This text is the written version of a presentation limited to the competition policy made at the Paris colloquium of November 2010 on the "Energy Policy of the European Union". The purpose of the article is to study the action of the Commission and NCA, including the opening to competition in line with the EU directives. Beyond the technical issues, the application of competition rules in energy sector is indicative of two series of tensions: first between sectoral and competition regulation; second between EU and Member States competences.
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1. Energy is probably one of the sectors where the link between the principle of free movement and the principle of competition is closest . It is all the closer because, unlike electronic communications, where the process of opening up to competition is practically complete, we are still in an intermediate phase of market construction. The Commission itself claims this link, since it was following the energy sector inquiry, the results of which were presented in January 2007 , that it decided to adopt a dual strategy: proposing a series of measures to improve the regulatory framework - the so-called third package - using all the tools of competition law