Competition journals: April - June 2014

This section of the review Concurrences selects articles and working papers on themes related to competition laws and economics, mainly, but not only, in the English and French languages. This compilation does not attempt to be exhaustive but rather a survey on themes important in the area. The survey usually covers publications over the last three months after release of the latest issue of Concurrences. Articles and working papers published on the Internet only are also welcome. Authors, editors and publishers are welcome to send their papers to for review in this section.

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1. General - Scope of application

Vademecum of Law No. 2014-344 of 17 March 2014 on consumption, known as the "Hamon Law". > F.-L. SIMON, V. CADORET, J. GRANDMAIRE, F. SERGENT and G. TOUSSAINT-DAVID (Petites affiches, April 7, 2014, no. 69, p. 4)

See also, Action de groupe et autres dispositions "concurrence" de la loi "Consommation", P. ARHEL (JCP éd. E, No 11, 13 March 2014, 184, p. 9); Le volet "concurrence" de la loi no 2014-344 du 17 mars 2014 relative à la consommation, C. MARECHAL (Contrats, conc., consom. mai 2014, no 5, dossier no 4); Loi relative à la consommation: mesures diverses, (BRDA 15 mai 2014, no 9, commentaires no 22, p. 13)

Hamon Law: Is the best the enemy of the good? > C. MINET (RLDA May 2014, p. 44)

The Competitive Process: A Historical Presentation of the Contributions of Economic Theory > M. GLAIS (RTD com. 2014, p. 37)

AFEC 2014 Conference > L. IDOT and ALII (Contracts, conc., consom. June 2014, no. 6, file no. 10)

Extended producer responsibility and competition > P. THIEFFRY (RTD eur. 1/2014, p. 73)

The theodulisation of competition law > D. BOSCO (Contracts, conc., consum. May 2014, no. 5, benchmark no. 5)

Specific features of the application of the principle of the individual nature of penalties in economic matters > M.-C. SORDINO (D. 27 Feb. 2014, no. 8, p. 531)

Voluntary strategies for anticipating competitive risk > L. ARCELIN-LECUYER (RLDA 2013/91, No 5024, p. 103)

What room is there for free competition? > G. ECKERT (RJEP, No. 718, April 2014, p. 32)

Activity of the courts of the European Union in competition law (September 2013, October 2013, November 2013) > P. ARHEL (Small Posters, April 9, 2014, No. 71, p. 3; Small Posters, April 10, 2014, No. 72, p. 4; Small Posters, May 1-2, 2014, No. 87-88, p. 7; Small Posters, May 26, 2014, No. 104, p. 6)

Activity of the Court of Cassation and the Council of State in competition law (July to December 2013) > P. ARHEL (Small posters, 21-22 April 2014, Nos. 79-80, p. 6)

Competition Chronicle > L. IDOT (Europe, March. 2014, No. 3, comm. 129; April 2014, No. 4, comm. 165-169; May 2014, No. 5, comm. 212-216)

Competition Chronicle > D. BOSCO and G. DECOCQ (Contracts, conc., consum. April 2014, no. 4, comm. 95 to 101; May 2014, no. 5, comm. 118 to 120; June 2014, no. 6, comm. 137 to 142)

Competition Chronicle > C. PRIETO (Contract Review, July 2014, No. 2014/2, p. 265)

Chronicle European competition law (anti-competitive practices Sept. 30, 2012- Oct. 31, 2013) > J.-B. BLAISE and L. IDOT (RTD eur. 4/2013, p. 829)

Economic Law Chronicle > C. MATHONNIERE (RLDA 2013/91, Nos 4988 to 5002, p. 36; RLDA 2013/92, Nos 5056 to 5067, p. 39)

Competition-Distribution Panorama >D. FERRIER (D., April 17, 2014, No. 15, p. 893).

Competition Chronicle > (RJDA, No. 4, April 2014, p. 358)

Chronicle of case law of the CJEU > (AJDA, No. 20, June 9, 2014, p. 1147)

2. Agreements

2.1. General

The most-favoured customer clause > C. ARONICA (AJCA, No. 2, May 2014, p. 69)

New competition regime for technology transfer agreements > P. ARHEL (JCP ed. E, Nos. 16-17, 17 April 2014, 290, p. 9)

Stop "Schenker and others." > M. ABENHAÏM (RDUE, 3-2013, p. 527)

CISAC" stops > M. ABENHAÏM (RDUE, 2-2013, p. 353)

The Effect of Explicit Communication on Pricing: Evidence from the Collapse of a Gasoline Cartel > R. CLARK and J.-F. HOUDE (Journal of Industrial Economics, Vol. 62, Issue 2, pp. 191-228)

The Impacts of an Antitrust Investigation: A Case Study in Agriculture > K.T. COATNEY and J.B. TACK (Review of Industrial Organization, Vol. 44, Issue 4, pp. 423-444)

Collusion Through Joint R&D: An Empirical Assessment > T. DUSO, L.-H. RÖLLER and L. SELDESLACHTS (Review of Economics and Statistics, Vol. 96, Issue 2, pp. 349-370)

Sales and Collusion in a Market with Storage > F. NAVA and P. SCHIRALDI (European Economic Review, Vol. 12, Issue 3, pp. 791-832)

Activating Actavis: A More Complete Story > B.C. HARRIS, K.M. MURPHY, R.D. WILLIG and M.B. WRIGHT (Antitrust, Vol. 28, Issue 2, pp. 83-89)

2.2. Distribution

Access to the supplier market in the face of the development of private labels > P. REIS (Contracts, conc., consom. April 2014, no. 4, study 6)

In this study, the author seeks to understand how competition law deals with horizontal relationships between manufacturers and mass retailers, when their respective products (suppliers’ and retailers’ brands) are in competition with each other. Under these conditions, how can we preserve suppliers’ access to shelves, which remain a scarce resource, particularly in the presence of category management agreements with certain suppliers? Considering the various possible ways, the author, who considers the use of the theory of essential infrastructures applied to mass retailing to be perilous, recommends increasing transparency in access to shelving by obliging mass retailing to communicate to all suppliers who request it the general conditions of access to shelving and, more generally, the general conditions of purchase in cases where there are private labels and "category management agreements" for a given type of product or a given range of products.

Chronicle Distribution contracts > M. BEHAR-TOUCHAIS and C. GRIMALDI (Contract Review, July 2014, No. 2014/2, p. 231)

Chronicle Distribution and Competitor Protection > M. MALAURIE-VIGNAL and N. M. MATHEY (Contracts, conc., consom. April 2014, No. 4, comm. 88 to 94; May 2014, No. 5, comm. 114 to 117; June 2014, No. 6, comm. 129 to 136)

Under Pressure - when do legal "recommended" resale prices turn into illegal "fixed" and binding resale prices: Resale price maintenance under scrutiny in Germany > U. ZINSMEISTER and M. HELD (ECLR, Vol. 35, Issue 7, p. 317)

3. Abuse of dominance

The Impossible Emergence of Competition in the Sports Press > I. LUC (AJCA, No. 2, May 2014, p. 83)

AstraZeneca" stop > K. NOTI (RDUE, 3-2013, p. 527)

Arriva can (once more) take you out to Luton Airport - High Court bus case takes abuse of dominance law in an unexpected direction > B. MCGRATH and T. REDDY (Global Competition Litigation Review, Vol. 7, Issue 2/2014, p. 105)

The Role of Intent in the EU Case Law on Abuse of Dominance > P. AKMAN (European Law Review, Issue 3, June 2014, p. 316)

4. Restrictive practices

[Substantive] law on practices restricting competition is included in the first part] of the consumer [law. > M. CHAGNY (RTD com. 2014, p. 67)

See also, La loi Hamon et les relations commerciales entre fournisseurs et distributeurs, A. BERG-MOUSSA (JCP éd. E, nos 9-10, 27 Feb. 2014, 160, p. 5); Presentation of the law of 17 March 2014 relating to consumption, Act of the colloquium organised in Strasbourg under the scientific direction of N. RZEPECKI and J. LASSERRE CAPDEVILLE, and especially the intervention of N. ERESEO (Gaz. Pal.., 20-24 April 2014, Nos 110 to 114, p. 33); Law of 17 March 2014 "relating to consumption" and for a stronger framework for relations between professionals, D. FERRIER (D., 17 April 2014, No 15, p. 889); Law relating to consumption: commercial relations between professionals, N. PETRIGNET and D. REDON (BRDA, 15 April 2014, No 7, p. 11); Les dispositions de la loi en faveur de la consommation relatives à la transparence et aux relations commerciales : nouvelle évolution ou révolution ? D. FAISANT and F. COULON (Contracts, conc., consom. May 2014, no. 5, file no. 9)

Imputation of penalties for abusive commercial practices to the acquiring company in the event of a merger > J. RIFFAULT-SILK (RJDA, No. 4, April 2014, Study and Doctrine, p. 283)

The contagion of the notion of enterprise in economic law > L. ARCELIN (JCP ed. E, No. 11, 13 March 2014, 1124, p. 34)

Abrupt termination of business relations and consequential damage > N. MATHEY (JCP ed. E, No. 20, May 15, 2014, 1267, p. 34)

Entering into a contract with a third party is not a breach of business relations > N. MATHEY (JCP éd. E, n°s 21-22, 22 May 2014, 1289, p. 35)

5. Concentrations

Market Definition in Two-Sided Markets: Theory and Practice > L. FILISTRUCCHI, D. GERADIN, E. VAN DAMME and P. AFFELDT (Journal of Competition Law and Economics, Vol. 10, Issue 2, pp. 293-339)

Business law in the face of economic difficulties (Proceedings of the conference organised in Lille on 21 February 2014 by the Université du Littoral Côte d’Opale and the legal research laboratory (LARJ) with the collaboration of SKEMA Business School) > R. DOUTREBENTE (RLDA 2013/92, No. 5077, p. 88)

The Standard of Proof in Phase I Merger Decisions: The Lesson from the Microsoft/Skype Appeal > A. KALINTIRI (ECLR, Vol. 35, Issue 6, p. 279)

International Joint Ventures: Overcoming Competition Law Hurdles in the EU > V. TURNER and F. MIOTTO (Competition Law International, Vol. 10, No. 1, April 2014, p. 5)

The Diversion Story: Resolving Ambiguities Surrounding the Concept of Diversion Ration > A. TEN KATE and G. NIELS (Journal of Competition Law and Economics, Vol. 10, Issue 2, pp. 361-374)

Buyer Power in European Merger Control > A. EZRACHI and M. IOANNIDOU (European Competition Journal, Vol. 10, Issue 1, pp. 69-95)

A Primer on AIDS-based Models in Antitrust Analysis > S.W. ULRICK (European Competition Journal, Vol. 10, Issue 1, pp. 123-153)

The Flexible Coefficient Multinomial Logit (FC-MNL) Model of Demand for Differentiated Products > P. DAVIS and P. SCHIRALDI (RAND Journal of Economics, Vol. 45, Issue 1, pp. 32-63)

6. State aid

Annual digest of State aid case law for 2013 > L. AYACHE and Q. LEJEUNE (Revue de l’Union européenne, No. 576, March 2014, p. 188)

The legal differences and economic similarities of the various methods of supporting green electricity under State Aid rules > P. NICOLAIDES (ECLR, 5-2014, p. 227)

Who sows the wind... > H. CASSAGNABERE (RJEP, No. 719, May 2014, p. 16)

Commentary on the judgment C-262/12 delivered by the ECJ on 19 December 2013 in the Vent de Colère! case, in which the ECJ qualified as "intervention through State resources" within the meaning of Article 107(1) TFEU the mechanism of full compensation for the additional costs incurred by undertakings which are under an obligation to purchase electricity from wind energy at a price higher than the market price by means of a levy borne by all electricity consumers. The author does not fail to wonder about the consequences of this case in the aftermath of the European Commission’s opening of an investigation into the tax reductions granted in France to large electricity consumers.

V. also, Soutien aux énergies renouvelables et aides d’État, C. BOITEAU (AJDA, No 16, 5 May 2014, p. 926); La régulation de la fourniture d’électricité éolienne, M. BAZEX (Droit administratif, No 3, March 2014, p. 39)

7. Public sector and competition

Application of Union law by the administrative courts (July 2013 - January 2014) > H. HOEPFFNER and G. KALFLECHE (Europe No. 4, April 2014, p. 6).

The prolixity of Member States’ constitutional courts on the implementation of Union law > D. SIMON (Europe No. 4, April 2014, p. 1)

Soft law in European Union law: II- Soft law and institutional law > B. BERTRAND and I. BOSSE-PLATIERE (Revue de l’Union européenne, No. 576, March 2014, p. 136)

III- Soft law in European Union law: III- Soft law in the external relations of the European Union > B. BERTRAND and I. BOSSE-PLATIERE (Revue de l’Union européenne, No. 577, April 2014, p. 200)

Local public companies and the exercise of analogous control > A. ROBERT and I. ORTIGOSA-LIAZ (Contracts, public contracts, No. 5, May 2014, p. 43)

Chronicle of European Administrative Law (July - December 2013) > S. PLATO (Administrative Law, No. 4, April 2014, p. 25)

Application of European Union law: The axis of transmission of European administrative law > J.-B. AUBY (Administrative Law, No. 4, April 2014, p. 1)

New concessions directive: what potential or proven impacts on the Sapin law? > J. MOIROUX (JCP administrations et collectivités territoriales, no 22, 2 June 2014, p. 26)

Following the publication of the new directive on concessions (No. 2014/23/EU), this article has the merit of analysing and classifying the provisions of this directive according to whether or not they will overturn the Sapin law when they are transposed into French law. A first enlightened dive into this new text...

See also Directive 2014/23/EU of 26 February 2014 on the award of concession contracts: what consequences for local authorities? Proceedings of the conference organised by the Universities of Valenciennes and Aix-Marseille (RJCE administrations et collectivités territoriales, no 18, 5 May 2014, p. 9); The new Public Procurement Directive: simple consolidation of achievements or real modernisation? H. HOEPFFNER (Europe, no. 5, May 2014, p. 5); Premier panorama des directives marchés et concessions, G. CLAMOUR (Contrats marchés publ., no. 3, March 2014, p. 19)

8. Procedures

8.1. General

Review of the scope of jurisdictional control of mergers on the occasion of the acquisition of D8 and D17 by Canal Plus > C. MEDINA (RLC 2014/39, No. 2502, p. 11)

Regulation 1/2003: reflections for a tenth anniversary > B. VAN DE WALLE DE GHELCKE (JDE, March 2014, No 207, p. 89)

Leniency applications, Commission assessments and intensity of judicial review: the end of an era, the beginning of a new era > G. MUGUET-POULLENNEC (RLC 2014/39, No 2535, p. 103)

The Bang & Olufsen decision of 13 March 2014 of the Paris Court of Appeal: the requirement of certainty of the rule of law > R. SAINT-ESTEBEN (AJCA, No. 2, May 2014, p. 87)

Validity of a global data entry for the purposes of the competition authority > E. A. CAPRIOLI (Comm., Elect. Com., No. 4, April 2014, Comm. 42)

Special file: ATI: investigative powers and respect for the rights of the defence > S. AKORRI, S. ALBERTIN, S. ALBERTIN, E. BAILLY, E. DAOUD, C. GENDRE, C. LE CORRE, L. MIGNERAT, A. PIBAULT and M. PUGLIESE (RLDA, May 2014, p. 85)

AAI, again and again > J.-B. AUBY (Administrative Law, No. 5, May 2014, p. 1)

In this reference point, the author examines the consequences of the diversity of the numerous acts issued by the ATIs, many of which are soft law: they are not subject to litigation because they have no legal effect and are subject to judicial review. In particular, this is an opportunity to recall that since an ATI has the power to impose sanctions, its independent status is only acceptable if its acts are subject to particularly high procedural requirements.

V. also, Chronicle of the JurisData Workshop of the Agencies, A. CORDUAS, N. KOS’ISAKA, Q. JULIA, J. CATTAN and A. BELLOTTI (Administrative Law, No. 5, May 2014, p. 29).

The Arbitrability of EU Competition Law Disputes Revisited: Support from the Continent > G. WADE (ECLR, Vol. 35, Issue 6, p. 310)

8.2. Sanction Policy - Clemency - Settlement - Undertakings

Case law and decision-making practice - The communiqué on the method for determining financial penalties validated without reservation by the Paris Court of Appeal: or soft law on the free wheel > E. CLAUDEL (RTD com. 2014, p. 78)

Penalty for non-compliance and network logic (EU Trib., 6 Feb. 2014) > L. IDOT (Europe No. 4, April 2014, p. 30).

A new illustration of the decentralised application of Articles 101 and 102 TFEU within the European Competition Network: the European Commission may take no action on a complaint alleging non-compliance with a decision to accept commitments on the grounds that a national competition authority has already intervened to sanction the unlawful conduct criticised.

I’m an immunity applicant, get me out of here: joint and several liability revisited. > L. GUTTUSO (Global Competition Litigation Review, Vol. 7, Issue 2/2014, p. 94)

All Settled? Some six years of cartel settlement > A.-L. HINDS (ECLR, Vol. 35, Issue 6, p. 292)

8.3. Actions for damages

Remedies and anti-competitive practices: the home stretch > L. IDOT (Europe, May 2014, No. 5, alert 18)

Class actions: France is finally catching up - Law no. 2014-344 of 17 March 2014 on consumer affairs > NO SPECIAL PUBLICATION UNDER THE SCIENTIFIC DIRECTORATE OF OZAN AKYUREK (Small posters, March 25, 2014, No. 60, p. 3)

V. also, Presentation of the law of 17 March 2014 relating to consumption, Proceedings of the colloquium organised in Strasbourg under the scientific direction of N. RZEPECKI and J. LASSERRE CAPDEVILLE, and especially the intervention of P. HILT (Gaz. Pal.., 20-24 April 2014, Nos110-114, p. 28); Law on Consumer Affairs: the class action (BRDA, 31 March 2014, No 6, p. 11); The new class action as seen by a lawyer, E. RASKIN (BRDA, 31 March 2014, No 6, p. 15); Law of 17 March 2014: new measures to protect the consumer, C. AUBERT DE VINCELLES and N. SAUPHANOR-BROUILLAUD (D , 17 April 2014, No 15, p. 879); Les actions de groupe... avant les actions de groupe, E. JOUFFIN (Banque & Droit, March-April 2014, No 154, p. 3); L’introduction de l’action de groupe en droit français, D. MAINGUY and M. DEPINCE (JCP éd. E, No 12, 20 March 2014, 1144, p. 21); La nouvelle action de groupe, V. REBEYROL (D., No. 16, 1 May 2014, p. 940); L’exorbitance de l’action de groupe à la française, N. MOLFESSIS (D., No. 16, 1 May 2014, p. 947); L’exorbitance de l’action de groupe à la française, N. MOLFESSIS (D., No. 16, 1 May 2014, p. 947); L’exorbitance de l’action de groupe à la française, N. MOLFESSIS (D., No. 16, 1 May 2014, p. 947)

Consumer law: the wise men have decided (About Cons. const., March 13, 2014) > V. LEGRAND (Small posters, April 25, 2014, No. 83, p. 7)

EU Commission proposes new measures re private actions for damages and collective actions > F. MURPHY (ECLR, 5 2014, p. 223)

ECJ’s judgments in "EnBW" and "Donau Chemie" and the unsolved problems of access to the file > C. HUMMER and M. CYWINSKI (Global Competition Litigation Review, Vol. 7, Issue 2/2014, p. 115)

9. Regulations

Liberalized Markets Chronicle > S. DEPRE, E. DE LOPHEM, D. SCHRIJVERS and P. VERNET (JDE, April 2014, No. 208, p. 161)

Taxis vs. smartphones - Transport law to protect VTC, carpooling and car sharing > D. BROUSSOLLE (JCP ed. G, No. 6, Feb. 10, 2014, 156, p. 242)

Transparency centres for energy and fuel markets: a German way to regulate consumer prices > L. NICOLAS-VULLIERME (JCP ed. E, No. 11, 13 March 2014, 183, p. 5)

The end of regulated tariffs is a concern > P. Terzian (Europ Energies, No 143, April 2014, p. 1)

A wind of impartiality is still blowing over regulatory law: The reform of public broadcasting has been the occasion to set up an independent rapporteur within the CSA. A model for other regulatory authorities? > H. DELZANGLES (AJDA, No. 18, 26 May 2014, p. 1021)

Calling circles: network competition with nonuniform calling patters > S. HOERNIG, R. INDERST and T. VALLETTI (RAND Journal of Economics, Vol. 45, Issue 1, pp. 155-175)

10. International policy

Competition Policy Chronicle >N. JALABERT-DOURY, J. FOURQUET, A. TERCINET, J.-M. BLUTEL and T. SCHREPEL (RDAI/IBLJ, 1/2014, p. 83)

This column is devoted to the analysis of international competition law news. As usual, it covers the latest developments in Community competition law, but also in national laws, not forgetting international developments in the field.

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Alain Ronzano, Bastien Thomas, Emmanuel Frot, Mathilde Brabant, Christelle Adjémian, Competition journals: April - June 2014, September 2014, Concurrences N° 3-2014, Art. N° 67542, pp. 250-254

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