Competition journals: Oct. - Dec. 2015

This section of the review Concurrences selects articles and working papers on themes related to competition laws and economics, mainly, but not only, in the English and French languages. This compilation does not attempt to be exhaustive but rather a survey on themes important in the area. The survey usually covers publications over the last three months after release of the latest issue of Concurrences. Articles and working papers published on the Internet only are also welcome. Authors, editors and publishers are welcome to send their papers to for review in this section.

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1. General - Scope of application

The Macron law, "liberal" law? > D. Bosco (Contracts, conc., consom. oct. 2015, n° 10, Repère 9), V. also, V., Volet " concurrence " de la loi Macron pour la croissance, l’activité et l’égalité des chances économiques, P. Arhel (Petites affiches, 29 sept. 2015, n° 194, p. 7)

How to integrate the social parameter in the implementation of a competition law compliance program? > J. Catala-Marty and C. J. Catala-Marty and C. Fougea (International Journal of Compliance and Business Ethics, supplement to JCP ed. E, No. 41, 6 Oct. 2015, 95, p. 12).

Activity of the European Union courts in competition law (April 2015) > P. Arhel (Petites affiches, 14 Sept. 2015, n° 183, p. 7)

Special Issue: Behavioral Industrial Organization > M.D. Grubbs and V.J. Tremblay (eds) (Review of Industrial Organization,, 47, 3), see also, Special Issue: Antitrust and Regulatory Update, L-J. White (ed) (Review of Industrial Organization,, 47, 4)

Free movement of goods, freedom to provide services and freedom of establishment > E. Schwaller (Journal of European Law. Oct. 2015, No. 222, p. 339)

Confirming the economic approach in competition law: further "modernisation" - Competition Report 2013 > A. Coskun (European Union Review, Dec. 2015, No. 593, p. 618)

The principle of the primacy of Union law: what is the reality? > D. Ritleng (Revue de l’Union européenne, déc. 2015, n° 593, p. 630), See also, The future of primacy: the dialogue of judges? G. Marti (Revue de l’Union européenne, déc. 2015, n° 593, p. 638); Les 50 ans de l’arrêt Costa: de la primacy absolue au dialogue des juges? - Conclusions, J.-D. Mouton (Revue de l’Union européenne, déc. 2015, n° 593, p. 649); Dossier Costa v. Enel: round table on 50 years of the Costa judgment: from absolute primacy to dialogue between judges? G. Marti; Y. Petit; S. Van Raepenbusch and A. Vauchez (European Union Review; Oct-Nov. 2015, No. 592, p. 553).

The assessment of the effect on trade by the national competition authorities of the "new" Member States: Another legal partition of the Internal Market? > M. Botta, A. Svetlicinii and M. Bernatt (Common Market Law Review, Vol. 52 n° 5, October 2015)

The Tests of Illegality Under Articles 101 and 102 TFEU > P. Akman (forthcoming, Antitrust Bulletin, 2016)

The E-Commerce Sector Inquiry: Can It Stop National Competition Authorities from Adopting an Overly Restrictive Approach? > F. Carloni, S. S. Megregian and M. Bruneau (Journal of European Competition Law & Practice, Vol. 6, Issue 9, pp. 639-651)

Chronique Concurrence > L. Idot (Europe, August-Sept. 2015, No. 8-9, comm. 323 to 330, 342 to 346; Oct. 2015, No. 10, comm. 373 to 381, 394 to 396; Nov. 2015, No. 11, comm. 439 to 443, 455 to 456)

Competition Chronicle > D. Bosco and G. Decocq (Contracts, conc., consum. Oct. 2015, No. 10, comm. 234 to 238; Nov. 2015, No. 11, comm. 259 to 264; Dec. 2015, No. 12, comm. 285 to 289)

Competition Law Chronicle > M. Behar-Touchais, L. Idot and C. Prieto (Revue des Contrats, déc. 2015, n° 4/2015, p. 928 to 940)

Chronique Concurrence > (RJDA, n° 10/2015, Sept. 2015, n° 709, p. 709; n° 11/2015, Nov. 2015, n° 784-785 p. 799; Dec. 2015, No. 869-870, p. 893)

Chronicle Quasi-repressive Proceedings in Competition Law > L. Idot (Rev. Sc. Crim., 2015-4, pp. 747-757)

2. Agreements

2.1. General

Parity clauses between law on restrictive competition practices and law on anti-competitive practices: from the Commission d’examen des pratiques commerciales to the legislator via the Competition Authority > M. Chagny (RTD com. 2015, n° 3, Chron.., p. 483), See also, Les clauses de parité tarifaire en péril dans la réservation hôtelière, M. Behar-Touchais (Revue des Contrats, déc. 2015, n° 4/2015, p. 931); L’adaptation du droit de la concurrence à l’économie numérique, M. Chagny (JCP éd. G, n° 49, 30 nov. 2015, 1340, p. 2237)

Deterrence Effects of Korean Antitrust Enforcement on Producer Prices and Profits Margins > R.M. Feinberg and M. Park (Journal of Competition Law & Economics, 11, 4, pp. 935-954)

Estimating Consumer Damages in Cartel Cases > U. Laitenberger and F. Smuda (Journal of Competition Law & Economics, 11, 4, pp. 955-973)

Price Discrimination, Merger Policy, and the Competitive Constraint of Low-Value Customers in Airline Markets > T. Hazledine (Journal of Competition Law & Economics, 11, 4, pp. 975-998)

Inferring Anticompetitive Price Effects from Difference-in-Difference Analysis: a Caveat > S.W. Ulrick and S.B. Sacher (Journal of Competition Law & Economics, 11, 4, pp. 999-1002)

Competitor Parity Clauses: Increased Scrutiny of MFNs in the United States and Europe > F. Schaeffer, K. Piro, A. Rinne and A. Boos (The Antitrust Source, December 2015)

Cover Pricing and the Overreach of ’Object’ Liability under Article 101 TFEU > A. Stephan and M. Hviid (World Competition, Vol. 38, Issue 4, pp. 507-526)

Vertical Merger Enforcement Actions: 1994-2015 > S. C. Salop et D. P. Culley (Georgetown University Law Center, November 2015, available at

2.2. Distribution

The law of 6 August 2015 for growth, activity and equal economic opportunities ... in distribution (?) > D. Ferrier (D. 1 Oct. 2015, No. 33, Chron .., p. 1904), See also, Loi " Macron " : focus on post-contractual restrictive clauses, F. Buy (D. 1 oct. 2015, n° 33, Point de vue, p. 1902) ; Les réseaux de distribution commerciale, D. Ferrier (JCP éd. G, supplément au n° 44, 26 oct. 2015, p. 9); Premières vues sur le " droit français nouveau des réseaux de distribution commerciale ", D. Mainguy (JCP éd. E, No. 48, 26 Nov. 2015, p. 33); Internet et les contrats de distribution sélective à la lumière des droits français et allemand, V. Lasserre and P. Lemore (Contrats, conc, consom. nov. 2015, n° 11, Study 13)

Chronicle Distribution and competitor protection > M. Malaurie-Vignal and N. Mathey (Contracts, conc., consom. Oct. 2015, No. 10, comm. 226 to 233; Nov. 2015, No. 11, comm. 254 to 258; Dec. 2015, No. 12, comm. 272 to 284)

3. Abuse of dominance

Google guilty of abuse of dominant position: are the carrots cooked? > A.-S. Choné-Grimaldi (D. 3 Dec. 2015, No. 42, Viewpoint, p. 2451)

Essential patents and abuse of a dominant position: the Court of Justice lays down the rules > C. Roda (D. 3 Dec. 2015, No 42, p. 2482)

Structural injunction: the return of structural abuse forty years after Continental Can? > A.-S. Choné-Grimaldi (D. 6 August 2015, No. 29, Viewpoint, p. 1649)

Huawei Technologies: More Certainty on SEP Injunctions, But Not the End of the Story > K. Fountoukakos and N. Root (CPI Antitrust Chronicle, October 2015, Vol. 10, Issue 2), V. also, Huaweï v ZTE: Judicial Conservatism at the Patent-Antitrust Intersection, N. Petit (CPI Antitrust Chronicle, October 2015, Vol. 10, Issue 2)

Apple and Spotify, a competition law song? > J. N. Otegui Nieto (ECLR, Vol. 36, p. 436)

4. Restrictive practices

Trade relations after the Law of 6 August 2015 for growth, activity and equal economic opportunities > M. Plankensteiner and E. Crequer (Small posters, 4 Nov. 2015, No. 220, p. 4)

Article L. 442-6 of the Commercial Code and its arbitral ... judge > N. Dissaux (D. 10 déc. 2015, n° 43, p. 2537)

Injury arising from the abrupt termination of established commercial relations - Plea for predictability of praetorian calculations > A. Fourment and D. Batude (Contracts, conc., consom. déc. 2015, n° 12, Etude 16)

Significant imbalance: seven years later, has the age of reason been reached? > E. Dieny (JCP éd. E, n° 51-52, 17 Dec. 2015, 1626, p. 35), V. also, Le déséquilibre significatif et l’intervention progressive du juge commercial dans les négociations tarifaires, N. Pétrinet (BRDA 19/2015, 15 Oct. 2015, p. 20 ;RJDA n° 11/2015, Nov. 2015, Chron.., p. 739 ) ; The rule on significant imbalance before the Court of Cassation, M. Chagny (RTD com. 2015, n° 3, Chron., p. 486)

Litigation of the abrupt termination of established commercial relations > J.-M. Tricot (JCP éd. E, n° 49, Dec. 3, 2015, 1598, p. 31)

Transfer of a business and exit from the commercial relationship > S. Le Gac-Pech (JCP éd. E, n° 47, Nov. 19, 2015, 1566, p. 47)

Breaking off established relationships with group companies: notice is assessed individually > (BRDA., Oct. 2015, No. 20, p. 14)

Directive 2005/29 and the black list of unfair commercial practices > A. Marcus (European Union Law Review, No. 3-2015, p. 365)

Tied selling: soon to be the epilogue of the soap opera of computer sales with preinstalled software? > M. Dary and A. Diouf (RLDA, Nov. 2015, No. 109, p. 13)

Panorama - Prohibited competition - Unfair competition and parasitism > Centre de droit de la concurrence Yves Serra (D., n° 43, 10 Dec. 2015, p. 2526)

What We Learned from the FTC’s New UMC Guidelines: Hint-Nothing > D. Crane (CPI Antitrust Chronicle, November 2015, Vol. 11, Issue 2)

5. Concentrations

Managing Competition Risk in Mergers and Acquisitions - A Pragmatic Survival Kit for Effective Management > M. Giner Asins and M. Pflieger (JCP ed. E, No. 50, Dec. 10, 2015, 1614, p. 28)

The Evolution and Vitality of Merger Presumptions: a Decision-Theoretic Approach > S.C. Salop (Antitrust Law Journal, 80, 2)

The application of the European Merger Control Regulation > J.-F. Bellis and C. Nassogne (JDE Sept. 2015, n° 221, p. 289)

The Commission’s Merger Enforcement in Mobile Mergers: Brave New World for Non-coordinated Effects? > N. Peristerakis, L. Prompers and M. Garcia (CPI Antitrust Chronicle, October 2015, Vol. 10, Issue 2)

Deutsche Börse: Evaluating Efficiencies in Merger Investigations > M. Farley (Journal of European Competition Law & Practice, Vol. 6, Issue 10, pp. 711-713)

UPS/TNT Express: First ’GAP CASE’ Prohibition > G. Castaldo and A. Belzunces (Journal of European Competition Law & Practice, Vol. 6, Issue 10, pp. 709-711)

6. State aid

The contestable nature of the decision to initiate the formal investigation procedure for the aid: what criteria? > S. Cazet (Europe, Nov. 2015, No 11, Study 8)

Criterion of material selectivity with regard to State aid (note ss. TEU 7 Nov. 2014, Case T-399/11) > E. Ruiz Cairo (RDUE 4/2015, jurispr., p. 805)

Regulation of the media through State aid > E. Defreyn and A. de Streel (JDE Sept. 2015, n° 221, p. 281)

EU State Aid Control: The Quest for Effectiveness > V. Verouden (European State Aid Law Quarterly, Vol. 14 (2015), Issue 4, p. 459)

7. Public sector and competition

About the transposition of the Concessions Directive > J.-B. Auby (Droit Adm., Oct. 2015, No. 10, p. 1)

The economic action of public persons: an underestimated and little-known capacity for action > H. Paulliat (Droit Adm., Nov. 2015, No. 11, p. 9)

The Public Procurement Order of 23 July 2015 > M. Ubaud-Bergeron, G. Clamour, Y. Simmonet, H. Hoepffner, F. Linditch, W. Zimmer, B. Roman-Sequense, L. Richer, P. Devillers, G. Eckert and E. Muller (Contracts and Public Procurement, Oct. 2015, No. 10, p. 9)

The partnership contract: a new lease of life for the implementation of major public projects > C. Le Bihan-Graff and L. Haouas (Energie - Environnement - Infrastructures., oct. 2015, n° 10, p. 3)

Public procurement in the European Union > P. Nihoul (JDE oct. 2015, n° 222, p. 332)

8. Procedures

8.1. General

The "Eon Foldagz" judgment: clarification of the concept of economic interest as the basis of the right to an effective remedy, and of the scope rationae temporis of a non-transposed directive > A. de Roudille (RDUE n° 3/2015, p. 407)

8.2. Sanction Policy - Clemency - Settlement - Undertakings

Complex agreements, multiple leniency... The entry of the European Competition Network (ECN) into a new decade is confirmed > L. Idot (Europe, Oct. 2015, No. 10, Alert 35)

The judgment of the Tribunal Timab v. Commission or how a cartel settlement would have been better than a good trial > M. Barennes (RLC 2015/45, No. 2864, p. 55)

The role of the public prosecutor’s office with regard to the sanctioning power of independent competition law authorities > G. Decocq (Cah. dr. entr., Sept.-Oct. 2015, n° 5, 42, p. 84)

The development of repressive and "contentious" decisions by regulators > J.-B. Auby, P. Idoux, T. Perroud and P. Lignières (JCP éd. E, No. 48, Nov. 26, 2015, 1580, p. 38)

Secret’ Evidence in Competition Law Investigations and Cases > R. E. Hoffinger (Competition Law International, October 2015)

8.3. Actions for damages

The effectiveness of a jurisdiction clause called into question by the simple invocation of competition law > L. Idot (JCP éd. G, n° 49, Nov. 30, 2015, 1322, p. 2221)

Private leniency": an innovation in the service of compensation for anti-competitive harm > V. Grac-Aubert and J. Brousseau (D. 30 Jul. 2015, No. 28, Point de vue, p. 1607)

21st Century Group Action > S. Amrani-Mekki (JCP éd. G, n° 45, Nov. 2, 2015, 1196, p. 2029)

Directive 2014/104/EU on remedies for anti-competitive practices: a further step in the development of Private Enforcement in competition law > S. Pietrini (Contracts, conc., consom. oct. 2015, n° 10, Study 12)

The beginnings of third party litigation funding in France or the gradual introduction of third party litigation funding > O. Ancelin and M. de Causans (JCP éd. E, n° 45, Nov. 5, 2015, 1527, p. 31)

Law of 14 October 2015: the consequences of the Lurel amendment on group action > L.-J. Aleman (JCP éd. E, n° 45, 5 Nov. 2015, 824, p. 9)

The French class action and the European class action > P. Le More (JCP éd. E, n° 31-35, 30 Jul. 2015, 637, Echos de la pratique, p. 5)

Group action and the repair of consumer damage: progress report and recommendations > V. Grac-Aubert and J. Brousseau (D. 30 Jul. 2015, n° 28, Point of view, p. 1607)

L’actualité du contentieux indemnitaire des pratiques anticoncurrentielles > R. Amaro (RLC 2015/45, n° 2866, p. 72)

The Brussels Court judgment in Commission v Elevators manufacturers, or the story of how the Commission lost an action for damages based on its own infringement decision > J. M. Ramos and D. Muheme (ECLR, Vol. 35, p. 384)

Cartel damage claims Hydrogen Peroxide SA v Akzo Nobel NV and others: a summary and critique of the judgment of the European Court of Justice of May, 21 2015 > O. Geiss and H. Geiss. Daniel (ECLR, Vol. 36, p. 430)

Commitment Decisions and Private Enforcement of EU Competition Law: Friend or Foe? > D. Raţ (World Competition Vol. 38, Issue 4, pp. 527-545)

9. Regulations

Public services and regulation: regulation of carpooling > R. Lanneau (Droit Adm., Nov. 2015, n° 11, p. 36)

Public services and regulation: private public passenger transport - The regulation of taxi fares > M. Bazex and R. Lanneau (Droit Adm., Nov. 2015, n° 11, p. 44)

The law of 17 August 2015 on the energy transition for green growth: dossier > (Energy - Environment - Infrastructure., Oct. 2015, n° 10, p. 16)

Did you say regulation? > J.-L. Silicani (Energy - Environment - Infrastructures., Nov. 2015, n° 11, p. 1)

COP 21 issues > M. Wemaere and S. Wemaere. Maljean-Dubois (Energy - Environment - Infrastructures., Nov. 2015, n° 11, p. 16)

What are the rules applicable for the conclusion of contracts within a vertically integrated undertaking (VIE) for electricity or gas? > C. Le Bihan-Graf and L. Rosenblieh (Energie - Environnement - Infrastructures., Nov. 2015, n° 11, p. 33)

10. International policy

International competition law - bilateral treaties > P. Jan Slot (ECLR, September 2015, p. 391)