*This article is an automatic translation of the original article, provided here for your convenience. Read the original article. On 7 April 2022, Advocate General Maciej Szpunar delivered his Opinion in Case C-163/21 (AD and Others v PACCAR Inc, DAF TRUCKS NV and DAF Trucks Deutschland GmbH) following a reference for a preliminary ruling from the Tribunal de Commerce de Barcelona. Decidedly, the Commission's decision sanctioning the truck cartel on July 19, 2016, but also the follow-on actions that followed, as well as the preliminary references filed, especially by the Spanish courts, in these follow-on actions contribute greatly to the interpretation of the Damages Directive of November 26, 2014, and thus to the repression of anti-competitive practices, and singularly of cartels,
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