1. This study’s primary objective is to analyse how national courts in Europe have assessed cartel overcharges. In addition, it also provides figures on the development of cartel damages actions in Europe (how many cases were judged, in which countries, with which outcomes, etc.). It was completed with the help of lawyers, law professors, economists, national competition authorities and national judges from 30 European countries. Judgments in cartel damages actions have been systematically identified, compiled, translated and analysed. This article is presenting the results of this research. 2. Section I describes the methodology followed. Section II provides general figures on the cases gathered. Section III analyses the award of damages and the reasons for dismissals. Section IV
In its fourth edition, this study shows that national courts in Europe have handed down judgments in at least 239 cartel damages actions. These cases come from 13 countries, and they relate to more than 63 cartels. In these judgments, courts have given many insights on how to assess cartel overcharges.
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