ARTICLE: EUROPEAN COMPETITION LAW - PROCEDURAL RIGHTS - EUROPEAN UNION - MEMBER STATES - EFFECTIVE ENFORCEMENT

Fundamental Procedural Rights and Effective Enforcement of Articles 101 and 102 TFEU in the European Competition Network

This paper deals with the fundamental procedural rights of companies that are targeted in the enforcement of Articles 101 and 102 TFEU by the European Commission or the competition authorities of the EU Member States. The paper first provides a (non-exhaustive) list of such rights as applicable to the enforcement of Articles 101 and 102 TFEU by the European Commission, and explains the source of these fundamental rights in the EU legal order. The paper then examines the relationship between fundamental procedural rights and effective enforcement of Articles 101 and 102 TFEU. It argues that procedural rights often contribute to effective enforcement, but not always. The interplay between fundamental rights of legal persons and competition enforcement remains a balancing exercise, and this balancing exercise is not the same as in traditional criminal law. Finally, the paper examines the question whether or to what extent EU Member States can, for the enforcement of Articles 101 and 102 TFEU by their national competition authorities, provide for a lower or a higher level of procedural rights than the level of fundamental procedural rights applicable to the enforcement of Articles 101 and 102 TFEU by the European Commission.

I. Introduction: Articles 101 and 102 TFEU and the European Competition Network Article 101 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU) prohibits agreements between undertakings that affect trade between EU Member States and restrict competition without redeeming virtue. Article 102 TFEU prohibits abuse of a dominant position within the EU internal market or in a substantial part of it. [1] Regulation 1/2003, [2] the main regulation giving effect to Articles 101 and Article 102 TFEU, entrusts both the European Commission and the competition authorities of the EU Member States (national competition authorities or NCAs), forming together the European Competition Network (ECN), with the task of pursuing infringements of Articles 101 and 102 TFEU. [3] II. Fundamental

Access to this article is restricted to subscribers

Already Subscribed? Sign-in

Access to this article is restricted to subscribers.

Read one article for free

Sign-up to read this article for free and discover our services.

 

PDF Version

Author

  • European Commission (Brussels)

Quotation

Wouter Wils, Fundamental Procedural Rights and Effective Enforcement of Articles 101 and 102 TFEU in the European Competition Network, February 2020, Concurrences N° 1-2020, Art. N° 93882, www.concurrences.com

Visites 118

All reviews