*This article is an automatic translation of the original article, provided here for your convenience. Read the original article. The origins of competition law lie in the desire to resolve the social question, that is, the problem that arises in a democratic society when the majority of the people participate in the creation of wealth but are excluded, for the most part, from its distribution. We are at the end of the 19th century in the United States, a time when the unprecedented increase in inequality (with the appearance of the first very large companies and the first billionaires) threatens not only the cohesion of American society and the republican form of its government, but also the American dream itself of a citizen living with dignity from the fruits of his independent work.

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