Competition journals: July - Sept. 2015

This section of the review Concurrences selects articles and working papers on themes related to competition laws and economics, mainly, but not only, in the English and French languages. This compilation does not attempt to be exhaustive but rather a survey on themes important in the area. The survey usually covers publications over the last three months after release of the latest issue of Concurrences. Articles and working papers published on the Internet only are also welcome. Authors, editors and publishers are welcome to send their papers to for review in this section.

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1. General - Scope of application

Towards regulation of internet platforms > A. Strowel (EDJ, No. 220, June 2015, p. 225)
See also, L’économie digitale confrontée au droit de la concurrence, N. Lenoir (JCP éd. E, n° 37, Sept. 10, 2015, 679, Échos de la pratique, p. 5).

Law for Growth and Activity (Macron Law): between large and small measures, detailed review(s) > (BRDA, No. 15-16/2015, 31 August 2015, p. 11)
See also, New developments in the distribution sector (Articles 31 to 34), M.-E. Pancrazi (JCP ed. E, No 37, 10 Sept. 2015, 1405, p. 24); New powers for the Competition Authority (Articles 35 to 39), D. Bosco (JCP ed. E, No 37, 10 Sept. 2015, 1406, p. 26); Adjustments to competition procedures (Articles 215 to 218), D. Bosco (JCP éd. E, n° 37, 10 Sept. 2015, 1417, p. 55); Le droit de la concurrence et de la distribution après la loi Macron, Entretien avec Louis Vogel (AJ contrats d’affaires, n° 8-9, août-sept. 2015, p. 392)

Pricing practices and competition law > File with contributions by R. Amaro, I. Luc, O. Sautel, A. Munoz, F. Viala and L. Benzoni (AJ contrats d’affaires, No. 7, July 2015, p. 295).

Freedom of movement for VTCs severely restricted by law and the Constitutional Council > M. Malaurie-Vignal (Contracts, conc., consom. août-sept. 2015, No. 8-9, Repère 8, p. 1)

Innovation, competition, transparency... a delicate balance to be found > L. Idot (Europe, July 2015, No. 7, Focus 24, p. 3).

Activity of the European Union courts in competition law (January 2015) (February 2015) (March 2015) (April 2015) > P. Arhel (Petites affiches, 20 Jul. 2015, No. 143, p. 7); (Petites affiches, 24 Jul. 2015, No. 147, p. 7); (Petites affiches, 10 Aug. 2015, No. 158, p. 4); (Petites affiches, 14 Sept. 2015, No. 183, p. 7)

Activity of the Paris Court of Appeal in the field of anti-competitive practices (March to May 2015) > P. Arhel (Petites affiches, 3 Jul. 2015, No. 132, p. 10)

Competition Chronicle > L. Idot (Europe, July 2015, No. 7, comm. 267-272, p. 20).

Competition Chronicle > D. Bosco and G. Decocq (Contracts, conc., consum. Jul. 2015, no. 7, comm. 178-183; August-Sept. 2015, no. 8-9, comm. 208-211, p. 38)

Competition Chronicle > E. Claudel (RTD com. Apr-June 2015, No. 2, p. 251)

Competition Law Chronicle > M. Behar-Touchais and C. Prieto (Revue des Contrats, Sept. 2015, No. 3/2015, pp. 563-569)

Competition Law Chronicle > G. Decocq (RJ com., May-June 2015, No. 3 p. 326)

Economic Law Chronicle > C. Mathonnière and M. Baillat-Devers (RLDA 2015/106, July-August 2015, No. S 5665 to 5666, p. 32)

Competition Chronicle > (RJDA, No. 7/2015, July 2015, Nos. 530-532, p. 539).

Another Take on the Relevant Welfare Standard for Antitrust J. M. Jacobson (The Antitrust Source, August 2015, p. 1)

2. Agreements

2.1. General

Object Restrictions and Twosided Markets in EU Competition Law after Cartes Bancaires > R. Nazzini and A. Nikpay (Competition Policy International, Vol. 10, No. 2, Autumn 2014)

Reverse Payment Patent Settlements in the European Union and the United States > D. Geradin, D. Ginsburg and G Safty (George Mason University Legal Studies Research Paper Series, September 2015,

The Role of Market Transparency in Assessing MFN Clauses > I. Vandenborre and M. J. Frese (World Competition, Volume 38, Issue 3, p. 333)

Penalizing cartels: The case for basing penalties on price overcharge > Y. Katsulako, E. Motchenkova and D. Ulph (International Journal of Industrial Organization, 42, pp. 57-69)

The discontent cartel member and cartel collapse: The case of the German cement cartel > J.E. Harrington Jr., K. Hüschelrath, U. Laitenberger and F. Smuda (International Journal of Industrial Organization, 42, pp. 106-119)

How Much Do Cartel Overcharge? > M. Boyer and R. Kotchoni (Review of Industrial Organization, 47, 2, pp. 119-153)

Antitrust Leniency with Multiproduct Colluders > L.M. Marx, C. Mezzeti and R.C. Marshall (American Economic Journal: Microeconomics, 7, 3, pp. 205-240).

2.2. Distribution

Hotel booking via the Internet: the same clauses do not produce the same effects depending on the angle of appreciation. > V. Sélinsky (RLC 2015/44, No. 2794, p. 28)

Chronicle Distribution and competitor protection > M. Malaurie-Vignal and N. Mathey (Contracts, conc., consom. Jul. 2015, no. 7, comm. 168-177; Aug.-Sep. 2015, no. 8-9, comm. 199-207, p. 30)

Why the discriminatory application of criteria in selective distribution systems is block exempted under Regulation 330/2010 > A. Eberhardt (European Competition Journal, Vol. 11 Issue 1, p. 168)

Vertical Restraints on E-Commerce and Selective Distribution > P. Bucirossi (Journal of Competition Law & Economics, 11, 3, pp. 747-773)

3. Abuse of dominance

The structural injunction without fault or over-regulation > M. Behar-Touchais (Revue des Contrats, Sept. 2015, No. 3/2015, p. 536)

The Implications of the Court of Justice’s Huawei/ZTE Judgment > N. Banasevic (Journal of European Competition Law & Practice (2015) Vol. 6, Issue 7, p. 463)

Intel, leveraging rebates and the goals of Article 102 TFEU > N. Petit (European Competition Journal, Volume 11, Issue 1, p. 26)

Loyalty rebates after Intel: time for the European Court of Justice to overrule Hoffman-La Roche > D. Géradin (Journal of Competition Law & Economics, Vol. 11, Issue 3, p. 579)

An Economic Approach towards Fine Value Optimization for Antimonopoly Violations > S. Petrov and A. Shmakov (Journal of Competition Law & Economics, Vol. 11, Issue 3, pp. 775-790)

4. Restrictive practices

First decisions of the Court of Cassation on significant imbalance > M. Behar-Touchais (Revue des Contrats, Sept. 2015, No. 3/2015, p. 523)

The civil fine before Parliament or the blind vote! > M. Behar-Touchais (Revue des Contrats, Sept. 2015, n° 3/2015, p. 535)

Should we be afraid of significant imbalance? > M. Malaurie-Vignal (Contracts, conc., consom. Jul. 2015, n° 7, Study 9)

Significant Imbalance and Tariff Parity Clause: condemnation of Expedia > J.-C. Grall and G. Mallen (RLC 2015/44, No. 2814, p. 48).

The abrupt termination of established commercial relations P. Buisson and P. Delannay (JCP éd. E, n° 30, 23 Jul. 2015, 1374, p. 38)

5. Concentrations

Horizontal Shareholding as an Antitrust Violation > E. Elhauge (Harvard Law Review, Vol. 109, No. 5, 2016)

The application of the European Merger Control Regulation > J.-F. Bellis and C. Nassogne (JDE, n° 221, Sept. 2015, p. 289)

Foreign-to-Foreign Mergers: The German Guidance, a Blueprint for a European Reform? > A. Bardong (Journal of European Competition Law & Practice (2015) Vol. 6, Issue 7, p. 477)

Appraising Merger Efficiencies > H. J. Hovenkamp (September 2015,

Development of the European Commission’s Decisional Practice on Failing Division Defences > R. Patel (World Competition, Volume 38, Issue 3, p. 423)

Divestiture requirements as a tool for competition policy: A case from the Swedish beer market > R. Friberg and A. Romahn (International Journal of Industrial Organization, 42, pp. 1-18)

6. State aid

Regulation of public service media through state aid control > E. Defreyne and A. de Streel (JDE, n° 221, Sept. 2015, p. 281) Commission’s new approach to State aid for economic activities with a purely local dimension - Re-examining the criterion of affecting trade between Member States > B. Cheynel (RLC 2015/44, No. 2815, p. 56)

Corporate Tax Arrangements Under EU State Aid Scrutiny The Application of the Market Economy Operator Principle > J. Kavanagh and N. Robins (European State Aid Law Quarterly, Vol. 14 (2015), No. 3, p. 358)

The Notion of State Resources: So Near and yet so Far > M. Clayton and M. J. Segura Catalan (European State Aid Law Quarterly, Vol. 14 (2015), No. 2, p. 260).

7. Public sector and competition

State Aid Chronicle - Competition, Regulation and the Public Sector > S. Naugès, L. Vidal and L. Ayache (Contracts, conc., consom. juill. 2015, n° 7, Chron. 3)

The Ordinance of 23 July 2015 on public procurement, Simplification and thwarted ambitions > S. Braconnier (JCP éd. G. 28 Sept. 2015, n° 40, étude 1043, p 1747)
Professor Braconnier gives in this article some useful keys to decipher the deciphering of the decree n°2015-899 of 23 July 2015 relating to public procurement and partnership contracts, renamed partnership contracts. According to him, this ordinance responds at least partly to the objective of simplifying and rationalizing the rules that the Government has set itself in the context of the work of transposing the European directives on markets and concessions. However, he also counts on the forthcoming publications of the decrees implementing the ordinance as well as the texts relating to concession contracts to remove the remaining ambiguities - a matter to be followed!

The Public Procurement Ordinance has been published > D. Poupeau (AJDA, August 3, 2015, No. 27, p 1545)

8. Procedures

8.1. General

The non bis in idem principle in business law: a crisis, solutions > A. Louvaris and J.-L. Sauron (JCP ed. E, n° 36, Sept. 3, 2015, 1395, p. 26)

Evidence of anti-competitive practices: computer searches validated by the ECHR > A. Mary (RJDA 7/2015, July 2015, Chron., p. 495)

The protection of the companies visited by the recognition of a private sphere > M. Baillat-Devers (RLC 2015/44, No. 2824, p. 81).

Arbitrating Antitrust Claims: From Suspicion to Trust > V. Korzun (New York University Journal of International Law and Politics, Vol. 48, 2016, forthcoming)

Enforcers’ Consideration of Compliance Programs in Europe: A Long and Winding-but Increasingly Interesting-Road > N. Jalabert-Doury, D. Harrison and J. P. Schmidt (CPI Antitrust Chronicle, Summer 2015, Vol. 6, No. 2)

EU Competition Enforcement and Compliance with Fundamental Rights’ Standards: The Challenge and the Promise of Accession to the ECHR > A. Andreangeli (CPI Antitrust Chronicle, Summer 2015, Vol. 7, No. 1)

Recasting of the Rules of Procedure of the Court of First Instance of the EU: for greater judicial efficiency > K. Andova and E. Von Bardeleben (JCP Europe, n°7, July 2015, study n°6, p. 5)
For the eighteenth time since its creation in 1988, the EU Court of First Instance, whose jurisdiction has increased considerably since its creation in 1988, has, as of 1 July 2015, a new set of Rules of Procedure, designed to improve the intelligibility of the procedural rules, to enable the Court to increase its efficiency and reduce the time taken to bring cases to trial and to respond to new procedural situations while ensuring respect for the principles of equality of arms between the parties and of the adversarial process. These are all tools designed to help the Court cope with the increase in the number of cases brought before it.

Access to documents exchanged between the Commission and an NCA: Trib. EU, 12 May 2015, case T-623/13, Union de Almacenistas de Hierros de Espana > L. Idot (JCP Europe, n°7, July 2015, n°°268, p. 22)
On the scope of the EnBW case law on the application of EC Regulation 1049/2001 to competition law proceedings, to documents exchanged between the European Commission and a national competition authority in the context of the operation of the European Competition Network.

Direct referrals to the Constitutional Council: towards a questioning of the procedural unity of the priority issue of constitutionality? > S. Gottot (RFDA, n°3, May-June 2015, study, p. 589)

Clarification of the Commission’s powers of inspection: CJEU, 2nd c., 18 June 2015, aff. C-583/13 P) > L. Idot (JCP Europe, n°8-9, August-September 2015, n°325, p. 34)

Putting Competition Compliance into Perspective - Chapter 3: Preparing for Competition Inspections > F. Puel and V. Rebeyrotte (JCP éd. E, n° 27, 2 Jul. 2015, 1329, p. 29)

Compliance with competition rules put into perspective - Chapter 4: Inspection of company premises: procedures, rights of agents, rights of the company > F. Puel and A. Lacresse (JCP éd. E, n° 27, 2 Jul. 2015, 1330, p. 33)

Compliance with competition rules put into perspective - Chapter 5: Commitment procedures under European and French competition law > F. Puel and L. François-Martin (JCP ed. E, No. 29, 16 July 2015, 1355, p. 33).

Compliance with competition rules put into perspective - Chapter 6: "Transaction" procedures in French and European competition law > F. Puel and P de Gouville (JCP ed. E, No. 29, 16 Jul. 2015, 1356, p. 36).

8.2. Sanction Policy - Clemency - Settlement - Undertakings

Competition Authority revises its leniency programme > A. Krenzer (Contracts, conc., consom. Jul. 2015, No. 7, Study 8)

The Law on Fines Imposed in EU Competition Proceedings: Fifty Shades of Undertakings > É. Barbier de La Serre and E. Lagathu (Journal of European Competition Law & Practice (2015), Vol. 6, Issue 7, p. 530)

Commitment Decisions and the Paucity of Precedent > M. Whathelet (Journal of European Competition Law & Practic, August 2015, forthcoming)

Cartels and settlement procedure: Trib. EU, 20 May 2015, Case T-456/10, Timab Industries > L. Idot (JCP Europe, n°7, July 2015, study n°267, p. 20)
First expected judgment on the settlement procedure in which the Court of First Instance finds that the European Commission is not bound by the range of fines communicated under the settlement procedure, when a party has waived the procedure, it returns to the ordinary procedure.

Denying leniency to cartel instigators: Costs and benefits > S. Piccolo, E. Tarantino, G. Ursino (International Journal of Industrial Organization, 41, pp. 19-29)

8.3. Actions for damages

Private Enforcement Directive: a mixed first assessment > P. Hecker and C. Lavin (EDJ, No. 220, June. 2015, p. 235)

flyLAL-Lithuanian Airlines: EU Rules on Jurisdiction Cover Antitrust Damages > P. Frühling and J. Delarue (Journal of European Competition Law & Practice (2015) Vol. 6, Issue 7, p. 493)

The Brussels Court Judgement in Commission v Elevators Manufacturers, or the Story of How the Commission Lost an Action for Damages Based on its Own Infringement Decision > J. M. Ramos and D. Muheme (May 2015,

Umbrella pricing and cartel damages under EU competition law > J.-U. Franck (European Competition Journal, Vol. 11, Issue 1, 2015, p. 135)

Directives and their transposition in the field of consumer law > A. Guillemet (Revue de l’Union européenne, No. 590, July-August 2015, p. 433)

The latest news on compensation litigation for anti-competitive practices > R. Amaro and H. Vey-Morit (RLDA, No. 107, Sept. 2015, p. 29)

9. Regulations

The UK Competition and Markets Authority should not cap energy retail prices > J. Harvey (ECLR, Vol. 36: Issue 10, Sept. 2015, p. 411°)

Taxis and competition, new steps > R. Noguellou (JCP droit administratif, No. 7, July 2015, No. 67, p. 2).

The regulation of individual transport (taxis and VTC): Cons. const. 22 May 2015, Dec. N°2015-468/469/472 QPC > M. Bazex and R. Lanneau (JCP droit administratif, No. 7, July 2015, No. 48, p. 31).

Uber Pop, Uber Flop, Uber Hop? > P. Delebecque (Energies - Environment - Infrastructures, n°8-9, August-September 2015, n°8, p. 1)

The activity of incumbent operators on competitive markets: CA Paris, pôle 5 ch. 7, 21 May 2015, n°2014/02694 > L. Binet (Energies - Environment - Infrastructures, n°°8-9, August-September 2015, n°°70, p. 44)
This photovoltaic case is an opportunity for the Paris Court of Appeal to clarify the conditions under which incumbent operators can allow their subsidiaries active on competitive markets to benefit from their brand and of the contours of the thorny question of the insertion of former legal monopolies into the free play of competition.

10. International policy

Swiss competition law in 2015. Assessment and prospects in relation to French and European law > M. Didier Laurent (Contracts, conc., consom. août-sept. 2015, n° 8-9, Etude 10, p. 7)

The Gazprom judgment or when the mountain gives birth to a mouse... CJEU, 13 May 2015, Case C-536/13) > M. Barba (RLDA, No. 106, July-August 2015, p. 46)

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Alain Ronzano, Bastien Thomas, Emmanuel Frot, Mathilde Brabant, Christelle Adjémian, Competition journals: July - Sept. 2015, December 2015, Concurrences N° 4-2015, Art. N° 75902, pp. 259-262

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