*This article is an automatic translation of the original article, provided here for your convenience. Read the original article. Antitrust law is an ex post law. For the enforcement authorities, this means that their intervention takes place after the implementation of illegal practices. For companies, this means that before implementing a particular practice, it is up to them to assess it themselves in the light of the competition rules. Thus, since Regulation 1/2003, companies no longer have to notify their practice ex ante to obtain an exemption. The conditions for exemption are now examined ex post. The Commission has published a number of hard law documents (exemption regulations) and soft law documents (guidelines), which are intended to
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