Competition regulation in the railway sector (Competition and transport, Lille, 16 April 2015)

The aim of the first presentation is to display the challenges and the problems of the opening of the railway market, which began almost twenty-five years ago. The main idea behind this process was that the public governance of the sector has been a failure in most european countries. Governments were unable to implement effective incentives to improve the quality of service for the users and to reduce costs. Opening the railway market up to competition is part of the solution, but it should take place in a context of improved governance and financing of the railway system. Moreover, the ways and means of opening the railway market up to competition should be carefully chosen, since an unadequate market organization can easily result in less efficient railway undertakings and a lower quality of service for the users. The aim of the second presentation is to assess the state of play of the process of the railway market opening. The author examines the obstacles to the liberalisation of the sector and the possible ways to overcome them.

*This article is an automatic translation of the original article, provided here for your convenience. Read the original article. Issues and problems Grégoire Marlot [1] Director of Regulation Europe Economy, SNCF Réseau, Paris Introduction 1. The process of opening up rail transport in Europe to competition began with Directive 91/440, and in 2015, almost twenty-five years later, the process is still under way, with the negotiation of the "fourth railway package", which must in particular set a deadline for opening up passenger transport services on the domestic market to competition. In France, the opening up of rail transport to competition began with the creation of an independent infrastructure manager, Réseau ferré de France, in 1997, and continued with the opening up of freight

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