ARTICLES: AUTORITÉ DE LA CONCURRENCE - REFORM OF 2009 - PROCEDURAL FAIRNESS -FOUNDATIONAL PRINCIPLES - INDEPENDENCE - NEUTRALITY - DIALOGUE - TRANSPARENCY - EUROPEAN COURT OF HUMAN RIGHTS - FRENCH GOVERNMENT - FRENCH PARLIAMENT

Procedural fairness before the French Competition Authority

The roundtables organized earlier this year by the Competition Committee of the OECD have shown that competition authorities share the common goal of ensuring the fairness of their procedures, but also that the legal and practical means of achieving this procedural fairness may legitimately differ from one jurisdiction to another. The following article dwells on the foundational principles of the procedural fairness guaranteed by the Autorité de la concurrence: independence, neutrality, dialogue and transparency. The three main points to bear in mind are that the French law goes beyond the requirements of the European Court of Human Rights in terms of due process, that the French Government and Parliament have supported the current balance during the reform of 2009 and that the Conseil de la concurrence, and now the Autorité, have taken a number of organizational and procedural initiatives aimed at further enhancing the fairness of their operation in practice.

I. Introduction 1. Comment est assurée l'équité procédurale devant l'Autorité de la concurrence française (l'“Autorité”) ? L'article qui suit apporte une contribution à ce sujet. Il revient sur la notion d'équité procédurale (II.), avant d'évoquer les lignes de force qui la structurent devant l'Autorité : indépendance (III.), impartialité (IV.), dialogue (V.) et transparence (VI.), puis de conclure (VII.). II. L'équité procédurale devant les autorités de concurrence : Unité dans la diversité 2. Les deux tables rondes récemment consacrées à la notion d'équité procédurale (“procedural fairness”) par le comité de la concurrence de l'OCDE [1] ont montré qu'il existait un consensus, parmi les autorités de concurrence réunies à cette occasion, pour considérer le respect d'une procédure équitable comme une des clefs de

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Authors

  • European Court of Justice (Luxembourg)
  • French Competition Authority (Paris)

Quotation

Fabien Zivy, Irène Luc, Procedural fairness before the French Competition Authority, December 2010, Concurrences Review N° 4-2010, Art. N° 32747, pp. 85-100

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