Cartel - Proof : The French Competition Council clarifies the conditions required to prove the acceptance of a participation to a collusion (Appareils de chauffage)

*This article is an automatic translation of the original article, provided here for your convenience. Read the original article. Competition Council, Decision No. 06-D-03, March 9, 2006, Heating, Plumbing, Sanitary and Air-Conditioning Sector In a decision of 9 March 2006, the Competition Council imposed sanctions on sixty-nine companies specialising in the trade or manufacture of heating appliances, sanitary ceramics and fittings, as well as on seven trade associations of manufacturers, wholesalers and installers. These operators are fined a cumulative amount of EUR 26.2 million for having implemented, between 1993 and 1998, anti-competitive horizontal and vertical cartels aimed at foreclosing large DIY stores (GSB) such as Leroy-Merlin, Castorama, Monsieur Bricolage or Bricorama,

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