything that happens within a single undertaking simply cannot be covered by Article 101 TFEU. Yet, for more than 20 years, the French Competition Authority and the French Courts have applied a strange exception to this principle: they consider that when various entities belonging to a single undertaking present themselves as separate entities when participating in the same public procurement procedure, they express their will to act independently, thus
The Paris Court of Appeals holds that the EU principle of intragroup immunity does not apply to coordinated offers made by "seemingly" independent entities (Maquet)
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