INTERNATIONAL: CANADA – PRIVATE ACTIONS – OPT-IN – OPT-OUT – DAMAGES – PASSING-ON

The long crossing to the right of compensation: The Canadian rule for indirect purchasers

This text aims to highlight the normative and procedural contexts in and by which the Supreme Court of Canada has come to the recognition of a right of compensation for indirect purchasers victims of anti-competitive practices under Part VI of the Competition Act. It shows " road traveled " by indirect purchasers from difficulties and differences revealed by the procedural provincial way of collective action to the fate of passing- on . Thus, the first part emphasizes the use of the private right of action and special statuary under section 36 of Competition Act through collective action. The second part deals more directly and explicitly the rule laid down by the Supreme Court in his trilogy of 2013 and that passing-on can serve as a sword rather than a shield.

Introduction 1. Selon un modèle largement accepté, il existe, en matière d’application du droit de la concurrence, une distinction essentielle entre l’action répressive et régulatrice menée à l’initiative des autorités publiques de contrôle (application publique) et l’action privée à vocation réparatrice engagée par des particuliers ou des groupes de particuliers devant le juge de droit commun (application privée). Le droit processuel de la concurrence du Canada est fondé sur le modèle tronqué selon lequel une autorité administrative, ici le Commissaire de la concurrence, pourvu d’un certain nombre de pouvoirs de contrainte et qui dirige le Bureau de la concurrence, est chargée de mener des enquêtes et des investigations avant de confier, le cas échéant, les dossiers instruits aux autorités judiciaires [1]

Access to this article is restricted to subscribers

Already Subscribed? Sign-in

Access to this article is restricted to subscribers.

Read one article for free

Sign-up to read this article for free and discover our services.

 

PDF Version

Author

Quotation

Karounga Diawara, The long crossing to the right of compensation: The Canadian rule for indirect purchasers, September 2016, Concurrences Review Nº 3-2016, Art. N° 80012, pp. 203-212

Visites 193

All reviews