INTERNATIONAL: HUNGARY - COMPETITION LAW AND POLICY - ENFORCEMENT - CONSUMER PROTECTION

Hungary: Topical issues in competition law enforcement

This article examines recent developments and topical matters in Hungarian competition law and policy, and its enforcement practice. Against a short historical and legal background the article discusses the current state of competition law enforcement, which has developed on the basis of a particular institutional model integrating certain consumer protection and the competition law enforcement powers. The current enforcement reveals a mixed picture of dominant reliance on consumer protection enforcement powers in, for example, digital markets and a restrained competition law enforcement due to various legislative developments in Hungary. The article argues that the Hungarian competition law and policy grew over the past two decades into a modern and solid competition law regime featuring a special institutional design housing both competition law and certain consumer law enforcement powers. Even though such an institutional setting has provided a fertile ground for the GVH to analyse market problems in a broader perspective and to explore and implement a broad range of enforcement tools and innovative enforcement mechanisms, over the years state intervention in markets grew to be unproportionate compared to the market failures. The article suggests a rebalancing of enforcement efforts and practices in order to better facilitate how future market structures could develop in Hungary and outside.

I. Introduction 1. This article discusses recent developments and topical issues in Hungarian competition law and policy and its enforcement practice. The article starts with a brief overview of the historical and legal background and moves on to discuss the current state of competition law enforcement. Having developed on the basis of a particular institutional model of integrating certain consumer protection and competition law enforcement powers the current enforcement reveals a mixed picture of dominant reliance on consumer protection enforcement powers in, for example, digital markets and a restrained competition law enforcement due to various legislative developments in Hungary. II. Historical background and the role of competition law 2. The 1980s and 1990s were the formative

Access to this article is restricted to subscribers

Already Subscribed? Sign-in

Access to this article is restricted to subscribers.

Read one article for free

Sign-up to read this article for free and discover our services.

 

PDF Version

Author

Quotation

Katalin J. Cseres, Hungary: Topical issues in competition law enforcement, May 2021, Concurrences N° 2-2021, Art. N° 100421, www.concurrences.com

Visites 442

All reviews