ARTICLES: ANTICOMPETITIVE PRACTICES - DAMAGES - RESPONSIBLE ENTITY

Damages: Who is liable in case of anticompetitive practices?

For some authors, the person responsible under civil law would obey to some principles that are incompatible with those of the competition law. This opinion, however, must be resisted. This article aims to show that the presence, in competition law, of texts designating "the undertaking" as the entity responsible for the anti-competitive practice , enables the civil law to have the same original solutions of competition law. The civil judge may well recognize, even in autonomous actions, that are liable to pay compensation, legal entities constituting the undertaking. This should not be confused with the question of whether it can or should apply the parental presumption which is so much discussed. This second question is much more delicate.

1. La jurisprudence constante de la Cour de justice de l’Union européenne considère qu’“il incombe aux juridictions nationales chargées d’appliquer, dans le cadre de leurs compétences, les dispositions du droit communautaire d’assurer le plein effet de ces normes et de protéger les droits qu’elles confèrent aux particuliers” pour permettre à toute personne de demander réparation des préjudices issus de pratiques anticoncurrentielles [1]. Suite au livre vert de décembre 2005 [2]] et au livre blanc d’avril 2008 [3]] de politique générale sur les actions en dommages et intérêts pour infractions aux règles communautaires sur les ententes et les abus de position dominante, une vaste consultation publique a débouché sur la proposition de directive de la Commission européenne du 11 juin 2013. Cette directive

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Martine Behar-Touchais, Suzanne Carval, Damages: Who is liable in case of anticompetitive practices?, December 2015, Concurrences Review N° 4-2015, Art. N° 75838, pp. 84-100

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