Hogan Lovells (Munich)

Christian Ritz

Hogan Lovells (Munich)
Lawyer (Partner)

Christian Ritz is partner in the Antitrust, Investigations & Compliance team at Hogan Lovells in Munich. His practice focuses on large scale cartel investigations, antitrust compliance, competition litigation as well as merger control advice. Christian advises clients from different industry sectors with a specific focus on competition related challenges in digital markets, the automotive and mobility sector, the medical devices and pharmaceutical industry as well as with financial institutions. Christian’s work has been recognized by Global Competition Review’s Who’s Who Legal which has named him in 2018 and 2019 as "Future Leader Competition". He has also been recognized as "Rising Star" Competition and Antitrust Germany by ExpertGuides 2018. Christian undertook his legal education at the University of Bonn and the Paris-Sud University, France. He obtained a Master of Laws degree (LL.M.) from the University of Sydney, Australia. Christian speaks and publishes regularly on antitrust and competition law matters with a specific focus on cartel investigations and antitrust compliance in digital markets.


Auteurs associés

Hogan Lovells (Brussels)
Hogan Lovells (Washington)
Hogan Lovells (Munich)
Hogan Lovells (Berlin)
Hogan Lovells (Beijing)


7016 Bulletin

Christian Ritz, Hubertus Weber The German Parliament enters into force its 10th amendment to the act against restraints of competition bringing significant adjustments regarding advancing digitalization, changes in merger control, as well as data access claims


On January 19, 2021, the amendment of the German Act against Restraints of Competition ("ARC") has entered into force. In addition to the significant adjustments to the ARC regarding advancing digitalization, changes in merger control as well as data access claims, to pick out just a few of the (...)

Carolin Marx, Christian Ritz, Elena Wiese The Regional Court of Dortmund estimates a cartel overcharge of at least 15% in the rail sector without involving any court-appointed economic experts


1. Introduction Determining the overcharge and, with that, the amount of cartel damages potentially suffered, is considered one of the most difficult aspects of cartel damages litigation in practice. The District Court of Dortmund (the “District Court”), known for its bold and innovative case (...)

Christian Ritz, Johanna Brock-Wenzek The EU Court of Justice emphasises the need for a case and context-specific evaluation of ’by object’ restrictions and provides guidance on what sort of evidence is relevant, in a multilateral interchange fee credit card transaction (Budapest Bank)


I. Introduction On 2 April 2020, the Court of Justice of the European Union ("CJEU") delivered its judgment in Budapest Bank, another key ruling on the assessment of 'by object' restrictions of competition within the meaning of Article 101(1) TFEU. With this judgment, the (...)

Christian Ritz, Eric Paroche, Victor Levy, Myrto Tagara, Alexandra Bray The German and French Competition Authorities find a need for higher compliance standards in their joint study on the competition risks resulting from the use of algorithms


This article has been nominated for the 2020 Antitrust Writing Awards. Click here to learn more about the Antitrust Writing Awards. Digital ubiquity, and the resulting rules, do not only concern tech giants. To the contrary, digital regulation is relevant for companies in all market sectors (...)

Christian Ritz, Mariya Serafimova The EU Court of Justice holds that suppliers of luxury goods may under certain conditions restrict authorised retailers in a selective distribution system not to sell their goods via third-party online platforms to preserve their products’ ‘luxury image’ (Coty Germany)


I. Introduction On 6 December 2017, the European Court of Justice (ECJ) handed down its long-awaited judgment on the permissibility of restrictions by suppliers of luxury goods to sell their products via third-party online platforms under Article 101 (1) TFEU. The question has been subject to (...)

Christian Ritz, Falk Schöning The German Competition Authority publishes a paper on "Big Data and Competition" as Big Data and digital markets remain in the focus of EU competition authorities


I. Introduction On 6 October, the German Federal Cartel Office (’FCO’) launched its new series of papers on ’Competition and Consumer Protection in the Digital Economy’. The first paper deals with ’Big Data and Competition’. The same day, a ’real-life example’ of competition enforcement in Big Data (...)

Christian Ritz, Carolin Marx The Regional Court of Dortmund holds that standard arbitration agreements apply to cartel damages actions if and when the alleged conduct coincides with a breach of contract deviating from the EU Court of Justice foreseeability theory established for jurisdiction clauses (C. / N.)


1. Introduction The question of whether cartel damages claims can be tried in arbitration under so-called ’standard’ arbitration agreements – meaning not explicitly referencing tortious or even specifically antitrust damages claims – has recently been the subject of much debate. Regarding (...)

Christian Ritz, Christoph Wunschmann, Falk Schöning The German Parliament adopts a new amendment to the Act Against Restraints of Competition in order to adapt its competition law to the digital economy


On 9 June 2017, the 9th amendment of the German Act Against Restraints of Competition (ARC) entered into effect introducing important amendments for companies to German competition law. The reform deals with two main issues : the implementation of the European Cartel Damages Actions Directive (...)

Christian Ritz, Gianni de Stefano The German Regional Court of Berlin refers the extradition of an Italian citizen from Germany to the United States for cartel charges to the EU Court of Justice to rule on whether Member State extradition can violate the principle of non-discrimination under EU law (Romano Pisciotti)


On 18 March 2016, the Regional Court of Berlin (RC Berlin) in Romano Pisciotti v. Federal Republic of Germany referred four questions to the European Court of Justice to seek guidance on whether Mr Pisciotti could argue that he had suffered discrimination and claim compensation from the German (...)

Christian Ritz, Mariya Serafimova The Frankfurt Higher Regional Court holds that manufacturers of branded goods are entitled to prohibit authorised retailers in selective distribution agreements from distributing their goods via third-party online platforms (Markenrucksäcke / Branded Backpacks)


I. The Facts The parties argue in a civil law proceeding whether a manufacturer could make the supply of goods to an authorised distributor in a selective distribution system subject to a contractual obligation not to resell goods via online sales platforms such as Amazon and advertise them via (...)

Christian Ritz, Ilka Mauelshagen The Higher Regional Court Düsseldorf dismisses transferred follow-on damages claims because of the shift of the risk of litigation costs (Cartel Damages Claims)


I. The Facts The judgment by the Higher Regional Court Düsseldorf (HRC Düsseldorf) put an end to 10 years of on-going legal dispute that started after the German Federal Cartel Office (FCO) disclosed various regional quota cartels, operating for a number of years until 2002, in the German cement (...)

Christian Ritz, Ilka Mauelshagen The German Competition Authority holds that the managing director of a steel producer cannot be held liable for fines imposed on the company by the Federal Cartel Office (ThyssenKrupp)


I. The Facts In 2012 and 2013 the German Federal Cartel Office (FCO) imposed heavy fines on numerous companies and individuals for participating in a cartel in the rail industry. Among the companies fined were subsidiaries of the large German steel-producing group, ThyssenKrupp, which had to (...)

Christian Ritz, Ilka Mauelshagen The Higher Regional Court of Munich holds that the arbitration clause used by the International Skating Union referring all challenges to the Court of Arbitration of Sport was in breach of competition law (Pechstein)


I. The Facts In 2009 Ms. Claudia Pechstein, a successful German speed skater, was banned by the International Skating Union (ISU) from all skating competitions for two years. Ms. Pechstein had tested positive in a doping control that was held during the ISU skating world cup in Norway. The (...)

Christian Ritz, Ilka Mauelshagen The German Federal Court of Justice upholds the judgement of the Higher Regional Court of Düsseldorf dismissing an administrative fine in an anti-competitive arrangements due to corporate restructuring (Maxit)


I. The Facts In 2009, the German Federal Cartel Office (FCO) imposed fines on several companies in the mortar sector (FCO, 24 March 2009, B 1-40/06-U 21). The companies were accused of having participated in anti-competitive agreements on set-up fees for dry mortar silos. Among the companies (...)

Christian Ritz, Ilka Mauelshagen The German Federal Court of Justice applies a case-by-case analysis in order to decide on the internal liability between joint and several debtors of a fine imposed by the European Commission (Calcium Carbide)


I. The Facts The claimant seeks reimbursement from the two defendants for a fine imposed by the European Commission on all three companies for allegedly infringing European competition law rules. In 2009, the European Commission fined several suppliers of calcium carbide and magnesium (...)

Christian Ritz The German Federal Constitutional Court regards the disclosure of leniency applicants’ documents as not violating fundamental constitutional rights in the cartel damages proceedings (Aufzugskartell)


I. The Facts Following the European Commission’s decision to impose fines against a group of lift and escalator manufacturers for violating EU antitrust rules in February 2007 (COMP/38.823), several building contractors initiated civil damages claims before the Regional Court of Berlin at the (...)

Christian Ritz, Frank Röhling The Federal Court of Justice of Germany clarifies that ‘legal impossibility’ can be used as a justification for denying potential competitor access to essential facilities and provides guidance on the respective burden of proof (Ferry Port Puttgarden II)


I. The Facts Scandlines Deutschland GmbH (Scandlines) is the owner of the Puttgarden/Fehmarn ferry port in Germany and the sole provider of ferry services between Puttgarden and Rødby/Lolland in Denmark. Two Norwegian shipping companies sought access to the ferry port in Puttgarden in order to (...)

Christian Ritz, Frank Röhling The Higher Regional Court of Düsseldorf modifies calculation of fines for cartels and significantly lowers fines imposed by the German Federal Cartel Office (Silostellgebühren I)


I. The Facts In two proceedings in 2009 and 2010 the German Federal Cartel Office (FCO) imposed total fines of about € 53,1 million (€ 39,69 million in 2009, and € 13,36 million in 2010) on several undertakings and individuals operating in the dry mortar sector. The judgement at hand concerns the (...)

8731 Revue

Frédéric Jenny, Christian Ahlborn, Jeremy Bacharach, Christoph Barth, Christian Bovet, Marcel Boyer, Jacques Buhart, Maria Pilar Canedo Arrillaga, Michèle Carpagnano, Daniel Crane, Aymeric de Moncuit, Valentine Delaloye, Jacques Derenne, David-Julien dos Santos Goncalves, David Gabathuler, Mark Griffiths, Leigh Hancher, David Henry, Pierre Horna, David Kupka, Siún O’Keeffe, Christian Ritz, Giulio Cesare Rizza, Matthias Schlau, Mario Siragusa, Anastasia Usova, Faustine Viala, Masako Wakui Competition law and health crisis


Le choc inattendu provoqué par la crise du Covid-19 et les mesures prises pour limiter la propagation de la pandémie ont affecté le fonctionnement de nombreux marchés. Partout dans le monde, les autorités de la concurrence qui, au cours de la dernière décennie, avaient appliqué leurs lois dans le (...)

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