Predatory strategies

This set of three papers is derived from the training session on the predatory strategies organised by Concurrences Review that has held on 5th July 2010 in Paris. The first paper is a short introduction of the Economist Etienne Pfister presenting the preemptive strategies and how these practices are considered by competition authorities. The second paper of Professor David Spector concentrates on margin squeeze. Finally, the third paper, written by Me Olivier Fréget, is dedicated to the treatment of these predatory strategies under section 102 TFEU.

*This article is an automatic translation of the original article, provided here for your convenience. Read the original article. EVICTION STRATEGIESPre-emption Strategies: An Economic Introduction Étienne PFISTER* Deputy Chief Economist, Competition Authority, Member of the BETA-CNRS-University of Nancy laboratory 1. Unlike other strategies of exclusion, such as margin squeeze or predatory pricing, pre-emption, although extensively studied by economic analysis, does not strictly speaking have a settled definition, either in economic theory or in the case law of the competition authorities. In both cases, however, the term pre-emption, when used, refers to an investment strategy aimed at pre-empting the entry of a potential competitor in order to deter entry (or limit its deployment)

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  • Paris School of Economics
  • Fréget (Paris)
  • French Competition Authority (Paris)


David Spector, Olivier Fréget, Etienne Pfister, Predatory strategies, December 2010, Concurrences N° 4-2010, Art. N° 32769,

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