Competition journals: April - June 2011

This section of the review Concurrences selects articles and working papers on themes related to competition laws and economics, mainly, but not only, in the English and French languages. This compilation does not attempt to be exhaustive but rather a survey on themes important in the area. The survey usually covers publications over the last three months after release of the latest issue of Concurrences. Articles and working papers published on the Internet only are also welcome. Authors, editors and publishers are welcome to send their papers to aronzano@ccip.fr for review in this section. A list of the reviewed journals appears on the website: www.concurrences.com.

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1. General - Scope of application

Antitrust Economics of Free, D. Evans (Competition Policy International, 2011, vol. 7, no. 1).

Evans explores the implications for competition policy of the existence of goods given free to consumers. These goods have multiplied with the development of the internet: search engines, software, operating systems, social networking sites, etc. These goods are problematic for classical competition analysis. How, indeed, to implement a test SSNIP when the price is zero, or to define market shares on the basis of sales value? Evans shows that the presence of free goods should signal that the market analysis cannot be limited to the product in question. Indeed, a company chooses to distribute a free good only if it can sell another good related to the free product. The market definition must therefore always consider this second good and understand the links between the two products in order to reach relevant conclusions. Evans derives from this observation useful recommendations for all those confronted with cases involving products distributed free of charge.

On the role of empirical industrial organization in competition policy , P. Davis (International Journal of Industrial Organization, Vol. 29, 2011, Issue 3, pp. 323-328).

Peter Davis, the Deputy Chairman of the UK Competition Commission, examines in this article the role of empirical industrial economics in competition policy. He notes that the theoretical literature in industrial economics has had a major impact on competition authorities by influencing many guidelines. However, applied, empirical research has had a more limited influence, although it may have been very useful in some specific cases. Davis provides a comprehensive overview to explain this relative separation between applied research and competition policy enforcement and suggests ways to address it.

L’année 2010 en droit de la concurrence - Actes du colloque AFEC du 3 mars 2011 , L. Idot, M.-C. Mitchell, E. Claudel, N. Petit, D. Bosco, M. Cousin, and P. Spilliaert (Contrats, conc., consom. juin 2011, Dossier 1 à 6, p. 5)

Les règles de concurrence applicables aux entreprises , T. Fouquet, V. Giacobbo-Peyronnel and J. Sladic (JDE, No. 178, Apr. 2011, p. 101).

Safeguard proceedings and competition: consummated divorce (in connection with the "Cœur Défense" case), L. Arcelin Lécuyer (D. 2 June 2011, No 21, Chron., p. 1441).

Activity of the Cour de cassation and the Conseil d’État in competition law (December 2010 to March 2011) , P. Arhel (Petites affiches, 26 May 2011, No. 104, p. 3)

Activity of the Paris Court of Appeal in the field of anti-competitive practices (July 2010 to January 2011) , P. Arhel (Petites affiches, 20 Apr. 2011, n° 78, p. 5)

Activity of the Community courts in competition law (November to December 2010) (January to February 2011) , P. Arhel (Petites affiches, 4 May 2011, No 88, p. 6; Petites affiches, 20 June 2011, No 121, p. 8)

Chronique Concurrence , L. Idot (Europe, May 2011, comm. 177-183, p. 31).

Chronique Droit de la Concurrence , L. Idot et C. Prieto (RDC 2011/02, Apr. 2011, p. 479)

Chronique Concurrence, M. Bazex, D. Bosco, G. Decocq, and C. Prébissy-schnall (Contracts, conc., consom. Apr. 2011, comm. 96 to 101; May 2011 comm. 119 to 125; June 2011 comm. 144 to 146, p. 45)

Chronique de droit économique, C. Mathonnière (RLDA May 2011, 60, n° 3437 to 3442, p. 45)

Chronique Concurrence, (RJDA, May 2011, p. 438; June 2011, p. 542)

Chronique droit de la concurrence, J. Philippe and M. Trabucchi (Gaz. Pal. 7 May 2011, No. 127, p. 15)

Chronique Droit de la concurrence, G. Decocq and A. Laquièze (JCP éd. E, n° 16-17, 21 Apr. 2011, 1325, p. 32)

Chronique Aides d’État, M. Dony (JDE, n° 179, May 2011, p. 137)

Chronique des aides publiques - 2010 , T. Fouquet (RUE, n°549, June 2011, p. 403)

One year of European Union law on public procurement, W. Zimmer (Contracts, contracts publ. June 2011, No. 6, p. 6)

Did we avoid historical failures of antitrust enforcement during the 2008-2009 financial crisis? D. Crane (Antitrust Law Journal, Vol. 77 (2011), Issue 1, p. 219).

Antitrust compliance programmes? - can companies and antitrust agencies do more? A. Riley and M. Bloom (Competition Law Journal, March 2011, p. 21).

Lightening up on Market Definition, D. Evans (CPI Antitrust Chronicle, June 2011)

Innovation Market Theory and Practice: An Analysis and Proposal for Reform, K. Bernard (Competition Policy International, Vol. 7 (2011), No. 1)

Antitrust: A Good Deal for All in Times of Globalization and Recession, B. Lasserre (Competition Policy International, Vol. 7 (2011), No. 1 p. 245)

2. Agreements

2.1. General

European Commission: new guidelines but few surprises, K. Schallenberg (Petites affiches, 17 June 2011, No. 120, p. 4)

On Anti-Competitive Arrangements in Joint Ventures: The Position of the U.S. Supreme Court, V. Forti (Contracts, Conc., Consumer Apr. 2011, Studies 8)

Eight Important Questions on Standards under EU Competition Law, J. Temple Lang (Competition Law International, vol. 7 (2011), issue 1, p. 32).

2.2. Distribution

The practices of large-scale food distribution, D. de Gramont, J.-F. Tessler, D. Ferrier and N. Namade (Cah. dr. entr., n° 2, March-April 2011, Round Table, 2, p. 9) Four trade and distribution specialists give us their point of view on the two opinions issued on December 7, 2011 by the French Competition Authority in the food retailing sector, Opinion No. 10 A 26 relating to affiliation agreements of independent shops and the terms and conditions of acquisition of commercial land in the food retailing sector and Opinion No. 10 A 25 relating to "category management" contracts between food-dominated retail operators and some of their suppliers. We will read more particularly the exchanges concerning affiliation contracts at the time when the National Assembly begins to examine Bill No. 3508 strengthening the rights, protection and information of consumers, Article 1 of which aims precisely to implement the recommendations made by the Competition Authority by giving freedom to the self-employed so as to make the market more fluid by facilitating, on a regular basis, the possibility of changing brands.

La pratique de l’autorité française de concurrence en matière de restrictions verticales, L. Idot (C & R - Revista de concorrência e regulação, Dec. 2010, n° 4, p. 139)

This paper reviews the recent decision-making practice of the Competition Authority (Adlc) in the field of vertical restraints. In the field of widely understood distribution, French practice obviously follows the rules of the European Union. However, as many of the cases dealt with are national in scope (more than fifty decisions adopted since 1 May 2004), the experience of the Adlc is broader and richer than that of the Commission. The main examples concern the development of a specific standard of proof for minimum price maintenance, the treatment of restrictions on resale on the internet and the cumulative effect of exclusivities in the field of new technologies. In addition, the French example illustrates the difficulties of dealing with the specific issues of buyer power both through specific tools such as Title IV of the French law on restrictive practices or through the usual tools of competition law, such as merger control. The competition authority has decided to develop its advisory activity and has in fact issued very important opinions in this area.

Pierre Fabre case: the Advocate General of the CJEU delivers his long-awaited conclusions, N. Contis and L. Mespouilles (Contracts, conc., consom. June 2011, Focus 51, p. 2)

Chronicle Distribution and protection of the competitor, M. Malaurie-Vignal and N. Mathey (Contracts, conc., consom. May 2011, comm. 113 to 118; June 2011 comm. 138 to 143, p. 40)

The tenuous evolution of resale price maintenance, M. Velez (European Competition Law Review, vol. 32 (2011), issue 6, p. 297)

Recent developments in selective distribution, M. Velez (European Competition Law Review, vol. 32 (2011), issue 5, p. 242)

3. Abuse of dominance

Practical Aspects of Aftermarkets in European Competition Law, J. Temple Lang (Competition Policy International, vol. 7 (2011), No. 1, p. 199).

Very detailed article reviewing European decision-making practice and case law on secondary markets, with a focus on US law.

Buyer Power and the "Waterbed Effect", R. Inderst and T. M. Valletti (Journal of Industrial Economics, 59(1))

Electronic communications in the Reunion-Mayotte area: there is no emergency! Mr. Chagny (Comm., Elect. Com., June 2011, No. 6, Comm. 54)

Excessive prices within EU Competition Law, L. Hou (European Competition Journal, vol. 7, no. 1, p. 47).

Some aspects of price squeeze within the EU: a case law analysis, L. Hou (European Competition Law Review, Vol. 32 (2011), issue 5, p. 250).

4. Restrictive practices

Anti-competitive effects of resale-below-cost laws, M.L. Allain and C. Chambolle (International Journal of Industrial Organization, 29, pp. 373-385)

This article examines the effects of laws prohibiting resale at a loss to distributors, such as the Galland law in France. The authors use a theoretical model of price determination within a vertical chain of suppliers and distributors who, in addition to choosing their prices, negotiate back margins. They contrast the different market equilibria obtained under different regimes: without price restrictions, with the imposition of a resale price, or with a prohibition on resale at a loss (definition of a floor price that does not prohibit selling at a price above the floor). The authors show that prices under a prohibition on resale below cost are higher than under a resale price maintenance regime or without any price restrictions. Moreover, it appears that suppliers see their profits increase under a floor price regime, as do producers if their bargaining power vis-à-vis suppliers is high. Finally, the prohibition of resale below cost has stronger anti-competitive effects than the imposition of the resale price, with higher prices, and this effect increases with the market power of the distributors. In conclusion, the authors note that laws prohibiting resale at a loss, which are supposed to protect competition, can result in price increases, which seems to be the case for the Galland Act.

Constitutionality of the power conferred on the Minister of the Economy to put an end to practices restricting competition , A. M. Luciani (JCP éd. G, No. 25, 20 June 2011, 717, p. 1199).

See also, in connection with the QPC decision of the Constitutional Council of 13 May 2011, QPC sur l’action du ministre contre les pratiques restrictives de concurrence, A. Berg Moussa (JCP éd. E, No. 21-22, 26 May 2011, Échos de la pratique 278, p. 5).

La nature de la responsabilité du fait de la rupture brutale des relations commerciales établies : une controverse jurisprudentielle à résoudre, D. Mainguy (D. 9 juin 2011, n° 22, Point de vue, p. 1495)

L’évaluation du préjudice en cas de rupture brutale d’une relation commerciale établie, N. Mathey (JCP éd. E, n° 18, 5 May 2011, 1345, p. 32)

5. Concentrations

Merger control in the European Union and the United States : Just the Facts, M.A. Bergman and others. (European Competition Journal, Vol. 7, No. 1)

The use of surveys in merger and competition analysis, S. Hurley (Journal of Competition Law and Economics, issue 1, vol. 7 (2011) p. 45).

Le contrôle des concentrations moyen de développer la concurrence dans les appels d’offres publics (note sous Adlc, déc. n° 10-DCC-198, 30 déc. 2010), M. Bazex (D. Adm. n° 4, avr. 2011, p. 26)

Michel Bazex comments on the now famous decision relating to the Véolia Transdev merger in a sector where purchasing services are regulated by the provisions relating to public procurement, involving calls for tenders. As the author notes, the Competition Authority has been able to adapt the undertakings of the companies to the specificities and structure of these markets in order to ensure more effective competition. It is for this reason that the Authority has favoured, in addition to the classic commitment to sell assets, the creation of a fund to encourage competitors to participate in calls for tenders, but also the prohibition of group bids or the non-acquisition of assets.

Challenges in Merger Simulation Analysis, C. R. Knittel and K. Metaxoglou (American Economic Review, 101(3), p. 56 59)

Merger simulations with observed diversion ratios, L. Mathiesen, Ø. Nilsen and L. Sørgard (International Review of Law and Economics, 31, p. 83 91)

6. State aid

Views on the principle of the private investor in a market economy. On the latest developments in case law, J. Derenne and C. Kaczmarek (JDE, No. 177, March 2011, p. 61)

7. Public sector and competition

The European roots of the new French electricity market organisation - About the law n° 2010-1488 of 7 December 2010 on the new organisation of the electricity market, L. Grard (Europe, March 2011, Study 3, p. 5)

8. Procedures

8.1. General

Implementation of Articles 101 and 102 TFEU, the VEBIC judgment of the CJEU , C. Prieto (JDI Clunet, No 2 2011, Apr-June 2011, p. 553).

Beyond the conclusion of the CJEU concerning the right conferred on the Belgian competition authority, by virtue of the principle of effectiveness, to intervene as a party before the court of appeal to defend one of its decisions, the author analyses the consequences of this decision in the light of French procedural rules. She thus considers that our rules will have to be adapted in order to grant the Competition Authority all the rights of a party to proceedings before the Paris Court of Appeal.

See also, "VEBIC" Judgment: the participation of competition authorities in appeals against their decisions, T. Hennen (EDJ, No. 179, May 2011, p. 133).

But also,Case C 439/08, Vlaamse federatie van verenigingen van Brood- en Banketbakkers, IJsbereiders en Chocoladebewerkers (VEBIC), Judgment of the European Court of Justice (Grand Chamber) of 7 December 2010, , M. J. Frese(Common Market Law Review, vol. 48 (2011), Issue 3, pp. 893-906)

The appeal of the decisions of the Competition Authority, O. Ancelin and I. Ancelin. Fossati Kotz (JCP ed. E, No. 24, 16 June 2011, 1458, p. 30)

Non-advertising and in camera proceedings in contentious administrative proceedings, R. Gueguen (RRJ-Droit prospectif, 2010-4, p. 1915)

Imputabilité... qui joue l’arlésienne , J. Buhart (JCP éd. G, n° 17, 25 Apr. 2011, Le mot de la semaine 504, p. 836)

Case C 440/07 P, Schneider Electric SA v. Commission, Judgment of the European Court of Justice (Grand Chamber) of 16 th July 2009, B. Grzeszick (Common Market Law Review, vol. 48 (2011), Issue 3, pp. 907-923)

8.2. Sanction policy - Clemency - Settlement - Undertakings - Damages actions

Press release of 16 May 2011 from the Competition Authority on the method for determining financial penalties, P. Arhel (JCP éd. E, No. 21-22, 26 May 2011, 279, p. 9).

See also, with regard to the "sanctions" communiqué of the Competition Authority, the Interview with Bruno Lasserre (D. 23 June 2011, No. 24, p. 1672); Determination of sanctions in competition law: the debate has begun, E. Claudel (RTD com . janv.-march 2011, Chron., p. 70).

Class actions: a quest for harmonisation... within the European Commission, C. Prieto (RTD eur. 1/2011, n° 47, January-March 2011, editorial, p. 1)

Les procédures négociées en droit français des pratiques anticoncurrentielles , S. Grandvuillemin (JCP éd. E, n° 18, 5 May 2011, 1344, p. 19)

Europe’s Long March Towards Antitrust Damages Actions, R. O’Donoghue (CPI Antitrust Chronicle, April 2011)

Competition law violations and private enforcement: forum shopping strategies , P. Krauskopf (Global Competition Litigation Review, Issue 4 (1) (2011))

Judicial Review and the Rule of Law in the EU Competition Law Regime after Alrosa, F. Cengiz (European Competition Journal, Vol. 7, No. 1)

EU cartel settlements in practice - the future of EU cartel law enforcement? U. Soltesz (European Competition Law Review, vol. 32 (2011), issue 5)

8.3. Criminal policy

Extradition: The New Sword or the Mouse that Roared ? J. A. Wilson (Antitrust Source, April 2011)

Analysing the extradition of Ian Norris - the former UK managing director of a FTSE 250 listed company - to the United States (in the context of the carbon and graphite products cartel), the author concludes that the risk of criminal antitrust proceedings in the United States has, admittedly, increased for foreign nationals, but that there are still too many legal obstacles for such a risk to be significant.

9. Regulations

Competition between exchanges: A research agenda, E. Cantillon and P L. Yin (International Journal of Industrial Organization, 29, pp. 329-336).

Cantillon and Yin’s article provides a very clear summary of the economics of competition as applied to financial exchanges. The field is in full development not only at the academic level, but also in the news of competition policy, with numerous mergers between financial exchanges in recent years. The most recent, between NYSE-Euronext and Deutsche Börse, is currently being examined by the European Commission. The authors argue that the specificity of financial exchanges requires a new analytical framework, while competition authorities and public authorities tend to use traditional tools. In particular, they show that a good understanding of traders’ motivations makes it possible to better anticipate the effects of market structure on the level of competition. This would allow recommendations to be made for effective regulation and guide the interventions of competition authorities.

La loi NOME : l’interventionnisme au secours de la concurrence , Y. Simonnet (RLDA May 2011, n° 60, 3453, p. 67)

La régulation de l’organisation des paris et des jeux en relation avec les compétitions et manifestations sportives (ss. CE, 30 March 2011, Sté Betclic Entreprises Limited ), M. Bazex (D. Adm. n° 6, June 2011, p. 51)

See also, The Merger of Gaming Advisory Bodies through the Creation of the Gaming Advisory Committee: A Missed Opportunity (D. Adm. No. 6, June 2011, p. 53)

La mise en place de la régulation sectorielle , M. Bazex (D. Adm. n° 5, May 2011, p. 51)

Commenting on the opinion delivered by the Competition Authority, which was consulted by ARCEP on the 3rd round of analysis of the wholesale broadband and very high-speed broadband markets, the author recalls the framework and conditions for regulatory intervention in a competitive world.

Payment Card Regulation and the Use of Economic Analysis in Antitrust, J. Tirole (Competition Policy International, 7(1))

On this subject, which is a hot topic for banks and the Competition Authority, Jean Tirole clarifies the economic mechanisms governing interbank fees related to payment cards and draws conclusions for the regulation of these fees, emphasising in particular the role of the tourist test. He shows how, on a complex subject, economics provides a useful analytical framework for regulatory policies.

10. International policy

Divergent approaches to competition between, essentially, the US Supreme Court and the Court of Justice of the European Union, C. Mosseri-Marlio (RUE, No. 548, May 2011, p. 302).

It had been a long time since an author had dealt with comparative competition law! The article retraces the reasons for the creation of the two institutions and their modes of operation, in particular the rules of procedure and administration of evidence, which may thus explain certain substantive differences in the field of competition and intellectual property.

Merger Control in the European Union and the United States : Just the Facts, M. A. Bergman, M. A. Bergman, M. B. Coate, M. Jakobsson, S. W. Ulrick (European Competition Journal, 7(1), pp. 89-125)

The authors conduct a comparison of merger treatment in the United States and the European Union. Their study is based on thousands of notifications in the US and Europe. The article takes a competition policy enforcement perspective by observing the decisions of competition authorities on both sides of the Atlantic. It highlights the many similarities between the US and European regimes, but also some interesting differences. Some of the preconceived notions about the differences between Europe and the United States are not borne out by the review of decisions, while others are. The article is descriptive and confines itself to the most directly observable aspects of the procedures (phase I vs. phase II, market shares, horizontal or vertical mergers, remedies, unilateral or coordinated effects) but offers a comprehensive, factual overview of merger decisions.


LIST OF JOURNALS REVIEWED

A.

LEGAL NEWS - ADMINISTRATIVE LAW (AJDA)

NEWS FROM THE NETWORK INDUSTRIES IN EUROPE

ADMINISTRATION AND TERRITORIAL COLLECTIVITIES

AMERICAN ECONOMIC REVIEW

AMERICAN LAW AND ECONOMIC REVIEW

ECONOMIC ANALYSES

ANTITRUST

(THE) ANTITRUST BULLETIN

ANTITRUST LAW JOURNAL

SOURCE ANTITRUST

B.

BANK

BERKELEY TECHNOLOGY LAW JOURNAL

NATIONAL ASSEMBLY GAZETTE

ILEC NEWSLETTER

RAPID BUSINESS LAW BULLETIN (BRDA)

C.

(LES) CAHIERS DE DROIT EUROPEEN

CORPORATE LAW BOOKLETS (FROM THE LAW WEEK)

CHICAGO LAW REVIEW (UNIVERSITY OF)

COMMON MARKET LAW REVIEW

COMMUNICATION - ELECTRONIC COMMERCE

COMMUNICATION & STRATEGIES

COMPETITION AND REGULATION IN NETWORK INDUSTRIES

INTERNATIONAL COMPETITION POLICY

COMPETITION POLICY NEWSLETTER

COMUTER AND TELECOMMUNICATIONS LAW REVIEW

PUBLIC CONTRACTS AND PROCUREMENT

CONTRACTS-COMPETITION-CONSUMER

GOVERNMENT CONTRACTS

CORNELL LAW REVIEW

D.

ADMINISTRATIVE LAW

PROCUREMENT LAW

COMPANY LAW

CRIMINAL LAW

E.

(LES) ECHOS/ ISSUES LES ECHOS

ECONOMIC INTUITION

(THE) ECONOMIST

EMORY LAW JOURNAL

EUROPE

(THE) EUROPEAN ANTITRUST REVIEW

EUROPEAN COMPETITION JOURNAL

EUROPEAN COMPETITION LAW REVIEW

EUROPEAN INTELLECTUAL PROPERY REVIEW

EUROPEAN LAW REPORTER

EUROPEAN LAW REVIEW

EUROPEAN VOICE

F.

FAIR TRADING

FORDHAM LAW REVIEW

G.

(THE) PALACE GAZETTE

GLOBAL ANTITRUST WEEKLY

GLOBAL COMPETITION REVIEW

H.

HARVARD LAW REVIEW

I.

INSTITUTE ANTITRUST LAW AND POLICY FORDHAM CLI

INTERNAT. COMPANY AND COMMERCIAL LAW REVIEW

INTERNAT. ENERGY LAW AND TAXATION REVIEW

INTERNAT. JOURNAL OF INDUSTRIAL ORGANIZATION

INTERNAT. TRADE LAW AND REGULATION

J.

COURT JOURNAL. EUROPEAN LAW

INTERNATIONAL LAW JOURNAL CLUNET

JOURNAL OF INTERNAT. BANKING LAW AND REGULATION

JOURNAL OF COMPETITION LAW AND ECONOMICS

JOURNAL OF ECONOMIC LITERATURE

JOURNAL OF ECONOMIC PERSPECTIVES

JOURNAL OF INDUSTRIAL ECONOMICS

JOURNAL OF LAW AND ECONOMICS

JOURNAL OF LAW ECONOMICS & ORGANIZATION

JOURNAL OF LEGAL STUDIES

JOURNAL OF REGULATORY ECONOMICS

K.

L.

ECONOMIC LAW

LAMY PUBLIC BUSINESS LAW

M.

(THE) MONITOR (OF PUBLIC WORKS AND BUILDING)

N.

NORTHWESTERN JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL LAW AND BUSINESS

O.

OREGON LAW REVIEW

P.

(THE) SMALL POSTERS

ECONOMIC PROBLEMS

PROCEDURES

INDUSTRIAL PROPERTY

Q.

R.

RAND JOURNAL OF ECONOMICS

DALLOZ COLLECTION

REVIEW OF ECONOMICS AND STATISTICS

JOURNAL OF POLITICAL ECONOMY

JOURNAL OF INDUSTRIAL ECONOMICS

JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS LAW

CASE LAW REVIEW

CASE LAW REVIEW OF BUSINESS LAW

OECD REVIEW ON COMPETITION LAW AND POLICY

COMPETITION AND CONSUMER REVIEW

ENERGY REVIEW

LEGAL RESEARCH JOURNAL - PROSPECTIVE LAW

JOURNAL OF CRIMINAL SCIENCE AND COMPARATIVE LAW

EUROPEAN BUSINESS REVIEW

CONTRACT REVIEW

REVIEW OF COLLECTIVE PROCEDURES

PUBLIC LAW REVIEW

REVIEW OF THE COMMON MARKET AND THE EUROPEAN UNION

EUROPEAN UNION LAW REVIEW

(THE) ECONOMIC JOURNAL

ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL JOURNAL

FRENCH ADMINISTRATIVE LAW JOURNAL

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF COMPARATIVE LAW

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ECONOMIC LAW.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF COMPETITION

PUBLIC ENTERPRISE LAW REVIEW

LAMY COMPETITION REVIEW

LAMY DROIT DE L’IMMATERIEL MAGAZINE

LAMY BUSINESS LAW REVIEW

QUARTERLY CIVIL LAW REVIEW

QUARTERLY REVIEW OF COMMERCIAL AND ECONOMIC LAW

QUARTERLY REVIEW OF EUROPEAN LAW

S.

LEGAL WEEK - COMPANY EDITION

LEGAL WEEK - GENERAL EDITION

T.

TEXAS INTERNATIONAL LAW REVIEW

TULANE LAW REVIEW

U.

(THE) NEW PLANT

V.

W.

WORLD COMPETITION

X.

Y.

YALE LAW JOURNAL

YALE JOURNAL OF INTERNAT. LAW

Z.

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Quotation

Alain Ronzano, Bastien Thomas, Emmanuel Frot, Christelle Adjémian, Competition journals: April - June 2011, September 2011, Concurrences N° 3-2011, Art. N° 37076, pp. 241-245

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