Competition journals: July - Sept. 2016

This section of the review Concurrences selects articles and working papers on themes related to competition laws and economics, mainly, but not only, in the English and French languages. This compilation does not attempt to be exhaustive but rather a survey on themes important in the area. The survey usually covers publications over the last three months after release of the latest issue of Concurrences. Articles and working papers published on the Internet only are also welcome. Authors, editors and publishers are welcome to send their papers to : for review in this section.

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1. General - Scope of application

Local markets and calculation of market shares > A. Charpin (RLC 2016/53, No 3033, p. 49)

The national court may exceptionally provisionally maintain in force provisions contrary to European law > (AJDA, Sept. 2016, no. 28, p. 1541)

Diagnosing Foreclosure due to Exclusive Dealing > J. Asker (Journal of Industrial Economics, 64, 3, pp. 375-410)

Does Exclusive Dealing Matter ? Evidence from Distribution Contract Changes in the US Beer Industry > C.-W. Chen and S. Shieh (Journal of Industrial Economics, 64, 3, pp. 411-435)

Foreclosing Competition Through High Access Charges and Price Discrimination > Á.L. López and P. Rey (Journal of Industrial Economics, 64, 3, pp. 436-465)

TV Wars: Exclusive Content and Platform Competition in Pay TV > H. Weeds (Economic Journal, 126, 594, p. 1600-1633)

2015 Review of the Activity of the Council of State and the Administrative Jurisdiction > (Administrative Law, July 2016, No. 7, previous day 81)

Antitrust and Regulating Big Data > D. D. Sokol, R. E. Comerford, University of Florida Levin College of Law - Legal Studies Research Paper Series Paper No. 16-40 (

Intellectual Property, Antitrust, and the Rule of Law: Between Private Power and State Power > A. Katz, Univeristy of Toronto - Faculty of Law (

How Much of Health Care Antitrust is Really Antitrust? > S. W. Waller, Loyola University of Chicago, School of Law - Institute for Consumer Antitrust Studies (

Big Data, Price Discrimination, and Antitrust > R. Woodcock, Georgia State University - Risk Management & Insurance Department (

Understanding Online Markets and Antitrust Analysis > D. D. Sokol, J. Ma, Northwestern Journal of Technology and Intellectual Property (

Territoriality Isn’t Over > R. O’Donoghue, (CPI Antitrust Chronicle, Summer 2016, Vol. 1 n°1)

Coherence in the Application of Articles 101 and 102: A Realistic Prospect or an Elusive Goal? > L. Peeperkorn (World Competition Law, Vol. 39 Issue 3, pp.389-411)

Activity of the courts of the European Union in competition law (February 2016) > P. Arhel (Petites affiches, 13-14 Sept. 2016, n° 183-184 p. 15)

Activity of the Paris Court of Appeal in the field of anti-competitive practices (October 2015 - April 2016) > P. Arhel (Petites affiches, 8 Jul. 2016, n° 136, p. 13)

Activity of the Court of Cassation and the Conseil d’État in competition law (January to May 2016) > P. Arhel (Petites affiches, 8-9 Sept. 2016, No. 180-181, p. 9)

Activity of the Competition Authority in 2015 > P. Arhel (Petites affiches, 3 August 2016, No. 154, p. 7)

Chronique Concurrence > L. Idot (Europe, Sept. 2016, n° 8-9, comm. 293 to 297 and 314 to 317)

Competition Chronicle > D. Bosco and G. Decocq (Contracts, conc., consum. August 2016, no. 8-9, comm. 195 to 198)

Current events of the European Convention on Human Rights (January-July 2016) > L. Burgogue-Larsen (AJDA, Sept.2016, n°31 p. 1738)

Chronicle of ECJ case law January-July 2016) > E. Broussy, H. Cassagnabere, C. Ganser, (AJDA, Sept.2016, n°30, p. 1681)

2. Agreements

2.1. General

Public Distancing and Liability in Cartel Cases: Does Distance Lend Enchantment? > M. Abenhaim (World Competition Law, Vol. 39 Issue 3, pp. 413-429)

2.2. Distribution

Recent regulatory and case law developments concerning the most-favoured-customer clause or parity clause > M. Marcinkowski (AJ Contrats d’affaires, n° 8-9, August-September 2016, p. 378)

Selective Retailing News (Feature) > A.-C. Martin, A. Riéra, M. Thill-Tayara, R. Maulin and C. Vilmart (AJ Contrats d’affaires, no. 8-9, August-Sept. 2016, p. 361)

Chronicle Distribution and competitor protection > M. Malaurie-Vignal and N. Mathey (Contracts, conc., consom. August 2016, no. 8-9, comm. 186 to 194)

3. Abuse of dominance

Android and Competition Law: Exploring and Assessing Google’s Practices in Mobile > B. G. Edelman, D. Geradin, Harvard Business School NOM Unit Working Paper No. 17-018 (

Loyalty discounts, exclusive dealing and bundling; rule of reason, quasi-per-se, price-cost test, or something in between? > A. Eilat, D. Gilo, and G. Sagi (Journal of Antitrust Enforcement, October 2016, Volume 4 Issue 2, pp. 345-380)

Rebates: Formalism, Effects and the Real World > L. Vitzilaiou (CPI Antitrust Chronicle, Summer 2016, Vol. 1 n°2)

Comparing Microsoft and Google: The Concept of Exclusionary Abuse > J. T. Lang, (World Competition Law, Vol. 39 Issue 1, pp. 5-28)

The Fall and Rise of the Antitrust Class Action > S. W. Waller (World Competition Law, Vol. 39 Issue 1, pp. 29-55)

Re-Pricing through Disruption in Oligopolies with Tacit Collusion; A Framework for Abuse of Collective Dominance > N. Petit (World Competition Law, Vol. 39 Issue 1, pp. 119-138)

4. Restrictive practices

Restrictive practices of competition: state of play before the 2017 trade negotiations (File) > J.-C. Grall, C. Bellone, T. Buissonière, N. Kouchnir-Cargill and É. Camilleri (RLC 2016/53, No. 3029 to 3032, pp. 24-48)

Abrupt termination of a commercial relationship: jurisdiction of the courts seized > A. Welcome (JCP ed. E, No. 36, 8 Sept. 2016, 1464)

Significant Imbalance and abrupt rupture: new forms of dependence > S. Le Gac-Pech (JCP éd. E, n° 37, Sept. 15, 2016, 1474)

New remedies for contractual imbalance in the reform of the Civil Code > S. Le Gac-Pech (Petites affiches, 15-16 August 2016, n° 162-163, p. 14)

5. Concentrations

Chronicle Merger Law - Audiovisual Sector > D. Bosco and C. Prieto (Contracts, conc., consom. Aug. 2016, n° 8-9, Chron. 4)

Incomplete analysis by the Competition Authority on a merger > (AJDA, No 26, July 2016, p. 1426)

Upstream merger in a successive oligopoly: Who pays the price? > Ø.A. Nilsen, L. Sørgard and S.A. Ulsaker (International Journal of Industrial Economics, 48, pp. 143-172)

6. State aid

State aid - Or how qualification precedes the analysis of effects > D. Berlin (JCP éd. G, n° 30-35, 25 Jul. 2016, 892)

State aid - Compatibility of aid and economic analysis > (Europe, August 2016, No 8-9, p.297)

State aid - Aid for renewable energy and state resources > (Europe, July 2016, No 7, p.244)

State aid - State guarantee and status of EPICs > (Europe, July 2016, n° 7, p.244)

State aid: taking into account the reserves of Brussels > (AJDA, Sept.2016, n°28, p.1550)

Energy saving certificates do not constitute State aid > (Administrative Law, July 2016, No. 7, p. 47) Y. SIMONNET (Energy - Environment - Infrastructure No. 8-9, August 2016, comm. 62) In this article, the author comments on the Conseil d’État judgment of 9 March 2016, No. 375467 on the classification of the French energy saving certificate scheme (ANODE) as a State aid scheme. Making a clear distinction with the position of the CJEU in a Dutch case (CJEU, 8 Sept. 2011, aff. No. C-279/08 P, Commission v. Kingdom of the Netherlands), which had held that mechanisms in which a State grants free of charge tradable emission or pollution permits (which are intangible assets representing a market value) when it could have sold them or put them up for auction may constitute State aid, the author explains how the French scheme is not the allocation of a right but only the proof of an action and therefore why it does not constitute State aid. Indeed, "even if this permit is issued free of charge, there is no loss of revenue for the State since it does not create a ’right’ that third parties can negotiate, but merely allows the valuation of energy saving actions actually carried out by operators" (E. Bokdam-Tognetti concludes on the commented decision).

7. Public sector and competition

Electricity pricing, competition and legal certainty > H. Rabault (Petites affiches, 6-7 Sept. 2016, No. 178-179, p. 14)

The Digital Republic or the open data sector > (AJDA, No. 28, 25 July 2016, p. 1481) The bill for a Digital Republic was adopted on 29 September 2015. It aims in particular to make data, including source codes, generally available, especially to private persons in charge of public service missions.

Les entretiens du Conseil d’État en droit public économique > (Energy - Environment - Infrastructure, August 2016, n° 8-9, p. 18)

Directorate of Legal Affairs (DAJ) - Fact sheet: Exclusions from Article 14 of the Ordinance on Public Procurement applicable to contracting authorities > (Contracts and Public Procurement, August 2016, No. 8-9, p. 35)

Application of public procurement law to private persons > H. Rabault (AJDA, 4 Jul. 2016, no. 24, p. 1321)

8. Procedures

8.1. General

The delicate handling of the notion of economic unit: a brief review of the implementation of the notion by the French and European Union courts > M. Dumarçay (RLC 2016/53, n° 3028, p. 19)

Business Secrecy and Anti-Competitive Cartel Law > G. Decocq and A.-L.-H. des Ylouses (JCP éd. E, n° 35, Sept. 1, 2016, 1456)

What is a preliminary question? > G. Casu (Proceedings, No 8-9, August 2016, Study 8)

The General Court’s Rulings in Airfreight: A Commentary > J. Robinson (CPI Antitrust Chronicle, Summer 2016, Vol. 1 n° 2)

Interim Relief And Protection Of Confidential Information in EU Cartel Decisions; A New Love Story? > K. Fountoukakos, and C. Puech-Baron (CPI Antitrust Chronicle, Summer 2016, Vol. 1 No. 1)

8.2. Sanction Policy - Clemency - Settlement -

"L. Arcelin (Actualité juridique contrats d’affaires, July 2016, n° 7, p. 338) > L. Arcelin (Actualité juridique contrats d’affaires, July 2016, n° 7, p. 338)

About the transaction on the transaction > A. Apel (RLC 2016/53, No. 3034, p. 55)

The Use of Leniency in EU Cartel Enforcement: An Assessment After Twenty Years > W. P.J. Wils (World Competition Law, Vol. 39 Issue 3, pp. 327-388)

Calculating the Cartel Fine: A Question of Jurisdiction or a Question of Economic Importance? > P. Bentley QC, David Henry (World Competition Law, Vol. 39. Issue 3, pp. 479-512)

8.3. Actions for damages

A Turning Of The Tide; Victim Redress Through Private Antitrust Litigation > K. E. Garvey (CPI Antitrust Chronicle, Summer 2016, Vol. 1 No. 1)

9. Regulations

Is the reform of the mining code buried? > O. Renaudie and Y. Gunzburger (AJDA, No. 28, 25 July 2016, p. 1473)

Regulatory authorities - request for repeal of a soft law act > (Administrative Law, August - September 2016, No. 8-9, alert 103)

Failure to comply with a formal notice from ARCEP > (AJDA, September 2016, n°29, p.1614)

State intervention may be justified in the setting of natural gas supply prices > (AJDA, September 2016, No 29, p. 1600)

First concrete effects of the new action for annulment of soft law acts > P. Idoux (Droit Administratif, août - septembre 2016, n° 8-9, comm. 48) Commentary on the EC judgment, section, 13 July 2016, No. 388150, Sté GDF Suez: JurisData No. 2016-013783: for the first time a soft law act - in this case a communication from the Energy Regulatory Commission - is declared illegal and its repeal by a regulatory authority, made inevitable, in application of the recent assembly judgments handed down on 21 March 2016 by the Council of State. The EC accepted the possibility of requesting the repeal of a soft law act from the regulatory authority which adopted it, then to refer the matter to the court in the event of refusal, and notes that the posting of a soft law act on the authority’s website means that the time limit for appeal against it starts to run for professionals in the sector.

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Alain Ronzano, Christelle Adjémian, Mathilde Brabant, Bastien Thomas, Emmanuel Frot, Competition journals: July - Sept. 2016, November 2016, Concurrences Nº 4-2016, Art. N° 81855, pp. 256-258

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