CASE COMMENTS: DISTRIBUTION – FRANCE – FRANCHISE – PENALTY CLAUSE – SIGNIFICANT IMBALANCE

Franchise: The Paris Court of Appeal considers that the stipulation of a penalty clause providing, in the event of termination of the contract as a result of the wrongful conduct of the franchisee, the payment by the latter of the amount of the annual fee multiplied by the number of years to run until the end of the contract does not create a significant imbalance (Pierre Dulac / Distribution Casino France)

La considération de l’équilibre entre les droits et obligations des parties à un contrat de distribution est encore, ce trimestre, au cœur de l’actualité. Après l’introduction, en droit commun des contrats, de la sanction du déséquilibre significatif dans les contrats d’adhésion (art. 1171 C. civ.), la récente refonte du droit des pratiques restrictives de concurrence (cf. ord. n°2019-359 du 24 avril 2019 portant refonte du titre IV du livre IV C. com. relatif à la transparence, aux pratiques restrictives de concurrence et aux autres pratiques prohibées) et le mouvement d’élargissement du champ d’application du dispositif de sanction du déséquilibre significatif (art. L. 442-6, I., 2° C. com. devenu L. 442-1, I, 2° C. com. nouv.) dans les relations entre “toute personne exerçant des activités de

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Dominique Ferré, Franchise: The Paris Court of Appeal considers that the stipulation of a penalty clause providing, in the event of termination of the contract as a result of the wrongful conduct of the franchisee, the payment by the latter of the amount of the annual fee multiplied by the number of years to run until the end of the contract does not create a significant imbalance (Pierre Dulac / Distribution Casino France), 15 May 2019, Concurrences Review N° 3-2019, Art. N° 91471, pp. 93-94

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