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This collective work brings together the proceedings of a symposium held in the Sorbonne on 2 October 2015 on the reform of the regulated professions and, more specifically, on Act No. 2015-990 of 6 August 2015 on growth, activity and equal economic opportunities, better known as the "Macron Act".
As Martine Behar-Touchais sums up in her introductory report, most of the contributions can be summed up in the following common observation: "opening up a regulated sector to competition is a difficult art". In fact, certain resistance and obstacles that can be described, albeit in a caricatural way, as corporatist, make the task difficult, as illustrated by the parliamentary path of the law (Jean-Pierre Camby) and the professional demands made by the contributions devoted in particular to notaries (Nicolas Laurent-Bonne), taxi and coach drivers (Pierre Bourdon), commercial court clerks (Jean-David Dreyfus) and, more generally, the legal professions (Camille Chaserant, Frédéric Marty, Gilbert Parleani).
But other questions can also be asked through a less national and less self-centred prism: does the "Macron law" respect fundamental rights and freedoms (Thomas Pez) and, more generally, Union law (Jean Sirinelli)? While the answers to these questions are nuanced, it should be noted that they often arise in similar terms in other Member States of the Union, at least those analysed in the book, such as Greece (Vassiliki Kapsali), Italy (Giuseppe Di Gaspare) and the United Kingdom of Great Britain (John McEldowney).
In any case, it seems that, in summary, the "Macron law" is presented as a "competitive spur" (Jean Sirinelli) which makes it possible to draw the outlines of a new model of regulation to promote both access to the market for young professionals and to establish an external framework for tariffs. It remains to be attentive to its implementation, in compliance with both the letter and the spirit of the law...