Defining relevant geographic markets in local dimension merger cases

The French merger guidlines and recent decisions taken by the French Competition Authority show the evolution in the approach taken by the Authority when defining geographic relevant markets. The techniques used all have limitations, as explained in this article. Those that apply to the approach based on ’real footprints’ described in B-to-B retail merger decisions are discussed in more detail.

*This article is an automatic translation of the original article, provided here for your convenience. Read the original article. 1. All relevant markets, from a competition law point of view, have a product dimension and a geographic dimension: the geographic dimension can be local (below the national level), national, regional (covering several countries), European or global. In this article, we focus on how the French Competition Authority defines relevant geographic markets in the context of transactions at the local level in France. 2. Competition takes place at the local level in a large number of cases: competition between factories producing products with high transport costs, competition between distributors of goods to consumers and professionals, who only sell to

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  • French Competition Authority (Paris)


Pascale Déchamps, Defining relevant geographic markets in local dimension merger cases, September 2014, Concurrences N° 3-2014, Art. N° 67296,

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