LAW AND ECONOMY : CARTELS – SANCTIONS – RECIDIVISM – LENIENCY

Cartels in France: Economic analysis of their characteristics and sanctions

This paper presents a study of the cartels condemned by the French Competition Authority. It provides an analysis of their characteristics in terms of affected markets, organizational features and duration. Moreover, it studies the penalty policy of the French Competition Authority and estimates its degree of severity, regarding the illicit gain captured by the firms and the dissuasive objective of the fight against cartels. We compare our results to the findings of studies on European cartels.

*This article is an automatic translation of the original article, provided here for your convenience. Read the original article. Introduction 1. In December 2014, the Competition Authority issued an expected decision sanctioning two cartels between manufacturers of hygiene and cleaning products, which between 2003 and 2006 consisted in coordinating their commercial policy towards mass distribution and concerting on price increases. These two penalties, totalling a cumulative €950 million, are among the most significant imposed by the Authority to date. In December 2015, the Authority sanctioned two cartels in the courier sector (consisting mainly of concerted action between competitors on price increases). Numerous cartels are thus discovered and sanctioned by the Authority every

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Constance Monnier-Schlumberger, Anatole Hutin, Cartels in France: Economic analysis of their characteristics and sanctions, May 2016, Concurrences N° 2-2016, Art. N° 78825, pp. 45-61

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