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Refusing to grant antitrust immunity: The US Supreme Court reverses and remands a case where the national football league and its 32 member teams had granted an exclusive license for the manufacture of caps, refusing to grant antitrust immunity considering that the league and its members do not possess the unitary decisionmaking quality nor the single aggregation of economic power characteristic of independent action and considers that the case should be rejudged under the rule of reason (American Needle ; National Football League)

US Supreme Court, 24 May 2010, American Needle v. National Football League, N° 08-661 Fait relativement peu fréquent, le 24 mai 2010, la Cour Suprême des États-Unis a rendu, en une vingtaine de pages, un arrêt à l'unanimité (9/9). Cet arrêt vient préciser la définition des contours de l'entreprise en droit antitrust américain, en mettant fin aux accords globaux entre une ligue sportive et un équipementier, confirmant également l'applicabilité des règles de concurrence au domaine des produits dérivés des activités sportives, sous certaines conditions. Ce faisant, la Cour Suprême renverse un jugement de la Cour fédérale du District Nord de l'Illinois qui avait pourtant été confirmé par un arrêt de la Cour d'appel du Septième District (Chicago). L'une et l'autre avaient donné raison aux détenteurs des droits

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Frédérique Daudret-John, François Souty, Refusing to grant antitrust immunity: The US Supreme Court reverses and remands a case where the national football league and its 32 member teams had granted an exclusive license for the manufacture of caps, refusing to grant antitrust immunity considering that the league and its members do not possess the unitary decisionmaking quality nor the single aggregation of economic power characteristic of independent action and considers that the case should be rejudged under the rule of reason (American Needle ; National Football League), 24 May 2010, Concurrences N° 3-2010, Art. N° 31953, pp. 186-188

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