*This article is an automatic translation of the original article, provided here for your convenience. Read the original article. I. Definition of state aid and state aid control in Europe 1. Jérôme Philippe: State aid is governed by the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). The general principle is that they are incompatible with the treaty as soon as they threaten to distort competition. State aid is characterized by four points: (i) it has a state origin (imputability to the state, and state resources); (ii) it confers an economic advantage; (iii) it is selective (a general measure will not a priori be considered state aid); (iv) it alters trade and competition. 2. However, a number of state aid measures may be compatible with the Treaty: (i) aid to regions; (ii)
During the Nasse seminar organized on February 18, 2022, Jérôme Philippe (Lawyer, Freshfield Paris)- and Marc Isabelle Marc Isabelle (Economist, European economics) discussed the topic "State aid in the age of Covid". The session was moderated by Albane Sauveplane (Head of the "Competition, Digital and Housing Economy" office of the DG Treasury).
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