This study is a report of the new French Competition Authority’s first year of activity. It is based on the decisions and advices issued by the authority and on an "investigation", during which some users made observations, which they confronted to the initial objectives of the reform. This report covers all of the Authority’s fields of activity, that is to say merger control, antitrust as well as advices. The communication activity is also included.
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1. At the end of an institution's first year of activity, it is customary to make an initial assessment and to put it into perspective with initial expectations. The Competition Authority cannot escape this exercise, which is nevertheless difficult at such an early stage.
2. The slow pace of proceedings makes it difficult to distinguish the activity of the new Authority from that of the former Competition Council. The most relevant judgment criteria would be its impact on the economy and on behaviour: but this is problematic and these effects do not manifest themselves in a few months. A quantitative assessment (number of decisions, amount of sanctions, time