TRENDS: CHAMPSAUR COMMISSION - ORGANIZATION FRENCH ELECTRICITY MARKETS - REFORM - REGULATED TARIFFS - PRINCIPLES USED FOR FIXING NETWORK TARIFFS - FRENCH COMPETITION AUTHORITY - DIFFERENTIATION DEPENDING TYPES OF END CUSTOMERS - ECONOMIC ANALYSIS

Regulating electricity tariffs: An energetic debate

Following the work of the Champsaur Commission and the insistent pressure from Brussels, the organization of the French electricity markets should soon be substantially amended. This dossier presents, in the context of ongoing market liberalization, some of the economic and legal issues raised by the existence of regulated tariffs in the electricity sector. In the first contribution, Mr. Belot gives us a panorama of the European situation. The second contribution, written by Mr. Dyèvre, outlines the methods and principles used by CRE in fixing network tariffs, and in elaborating its opinions on the evolution of regulated power sales tariffs. In the third, Mr. Genevaz evokes the various cases ruled by the French Competition Authority (FCA) on power pricing. Indeed the decisions rendered by FCA may have inspired the solutions adopted by the Champsaur Commission. In the fourth, Mrs. De Cadaran explains why, in her opinion, the future regulatory mechanism must be differentiated depending on the types of end customers that will be supplied by this new system. Finally, in the last one, Mr. Spector sets out an economic analysis on these issues. He stresses in particular that if the solution proposed by the Champsaur Commission seems to be appropriate, its implementation should be carefully regulated. If not, it may not be able to achieve the desired goal.

PROPOS INTRODUCTIFS Sylvain JUSTIER Avocat à la Cour Vincent JAUNET Avocat à la Cour 1. Si l'ouverture à la concurrence des marchés de l'électricité au niveau communautaire est maintenant engagée depuis près de quinze ans (la première directive de libéralisation date du 19 décembre 1996 [1]), force est de constater qu'il reste encore du chemin à parcourir pour parvenir à la création d'un marché de l'électricité pleinement ouvert. 2. Les États membres et les autorités communautaires en conviennent eux-mêmes et cette situation s'est récemment traduite par l'adoption du troisième “paquet énergie” [2] dans le courant de l'été 2009 (cf. en particulier la directive 2009/72/CE en date du 13 juillet 2009 concernant des règles communes pour le marché intérieur de l'électricité et abrogeant la directive 2003/54/CE)

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David Spector, Sylvain Justier, Vincent Jaunet, Anne de Cadaran, Max Belot, Simon Genevaz, Eric Dyevre, Regulating electricity tariffs: An energetic debate, December 2009, Concurrences Review N° 4-2009, Art. N° 29192, pp. 11-34

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