DOCTRINES : DROIT DE LA CONCURRENCE - EFFICIENCE ECONOMIQUE - ETATS-UNIS - CONSENSUS - DIFFICULTES - CONCEPTS ALTERNATIFS - INSTITUTIONS EUROPEENNES - NOTION DE CHOIX - ABUS DE POSITION DOMINANTE

Freedom of choice: The emergence of a powerful concept in European competition law

Les trente dernières années ont vu l’usage progressif du droit de la concurrence comme instrument destiné à améliorer l’efficacité économique au sein de la société. Mais ce standard, qui provient des Etats-Unis, ne résout pas toutes les difficultés liées à la concurrence sur les marchés. Par ailleurs, il n’est pas accepté dans le monde entier - ce qui est un inconvénient majeur à une époque où la valeur des règles dépend souvent de leur capacité à susciter un certain consensus au sein des nations. Dans le concert des initiatives permettant de dégager des concepts alternatifs, nous épinglons l’attention croissante accordée à la notion de "choix" par les institutions européennes dans la jurisprudence en matière de concurrence, particulièrement la jurisprudence relative à l’article 102 TFUE (abus de position dominante).

1. Is Europe engaging on a path leading to the transformation of its competition policy? 2. In the last years, the European Commission has adopted landmark decisions placing to the foreground a concept that had so far gained limited attention – the concept of choice, that is, the possibility, and the right, for customers, to choose freely the products/services best corresponding to their needs, and the economic partners they want to deal with. 3. That new approach has not been limited to decisions issued by that institution but has also been adopted by the European courts, i.e. the General Court and the Court of justice, which, within the Union, have the highest authority to interpret European law, including the rules of competition. 4. The consequence may be a radical

Access to this article is restricted to subscribers

Already Subscribed? Sign-in

Access to this article is restricted to subscribers.

Read one article for free

Sign-up to read this article for free and discover our services.

 

PDF Version

Author

  • General Court of the European Union (Luxembourg)

Quotation

Paul Nihoul, Freedom of choice: The emergence of a powerful concept in European competition law, September 2012, Concurrences Review N° 3-2012, Art. N° 48102, pp. 55-70

Visites 699

All reviews