Nicole Robins

Oxera (Brussels)
Economist (Partner)

Nicole Robins heads Oxera’s State Aid practice and is the partner in charge of Oxera’s Brussels office. She advises clients on a wide range of economic and financial issues in state aid cases relating to assessments of the market economy operator principle (MEOP), the application of state aid rules for services of general economic interest (SGEI), and the compatibility of aid. She has given expert economic evidence in front of the General Court on state aid matters on a number of occasions. Nicole also teaches the state aid module on the King’s College Economics for Competition Law postgraduate course.

Auteurs associés

European Commission - Legal Service (Brussels)
BPIFrance (Maisons-Alfort)
DS Avocats (Paris)
Oxera (London)
University Carlos III - Department of Economics
Sheppard, Mullin, Richter & Hampton (Brussels)
Cleary Gottlieb Steen & Hamilton (Brussels)


1605 Bulletin

Nicole Robins Tax rulings : An overview of EU state aid cases


It is a pleasure to introduce this special issue of the e-Competitions Bulletin relating to the State aid investigations of corporate tax arrangements. Since June 2013, when the European Commission started a number of investigations of the tax rulings practices of Member States, the tax arrangements of multinationals with subsidiaries or branches in the EU have faced scrutiny by the Commission.

Mohammed Khalil, Nicole Robins The EU Commission publishes its largest-ever negative State aid decision regarding tax arrangements, requiring Ireland to recover €13bn of aid (Apple)


I. Introduction 1. On 30 August 2016, the European Commission announced its largest-ever negative State aid decision requiring Ireland to recover €13bn of aid (plus interest) from Apple as a result of its tax rulings with Ireland . In the year leading up to this announcement, the Commission (...)


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