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Competition law and intellectual property rights share the same objective. They aim to promote the incentive to create or innovate. This promotion involves finding a compromise between, on the one hand, the exclusivity granted to the creator or inventor and, on the other hand, the dissemination and use of knowledge. However, in the information society, the internal balance of intellectual property rights is being upset. This leads to the emergence of new economic monopolies that can hamper innovation. This development necessarily calls for the intervention of competition law in order to promote competition and ultimately innovation. Achieving this objective does not automatically imply a forced licence. At the level of the European Union, competition law has seen the emergence of new instruments which make it possible to seek a negotiated solution. This negotiated solution is part of one of the justifications of intellectual property rights, which is to facilitate trade in the market. However, there are limits to these instruments. These limitations explain the application of sector-specific rules designed to ensure access to information.