COLLOQUE : DGCCRF - MINISTRE DE l’ECONOMIE - ROLE - PRATIQUES ANTICONCURRENTIELLES - PRATIQUES RESTRICTIVES

The role of the Minister of Economy in the fight against anticompetitive and restrictive practices (AFEC, 7 July 2015)

The fight against anti-competitive practices relies on an organization in which the Directorate for Competition Policy, Consumer Affairs and Fraud Control (DGCCRF) and the French Competition Authority (ADLC) work in close and complementary collaboration. The DGCCRF supplies prosecution services with abundant evidence detected all over French territory through its territorial coverage. It carries out a large part of competition investigations, including concerning national practices. Number of these investigations allow the ADLC to impose penalties. By developing a policy that punishes local anti-competitive practices, the DGCCRF contributes to the development of a competition culture in the small or medium-size enterprises (SME) / very small enterprises (VSE) while relieving the ADLC. The Minister of Economy plays a key role in the fight against restrictive practices. He uses significant resources to perform market surveillance and to punish abuses and achieves good results in his mission to protect the economic public order. However, sanctions cannot solve all the difficulties and the balance of trade relations is primarily the responsibility of companies themselves.

1. Nathalie Homobono : Je remercie l’AFEC et son président, Jean-Louis Fourgoux, de me donner l’occasion, comme vous l’avez fait régulièrement depuis quelques années, de venir m’exprimer devant une éminente et nombreuse assemblée de spécialistes du droit de la concurrence sur le rôle du ministre de l’Économie, et donc de la DGCCRF, en matière de pratiques anticoncurrentielles et de pratiques restrictives de concurrence. 2. Vous avez retenu ce sujet qui s’inscrit pleinement dans le cadre de la politique de la concurrence mise en œuvre par le gouvernement, pour lequel il s’agit, au-delà du seul droit de la concurrence, de veiller à ce qu’une approche de la concurrence fondée sur la compétitivité des entreprises, sur l’innovation, le pouvoir d’achat, irrigue l’ensemble des politiques publiques. Bien sûr, la

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Nathalie Homobono, André Marie, Odile Cluzel, The role of the Minister of Economy in the fight against anticompetitive and restrictive practices (AFEC, 7 July 2015), December 2015, Concurrences Review N° 4-2015, Art. N° 76043, www.concurrences.com

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