CASE COMMENTS: STATE AID – EUROPEAN UNION – RENEWABLE ENERGY – STATE RESOURCES

State resources: The Court of Justice of the European Union rules that funds financed through compulsory contributions imposed by the legislation of a Member State, managed and apportioned in accordance with the provisions of that legislation by a private entity are not to be regarded as State resources, and consequently annuls a judgment of the General Court of the European Union and a decision of the European Commission (EEG surcharge)

L’arrêt de la Cour du 28 mars 2019 concerne un système de soutien à l’énergie renouvelable. Il présente un intérêt important en ce qui concerne la notion de ressources d’État et en privilégie une conception restrictive qui ne semble pas exempte d’un certain formalisme. L’arrêt du Tribunal qu’il annule (Trib. UE, 10 mai 2016, Allemagne c/ Commission, aff. T-47/15, voir commentaire dans Concurrences n° 3-2016, p. 130) semblait s’inscrire dans une tendance jurisprudentielle consolidée s’attachant à la réalité du contrôle de l’État sur les ressources employées lors d’une intervention pour déterminer si elles constituaient ou non des ressources d’État. Il donnait une interprétation stricte de la jurisprudence PreussenElektra (CJUE, 13 mars 2001, aff. C-379/98). Ici, de manière quelque peu surprenante, la Cour prend

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Bruno Stromsky, State resources: The Court of Justice of the European Union rules that funds financed through compulsory contributions imposed by the legislation of a Member State, managed and apportioned in accordance with the provisions of that legislation by a private entity are not to be regarded as State resources, and consequently annuls a judgment of the General Court of the European Union and a decision of the European Commission (EEG surcharge) , 28 March 2019, Concurrences Review N° 2-2019, Art. N° 90443, pp. 125-127

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