This section of the review Concurrences selects articles and working papers on themes related to competition laws and economics, mainly, but not only, in the English and French languages. This compilation does not attempt to be exhaustive but rather a survey on themes important in the area. The survey usually covers publications over the last three months after release of the latest issue of Concurrences. Articles and working papers published on the Internet only are also welcome. Authors, editors and publishers are welcome to send their papers to for review in this section.

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1. General - Scope of application

Testing the agricultural sector against competition law: focus on the fresh fruit and vegetable sector > L. BINEAU (Dr. Prospective - Rev. de la recherche juridique, 2013-4, p. 1801)

Insights on the Intel Decision - Confirmation or Evolution? > L. IDOT (Europe, August-September 2014, No. 8-9, Study 7)

European competition policies and social market economy > F. MARTY (in Les valeurs communes dans l’Union européenne - Onzièmes journées Jean Monnet, Bruylant, 2014)

This contribution aims to highlight the ordoliberal roots of European competition policy and questions the compatibility of a more economic approach, centred on the criterion of maximising consumer welfare, with European decision-making practice.

Activity of the European Union courts in competition law (February 2014) (March 2014) > P. ARHEL (Small posters, Nov. 28-30, 2014, No. 238 p. 6; Small posters, Dec. 5, 2014, No. 243 p. 6)

Activity of the Competition Authority in 2013: publication of the activity report of the institution > P. ARHEL (Small posters, Dec. 11, 2014, No. 247, p. 4)

Competition Chronicle > L. IDOT (Europe, Aug.-Sep. 2014, No. 8-9, comm. 336 to 342; Oct. 2014, No. 10, comm. 399 to 406; Nov. 2014, No. 11, comm. 464 to 472)

Competition Chronicle > D. BOSCO, C. PREBISSY-SCHNALL and G. DECOCQ (Contracts, conc., consom, Oct. 2014, No. 10, comm. 224 to 229 ; ; Nov. 2014, No. 11, comm. 248 to 253 ; Dec. 2014, No. 12, comm. 276 to 281)

Economic Law Chronicle > C. MATHONNIERE (RLDA 2014/95, July-August 2014, No S 5206 to 5210, p. 43; 2014/96, Sept. 2014, No S 00 to 00, p. 00; 2014/97, Oct. 2014, No S 5299 to 5300, p. 40; Nov. 2014, No S 5341 to 5345, p. 48)

Competition Chronicle > (RJDA, No. 10, Oct. 2014, Nos. 798 to 802, p. 757; No. 11, Nov. 2014, Nos. 868 to 869, p. 823; No. 12, Dec. 2014, Nos. 940 to 943, p. 823)

Chronicle European Union Law > L. IDOT (Rev. Crim. Sc., 2014, No. 3, p. 639)

Rebalancing commercial relations along the food supply chain: the agricultural exemption from EU Competition Law after regulation 1308/2013 > J. BLOCKX and J. VANDENBERGHE (European Competition Journal, August 2014, p. 387)

The New EU " extraterritoriality " > J. SCOTT (Common Market Law Review, 2014, 51, p. 1343)

Estimating the foreclosure effect of exclusive dealing: Evidence from the entry of specialty beer producers > C.-W. CHEN (International Journal of Industrial Organization, 37, pp. 47-64)

2. Agreements

2.1. General

The new de minimis communication > C. PAULHAC (JCP ed. E, No. 44, Oct. 30, 2014, 809, p. 5) See also, L. IDOT, Adoption by the Commission of a new notice on de minimis agreements (Rev. of Contracts, 2014-4, Dec. 2014, p. 728).

New De Minimis Communication: "De minimis" and "By Object" Restrictions of Competition Law > A. SCORDAMAGLIA-TOUSIS (Journal of Competition Law & Practices, 2014, Vol. 5, n° 9, p. 698)

Exegesis of the Groupement des cartes bancaires judgment > A. GIRAUD (RLDA Nov. 2014, 5340, p. 43)

The object of the exercise - A look at the ECJ’s landmark Groupement des Cartes Bancaires decision > O. HEINISCH (Competition Law insight, 2014, Vol. 13, Issue 11, p. 16)

Can Article 34 TFEU have a direct horizontal effect - Reflections on the judgment > P. OLIVER (Cah. dr.entr., 1/2014, p. 77)

Hub-and-Spoke Conspiracies: the Vertical Expression of a Horizontal Desire? > N. SAHUGUET and A. WALCKIERS (Journal of Competition Law & Practices, 2014, Vol. 5, No. 10, p. 711)

Article 101 TFEU and the EU Courts: adapting legal form to the realities of modernisation? > P. VAN CLEYNENBREUGEL (Common Market Law Review, 2014, 51, p. 1381)

Crisis cartels: non-economic values, the Public interest and institutional considerations > B. WARDHAUGH (European competition Journal, August 2014, p 311)

Do non-economic goals count in interpreting Article 101 (3) TFEU? > A. MAZIARZ (European Competition Journal, August 2014, p. 341)

Revisiting the Single and Continuous Infringement of Article 101: the Significance of Anic in a New Era of Cartel Detection and Analysis > D. RILEY (World Competition, 37, No. 3(2014), p. 293)

Most Favoured Nation Clauses Revisited > I. VANDENBORRE and M. J. FRESE (ECLR, 2014, p. 588)

Collusion at the extensive margin > M.C. BYFORD and J.S. GANS (International Journal of Industrial Organization, 37, pp. 75-83)

2.2. Distribution

About the termination of the distribution contract for the sale of automobiles > T. LAMBERT (JCP éd. E, n° 37, Sept. 11, 2014, 1452, p. 33)

Evolution of ex ante control of commercial urban planning in overseas territories and consideration of economic criteria: the teaching of Saint-Barthélemy > F. VENAYRE (RLC 2014/41, No. 2653, p. 73)

Internet, distribution and competition > J. VANARD, C. BREL and A.-S. REVERS (AJCA. Nov. 2014, No. 8, p. 305)

Chronicle Distribution and competitor protection > M. MALAURIE-VIGNAL and N. MATHEY (Contracts, conc., consom. Oct. 2014, No. 10, comm. 215 to 223 ; ; Nov. 2014, No. 11, comm. 240 to 247 ; Dec. 2014, No. 12, comm. 268 to 275)

3. Abuse of dominance

Structural injunctions from regulatory authorities - Round table with DAVID BOSCO, JEAN-PASCAL CHAZAL, GILDAS DE MUIZON and THOMAS PICOT > (Cah. dr. entr., 5/2014, Sept. 2014, interview 5)

At the same time as Parliament is discussing the generalization to the retail distribution sector of the structural injunction system in metropolitan France, the same one that was introduced in the overseas departments and collectivities by the Lurel Act, then, with the consent of the Constitutional Council, in the overseas departments and collectivities, In New Caledonia, through a country law, it is worth reviewing the genesis of this exemption mechanism, the purpose of which is to exempt the Competition Authority from having to demonstrate the abusive exploitation of a dominant position and to bear in mind the risks involved in such a mechanism. From this point of view, the reading of this Round Table can only be salutary.

Lessons from the Competition Authority on abuse of dominance for practices aimed at delaying market entry of a generic medicine > C. MASCRET (Small posters, Nov. 5, 2014, No. 221 p. 3)

The Judgment of the EU General court in Intel and the so-called "more economic approach" to abuse of dominance > P. J. WOUTER WILS (World Competition, Volume 37, Issue 4, December 2014) See also, R. MAULIN, Intel’s Abuse of Dominance Case: Much ado about nothing (AJCA. Oct. 2014, No. 7, p. 276).

Predatory Innovation - The question of whether imaginative product development can or should amount to an abuse of a dominant position is difficult to answer > K. COATES and S. LAWRANCE (Competition Law insight, 2014, Vol. 13, Issue 11, p. 6)

Getting the wrong idea - The latest misguided theory about abuse of dominance > J. TEMPLE LANG (Competition Law insight, 2014, Vol. 13, Issue 11, p. 11)

Abuse of dominance by Patentees: A pro-innovation Perspective > A. ABBOTT (The Antitrust source, October 2014, Vol. 14, Issue 1)

4. Restrictive practices

Litigation concerning the abrupt termination of commercial relations is not always reserved to the Paris Court of Appeal. > F. BUY (D. 20 Nov. 2014, no. 40, p. 2329)

Compensation for abrupt termination of business relations (Panorama JurisData - Court of Appeal year 2014) > K. COPET (JCP ed. E, No. 48, Nov. 27, 2014, 1609, p. 37)

Abuse in pricing - about a supply contract > A.-S. CHONE-GRIMALDI (JCP ed. E, No. 50, Dec. 11, 2014, 1639, p. 42)

Prohibited competition - Unfair competition and free riding (October 2013-October 2014) > Y. PICOT and ALII (D. 11.Dec. 2014, No. 43, p. 2488)

Arbitration and abrupt termination of established commercial relations > N. MATHEY (JCP ed. E, No. 40, Oct. 2, 2014, 1494, p. 39)

Abrupt termination of established commercial relations and ordinary law > N. MATHEY (JCP ed. E, No. 50, Dec. 11, 2014, 1640, p. 45)

Abrupt termination of established business relationships without notice > N. MATHEY (JCP ed. E, No. 42, Oct. 16, 2014, 1520, p. 39)

5. Concentrations

The application of the European Merger Control Regulation > J.-F. BELLIS and C. NASSOGNE (JDE, Sept. 2014, No. 211, p. 291)

The White Paper on Better Merger Control: Small Steps Forward > L. IDOT (Europe, Oct. 2014, No. 10, Alert 33)

Changing Mind in Changed Circumstances: Aegean/Olympic II and the Failing Firm Defence > A. KOMNINOS and J. JERAM (Journal of Competition Law & Practice, 2014, Vol. 5, No. 9, p. 605)

Electrabel v. Commission & COMP M.7184 Matine Harvest/Morpol: Gun jumping and Violation of the Merger Standstill Obligation in Europe > F. CARLONI (Journal of Competition Law & Practice, 2014, Vol. 5, No. 10, p. 693)

Jumping the gun - A hard line is being taken over breaches of fundamental EUMR rules > K. FOUNTOUKAKOS and M. HERRON (Competition Law insight, 2014, Vol. 13, Issue 9, p. 12)

Sneak preview of the future application of European competition law on the Internet? Cisco and Messagenet > I. GRAEF (Common Market Law Review, 2014, 51, p. 1263)

Unilateral effects analysis in merger review: Limits and opportunities > M. B. COATE (European Competition Journal, August 2014, p. 231)

Practical application of the De Minimis exception for small mergers in the UK > S. VAZ and D. WIRTH (Competition Law, 2014, p. 230)

Effects of Mergers in Two-Sided Markets: The US Radio Industry > P. JEZIORSKI (American Economic Journal: Microeconomics, 6, 4, pp. 35-73)

Mergers and Sunk Costs: An Application to the Ready-Mix Concrete Industry > A. COLLARD-WEXLER (American Economic Journal: Microeconomics, 6, 4, pp. 407-447)

Estimation of cost efficiencies from mergers: application to US radio > P. JEZIORSKI (RAND Journal of Economics, 45, 4, pp. 816-846)

Modeling the effects of mergers in procurement > N.H. MILLER (International Journal of Industrial Organization, 37, pp. 201-208)

Symposium: Implications of recent merger litigations for market definition > EDITED BY M.B. COATE AND K. BERNARD (The Antitrust Bulletin, 59, 3)

6. State aid

The European Commission’s 2014 guidelines on State aid to airports and airlines: a challenge for French regional airports > N. LENOIR and M. PLANKENSTEINER (Small Posters, Oct. 20, 2014, No. 209, p. 6)

According to the authors of this study, Noëlle Lenoir and Marco Plankensteiner, the new guidelines published by the European Commission on 4 April 2014 redefine, without overturning it, the framework for analysing State aid to airports and airlines in the light of the provisions of Article 107 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union and will have a definite impact on the situation of French regional airports.

State aid: Commission adopts a series of decisions on aid to airports and airlines in France and Germany and requires France to recover aid granted to airlines that is incompatible with the internal market > R. NOGUELLOU (D. Adm. Oct. 2014, No. 10)

State aid: Commission approves UK capacity market as electricity generation scheme > R. NOGUELLOU (D. Adm. Oct. 2014. No. 10)

In-house relationship and analogous control criterion > W. ZIMMER (D. Adm. Oct. 2014. No. 10)

A development in State aid practice - tax rulings and settlements become a focus of attention > K. DESAI (ECLR, 2014, p. 575)

Time for renewables to Join the Market: the New Guidelines on State Aid for environmental protection and Energy > E. SZYSZCZAK (Journal of Competition Law & Practices, 2014, Vol. 5, No. 9, p. 616)

Enforcement of State Aid Rules for Services of General Economic Interest before Public Procurement Review Bodies and Courts > A. SANCHEZ GRAELLS (The Competition Law Review, July 2014, Vol. 10, Issue 1, p. 3)

7. Public sector and competition

Public economic activities put to the test by the Competition Authority’s advocacy > A. SEE (D. Adm. Dec. 2014. No. 12)

The rules governing the public financing of services of general economic interest after the 2011 reform > M. DONY (Cah. dr.entr., 1/2014, p. 97)

Public procurement: Commission calls on Italy to respect EU law on motorway contracts > R. NOGUELLOU (D. Adm. Dec. 2014, No. 12)

Developments in the legal regime applicable to abnormally low offers > L. LIGUORI (D. Adm. Nov. 2014. No. 11)

Opinion on motorways: the Autorité de la concurrence, seized by the Finance Committee of the National Assembly, makes its opinion public > R. NOGUELLOU (D. Adm. Nov. 2014. No. 11)

The Greek Lignite case - Article 106 TFEU rebooted against firms with special or exclusive rights > P. ALEXIADIS and I. GEORGIOPOULOS (Competition Law insight, 2014, Vol. 13, Issue 10, p. 16)

8. Procedures

8.1. General

Investigations carried out by DGCCRF agents in the area of anti-competitive practices: current events following the reform of the Order of 13 November 2008 (1st part and 2nd part) > A. MARIE (RJDA, no. 10, Oct. 2014, Etudes et doctrine, p. 707; RJDA, no. 11, Nov. 2014, Etudes et doctrine, p. 779)

Investigative powers of the Commission - "Schwenk Zement" Judgment > Mr. ANDRES VAQUERO (RDUE, 2-2014, jurispr., p. 406)

A new monument of the Defense > J.-H. ROBERT (JCP ed. E, No. 44, Oct. 30, 2014, 1551, p. 26)

What course of action is available to the victim of a practice contrary to Articles 101 and/or 102 TFEU? > L. IDOT (Europe, August-September 2014, No 8-9, Practice 3)

What course of action is available to the victim of a practice contrary to Articles 101 and/or 102 TFEU? Who should be referred to within the ECN? > L. IDOT (Europe, Oct. 2014, No. 10, Practice 4)

The Intel Judgment, File Access and Confidentiality in EU Competition Cases: Has the Time Come for Reform? > J. S. VENIT (Journal of Competition Law & Practices, 2014, Vol. 5, No.9, p. 681)

The Ball is in your Court: Evidential burden of proof and the proof-proximity principle in EU competition law > C. VOLPIN (Common market Law Review, 2014, 51, p. 1159)

Ignorantia legis non excusat and the demise of national procedural autonomy in the application of the EU competition rules: Schenker > S.B. VÖLCKER (Common Market Law Review, 2014, 51, p. 1497)

Getting hold of the evidence: access, disclosure and use of information in the Commission’s file > D. CALISTI (Competition Law, 2014, p. 279)

8.2. Sanction Policy - Clemency - Settlement - Undertakings

Anticompetitive agreement: the influence of membership of a corporate group on the determination of applicable sanctions > F. TEFFO (Small Posters, Oct. 16, 2014, No. 207, p. 11)

Assessment of three years of application of the communiqué on sanctions > P. PATAT (RLC 2014/41, No. 2639, p. 39)

Imputability of an anti-competitive practice of the subsidiary to its parent company and private action (note ss. CJEU, 10 Apr. 2014, nos. C-247/11 and C-253/11) > M. BEHAR-TOUCHAIS (Rev. of Contracts, 2014-4, Dec. 2014, p. 730)

Autonomy of competition law from civil law as regards contributory remedies in the event of a joint and several order for payment of a fine (note ss. CJEU, 10 Apr. 2014, Nos C-231/11, C-232/11 and C-233/11) > M. BEHAR-TOUCHAIS (Rev. of Contracts, 2014-4, Dec. 2014, p. 735)

Parent Liability and claims for recovery between joint and several debtors according to EU antitrust law > S. F. JANKA (ECLR, 2014, p. 594)

Presence of the lawyer during competition investigations: the debate is closed > D. ROSKIS and J. GRIFFIN (RLDA 2014/97, Oct. 2014, No. 5298, p. 36)

Motorola and Samsung: An Effective Use of Article 7 and Article 9 of Regulation 1/2003 > R. WHISH (Journal of Competition Law & Practices, 2014, Vol. 5, No. 10, p. 603)

Too much of a good thing - Arguably, article 9 commitments are being overused > G. OLSEN and C. G. OLSEN and C. GHOSH (Competition Law insight, 2014, Vol. 13, Issue 9, p. 16)

8.3. Actions for damages

Class Action Order - The Procedure... at last! > S. AMRANI MEKKI (JCP éd. G, n° 42, Oct. 13, 2014, 1030, p. 1822) V. also, V. LEGRAND, Group action: the decree that lifts the veil and throws off the disorder . (Premières impressions sur le décret du 24 septembre 2014 relatif à l’action de groupe en matière de consommation) (Petites affiches, 13 oct. 2014, n° 204, p. 4) ; Décret relatif à l’action de groupe (BRDA., 15 oct. 2014, 19/2014, n° 24, p. 12) ; J.-P. GRANDJEAN et O. SICSIC, L’action de groupe en état de marche (Gaz. Pal., 7-8 Nov. 2014, n°s 311-312, p. 12); V. LASSERRE and P. LE MORE, Premières observations sur la mise en œuvre de l’action de groupe en matière de consommation (D. n° 2014-1081, 24 Sept. 2014) (Contrats, conc., consom. nov. 2014, n° 11, étude 11)

L’action de groupe en droit de la concurrence (or Pénélope’s patience) in the special edition of Banque & droit magazine entitled "L’action de groupe à la française" (French-style group action in competition law). > M. BEHAR-TOUCHAIS (Rev. Bank & Law, Special Issue, Nov. 2014, p. 34) See also, J.-L. FOURGOUX, L’action de groupe : une remise en cause de la stratégie contentieuse (Juriste d’entreprise magazine, n° 21, oct. 2014, p. 25) ; M. ALBERTINI, Action de groupe : les entreprises ont échuyent-ils échapper au pire ? (BRDA., Nov. 15, 2014, 21/2014, n° 27, p. 19)

About the Group Share Circular (Circular Sept. 26, 2014) > V. LASSERRE and P. LE MORE (JCP ed. E, No. 50, Dec. 11, 2014, 1638, p. 34)

The "group transaction" - The particularities of the transaction in the group share > M. BROCHIER (JCP éd. E, No. 49, 4 Dec. 2014, 1622, p. 22)

On access to documents held by the Competition Authority > I. LUC (RJDA, No. 12, Dec. 2014, Etudes et doctrine, p. 843) See also, T. D’ALES and A. CONSTANS, L’accès aux preuves des victimes de pratiques anticoncurrentielles - La Cour d’appel de Paris rappelle que le demandeur doit prendre ses responsabilités (JCP éd. E, n° 46, 13 nov. 2014, 1575, p. 20); J. LUCAS and S. CAMAND, Anticompetitive practices: access to documents containing business secrets (JCP éd. E, n° 50, Dec. 11, 2014, 942, p. 5)

Remedying competitive harm > R. SAINT-ESTEBEN, M. NUSSENBAUM, M. CHAGNY and V. PIRONON (AJCA. Oct. 2014, No. 7, p. 257)

Private Enforcement Abstract (1/2) > C. EVRARD and F. GORDON (RLC 2014/41, No. 2657, p. 93)

Simplified procedure: peculiarities and dangers > J. MARTINET (Bank & Law, No. 157, Sept.-Oct. 2014, p. 8)

9. Regulations

Competition, Regulation and the Public Sector Column > S. NAUGES, L. VIDAL and L. AYACHE (Contracts, conc., consom. déc 2014, n° 12, Chron. 4)

Railway reform: what’s new for the control system? > P. IDOUX (RLC 2014/41, No. 2651, p. 68)

The law of 4 August 2014 on railway reform: an imperfect adaptation to the European framework under national constraint > A. LAGET-ANNAMAYER (D. Adm. Dec. 2014. No. 12)

The regime of sector-specific regulation of terrestrial television broadcasting > M. BAZEX (D. Adm. Nov. 2014. No. 11)