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In recent years, the price of electricity on the free market has risen in France as much as in our neighbours, while the costs of French production, mainly nuclear, have been only slightly affected by the rise in the price of fossil fuels. How can this apparent paradox be explained? Should we blame liberalisation and strengthen public price regulation, or, on the contrary, should we invoke the inadequacy of competition and place our hopes in the pursuit of liberalisation and European integration?
Based on an analysis of the French market, David Spector shows that these positions are both erroneous and evaluates the different possible policies to deal with "nuclear rent".