CASE COMMENTS: CARTELS – FRANCE – STANDARD OF PROOF — FINES – PROPORTIONNALITY

Bid rigging: The Paris Court of Appeal rejects an appeal brought against an old bid-rigging case and brings clarifications with respect to standard of proof (Colas Rail)

*This article is an automatic translation of the original article, provided here for your convenience. Read the original article. Back to the past... here is indeed an old case, judged on the merits for the first time by the Court of Appeal almost 14 years after the facts and almost 8 years after the decision was referred, which brings back memories of the time when the Authority's decisions were not based mainly on statements and evidence obtained in the context of one or more leniency applications. The case which gave rise to the judgment under review has indeed been a rather long one, which should be briefly recalled before going into the substance of the analysis.

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Michel Debroux, Bid rigging: The Paris Court of Appeal rejects an appeal brought against an old bid-rigging case and brings clarifications with respect to standard of proof (Colas Rail), 9 February 2017, Concurrences N° 2-2017, Art. N° 83841, p. 92

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