Previous article

FOREWORD: EUROPEAN COMPETITION POLICY - EUROPEAN COMMISSION - MERGER CONTROL - DIGITAL ECONOMY - EFFICIENCY - REFORM

Competition policy and strategic interests of the European Union

At the request of the Minister for Economic Affairs and Finance, the Inspectorate-General for Finances and the General Council of Economics issued a report on reforms that could make competition policy more effective, in view of outlining the future European Commission’s agenda. These considerations are motivated by two elements inscribed in a recent context: 1) competitors, newly arrived on the market, that don’t move according to the same rules as European companies, particularly in terms of public subsidies and 2) the emergence of digital platforms. The assignment has thus assessed various scenarios of competition policy’s evolution and put forward proposals to better take into account the new environment. The authors are solely responsible for these proposals, made within the scope of their assignment.

Deux facteurs principaux sont venus transformer depuis quelques années l’environnement concurrentiel européen : d’une part, l’essor de plateformes numériques ayant parfois acquis un caractère “systémique” – c’est par exemple le cas d’Amazon et de Google – ; d’autre part, la menace, immédiate ou lointaine, que font peser sur les entreprises européennes certains acteurs n’opérant pas selon les mêmes règles qu’elles, avec le soutien, notamment financier, de leurs États d’origine. On pense évidemment aux entreprises chinoises. Ces deux facteurs empêchent l’établissement d’un level playing field permettant le jeu d’une concurrence “par les mérites” entre les concurrents. En réponse à la sollicitation de Bruno Le Maire, ministre de l’Économie, l’Inspection générale des finances et le Conseil général de l’économie ont

Access to this article is restricted to subscribers

Already Subscribed? Sign-in

Access to this article is restricted to subscribers.

Read one article for free

Sign-up to read this article for free and discover our services.

 

PDF Version

Authors

  • French General Inspectorate of Finance (Paris)
  • French General Inspectorate of Finance (Paris)

Quotation

Anne Perrot, Victor Blonde, Competition policy and strategic interests of the European Union, September 2019, Concurrences Review N° 3-2019, Art. N° 91096, pp. 2-4

Visites 417

All reviews