For the first time, EU and national competition authorities over the last few years have expanded their scrutiny to the financial sector as a whole (banks, financial markets, insurance). All areas of financial services appear to be on their radar, as exemplified by investigations looking into syndicated loans, credit cards, benchmarks (such as LIBOR), commission rates in asset management and coinsurance. As this article will explain, all kinds of agreements and practices have been investigated and penalised by competition authorities in Europe over the past few years. Competition authorities have certainly not shied away from assessing sophisticated types of financial operation or scheme. They have also examined the market conduct of investment banks (with cases involving rate and index manipulation and suspicions of possible collusions on sovereign bonds negotiations) as well as issues surrounding access to the Financial Technologies (“FinTech”) market. Competition authorities have also been concerned by banks’ and payment systems’ attempts to obstruct access to these markets by new players on the market.