CONFERENCE: COMPETITION AND TRANSPORT - RAILWAY TRANSPORT - OPENING TO COMPETITION - CHALLENGES

Competition regulation in the railway sector (Competition and transport, Lille, 16 April 2015)

The aim of the first presentation is to display the challenges and the problems of the opening of the railway market, which began almost twenty-five years ago. The main idea behind this process was that the public governance of the sector has been a failure in most european countries. Governments were unable to implement effective incentives to improve the quality of service for the users and to reduce costs. Opening the railway market up to competition is part of the solution, but it should take place in a context of improved governance and financing of the railway system. Moreover, the ways and means of opening the railway market up to competition should be carefully chosen, since an unadequate market organization can easily result in less efficient railway undertakings and a lower quality of service for the users. The aim of the second presentation is to assess the state of play of the process of the railway market opening. The author examines the obstacles to the liberalisation of the sector and the possible ways to overcome them.

Enjeux et problématique Grégoire Marlot [1] Directeur régulation Europe économie, SNCF Réseau, Paris Introduction 1. L’ouverture à la concurrence du transport ferroviaire en Europe a commencé avec la directive 91/440. En 2015, presque vingt-cinq ans après, le processus est encore en cours, avec la négociation du “quatrième paquet ferroviaire”, qui doit notamment fixer une date butoir pour l’ouverture à la concurrence des services de transport de voyageurs sur le marché domestique. En France, l’ouverture à la concurrence du transport ferroviaire a été amorcée avec la création d’un gestionnaire d’infrastructure indépendant, Réseau ferré de France, en 1997, et s’est poursuivie avec l’ouverture du transport de fret (2003-2006) et du transport international de voyageurs (2009). Le marché domestique du transport

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Anne Yvrande-Billon, Grégoire Marlot, Competition regulation in the railway sector (Competition and transport, Lille, 16 April 2015), December 2015, Concurrences Review N° 4-2015, Art. N° 75912, www.concurrences.com

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