The EU Commission fines game consoles manufacturer and seven of its European distributors for colluding to prevent parallel trade (Nintendo)

"Commission fines Nintendo and seven of its European distributors for colluding to prevent parallel trade in Nintendo products"* 1. Introduction The Commission Decision commented here concerns the distribution of Nintendo manufactured game consoles (the NES and SNES static consoles, that were superseded by the N64 console, as well as the portable Game Boy) and game cartridges for these consoles. Apart from being the manufacturer of the products, in certain Member States Nintendo acted as the official exclusive distributor of its products to wholesalers and retailers itself. In other Member States it had appointed independent exclusive distributors. In March 1995, an ex-officio procedure into the video games industry was opened. On the basis of its initial findings, the Commission

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Augustijn Van Haasteren, Miguel Angel Pena Castellot, The EU Commission fines game consoles manufacturer and seven of its European distributors for colluding to prevent parallel trade (Nintendo), 30 octobre 2002, e-Competitions October 2002, Art. N° 38921

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