As early as 1986, it appeared necessary to endow the French Competition Authority with the power to remedy situations of urgency and to restore quickly the conditions of competition on the merits. This article presents the pioneering role played by the French Competition Authority in the use of interim measures within the EU. This sustained use and the positive impact it has had in particular in emerging or recently opened markets is the result of a careful balance between a certain procedural plasticity and effective filtering mechanims. To maintain and prolong this success, the challenge we face is to conciliate a sophisticated effects-based analysis with a swift procedure, which is further constrained by the disproportionate means used by certain claimants during the procedure.
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