Causality - Presumption: The EU Court of Justice states that the causality’s presumption between the concerted practice and the market conduct must be applied by the national court (T‑Mobile Netherlands)

*This article is an automatic translation of the original article, provided here for your convenience. Read the original article. Five mobile phone operators participate in a single meeting concerning a reduction in the remuneration of subscription resellers, during which they exchange confidential information. The anti-competitive purpose of the meeting is clear: resellers' remuneration determines the price paid by the final consumer. But is there a concerted practice within the meaning of Article 81 EC? The concept of a concerted practice implies concerted action between the undertakings concerned,

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