In its January 2023 Unilever Italia judgment, the European Court of Justice ("ECJ") ruled on two important practical aspects of the application of the EU prohibition on abuse of dominance under Article 102 TFEU. Background In December 2020, the Italian Consiglio di Stato made a request for a preliminary ruling to the ECJ seeking clarification on two points: (i) the criteria for when contractual relationships between formally autonomous and independent economic operators result in the creation of a single economic entity – specifically in the context of producer/distributor relationships; and (ii) to what extent economic evidence provided by the undertaking in a dominant position must be considered by a competition authority in demonstrating that exclusivity clauses can have
The EU Court of Justice issues a decision on the imputation of liability and treatment of exclusivity under the EU prohibition on abuse of dominance (Unilever Italia)
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