The prior control of the granting of State aid by an independent and supranational authority, the European Commission, constitutes the essential cornerstone of the creation of the internal market. However, State aid procedural rules have privileged Member States, whilst third parties, primarily interested parties (beneficiaries, competitors, complainants, investors), are not involved or in a manner entirely insufficient. This Dossier makes a bitter but objective observation of this unacceptable situation, while sometimes suggesting pragmatic solutions, in the form of case-law, regulations and legislation, without amending the treaties.
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