Competition journals : Oct. - Dec. 2013

This section of the review Concurrences selects articles and working papers on themes related to competition laws and economics, mainly, but not only, in the English and French languages. This compilation does not attempt to be exhaustive but rather a survey on themes important in the area. The survey usually covers publications over the last three months after release of the latest issue of Concurrences. Articles and working papers published on the Internet only are also welcome. Authors, editors and publishers are welcome to send their papers to for review in this section.

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1. General - Scope of application

The sanctioning of unfair commercial practices: the preservation of the competitive order at the risk of protecting competitors? > F. MARTY (European Journal of Consumer Law 2013-2, p. 277)

Commentary on Act No. 2012-1270 of 20 November 2012 on Overseas Economic Regulation and Various Provisions Relating to Overseas France > J.-F. Calmette and T. M’Saïdié (RRJ 2013-2, p. 865)

The food supply chain and competition law > O. ANCELIN and F. DE BAKKER (JCP ed. E, No. 42, Oct. 17, 2013, 1562, p. 25)

Competition law and intellectual property law, brother enemies? > H. CALVET and F. LEVEQUE (RLC 2013/37, No. 2429, p. 93)

Clash of "autonomous legal orders": can EU Member States courts bridge the jurisdictional divide between investment tribunals and the ECJ? A Plea for direct referral from investment tribunals to the ECJ > K. VON PAPP (Common Market Law Review, 2013, Vol. 50, pp. 1039-2013)

Effective enforcement of EU competition law gone too far? Recent case law on the presumption of parental liability > B. LEUPOLD (European Competition Law Review, 2013, Vol. 34, pp. 570-582)

The Distortive Effects of Antitrust Fines Based on Revenue > V. BAGERI, Y. KATSOULACOS and G. SPAGNOLO (Economic Journal, 123(572), pp. 545-557)

Competition Policy and Productivity Growth: An Empirical Assessment > P. Bucirossi, L. Ciari, T. Duso, G. Spagnolo and C. Vitale (Review of Economics and Statistics, 95, pp. 1324-1336)

Special Issue: Antitrust and Regulatory Update > (Review of Industrial Organization, 43(4), pp. 263-348)

Activity of the Paris Court of Appeal in the field of anti-competitive practices (February to July 2013) > P. ARHEL (Small posters, 19-20 Sept. 2013, n°s 188-189, p. 8)

Activity of the Court of Cassation and the Council of State in competition law (December 2012 to June 2013) > P. ARHEL (Small posters, Nov. 6, 2013, ns 222, p. 4)

Competition Chronicle > L. IDOT (Europe, Aug.-Sep. 2013, comm. 360-368, p. 35; Oct. 2013, comm. 409-414; Nov. 2013, comm. 466-476)

Competition Chronicle > D. BOSCO and G. DECOCQ (Contracts, conc., consum. no. 8-9, Aug. 2013, comm. 190 to 194; Oct. 2013, comm. 215 to 221; Nov. 2013, comm. 242 to 248)

Competition Chronicle > M. CHAGNY and E. CLAUDEL (RTD eur. July-Sept.2013, n° 3, p. 495)

Economic Law Chronicle > C. MATHONNIERE (RLDA July-August 2013, 84, Nos 4677 to 4680, p. 47; Sept. 2013, 85, Nos 4722 to 4727; Oct. 2013, 86, Nos 4775 to 4776, p. 46 )

Chronicle Competition Law > L. IDOT and C. PRIETO (RDC 2013/03, July 2013, p. 955)

Competition Chronicle > (RJDA, No. 8-9, August-Sept. 2013, p. 696; No. 10, Oct. 2013, p. 788; No. 11, Nov. 2013, p. 882; No. 12, Dec. 2013, p. 984)

Chronicle Constitutional Council and case law of the ECHR > H. SURREL (Les nouveaux cahiers du Conseil constitutionnel, No. 41, Oct. 2013, p. 311)

2. Agreements

2.1. General

Competition and collective management of musical rights on the Internet: the delicate balance > F. DUMONT and P. BONNET (JCP éd. E, ns 46, Nov. 14, 2013, 1618, p. 27)

Competition: national authorities can also sanction "small" business partnerships > E. DIENY (RLDA July-August 2013, 84, 4676, p. 41)

Does a regulation enacted by a professional order fall under the prohibition of cartels? > G. DECOCQ (Rev. jurispr. com. May/June 2013, No. 3, p. 209)

Agreement between copyright collecting societies: restriction of competition by object, yes; evidence of a practice > V. PIRONON (Comm, Elect. Com., Oct. 2013, No. 10, Comm. 106)

Ringleaders in Larger Number Asymmetric Cartels > S. DAVIES and O. DE (Economic Journal, 123(572), pp. 524-544)

Antitrust Penalties and the Implications of Empirical Evidence on Cartel Overcharges > Y. KATSOULACOS and D. ULPH (Economic Journal, 123(572), pp. 558-581)

Resale Price Maintenance: An Empirical Analysis of UK Firms’ Compliance > E. GIOVANETTI and L. MAGAZZINI (Economic Journal, 123(572), pp. 582-595)

Do Cartel Breakdowns Induce Mergers? Evidence from the EC Cartel Cases > K. HÜSCHELRATH and F. SMUDA (European Competition Journal, 9(2), pp. 407-429)

Economic cooperation reconsidered > SPECIAL EDITION ON CARTELS (Revue Economique, 64(6), pp. 957-1169)

On the Efficiency of Codeshare Contracts between Airlines: Is Double Marginalization Eliminated? > P.G. GAYLE (American Economic Journal: Microeconomics, 5(4), pp. 244-273)

2.2. Distribution

Prices charged in the context of selective distribution networks > S. TREARD (RJDA, No. 8-9, August-September 2013, Study and doctrine, p. 635)

Selective distribution and the Internet: recent developments in competition law > M. CHAGNY (Rev. jurispr. com. March/April 2013, No. 2, p. 147)

The validity of the non-examination clause in shopping centre lot leases > V. MARX (JCP ed. E, ns 48, Nov. 28, 2013, 1656, p. 20)

Selective distribution of Pierre Fabre: the Court of Cassation renders a ruling inoperative > C. VILMART (JCP ed. E, ns 48, Nov. 28, 2013, 1657, p. 26)

See also, Pierre Fabre: the repercussions of the "case" before the civil courts, V. Pironon (Comm., electr. com., Nov. 2013, No. 11, comm. 117)

Chronicle Distribution and competitor protection > M. MALAURIE-VIGNAL and N. MATHEY (Contracts, conc., consum. nos. 8-9, August 2013, comm. 180 to 189; Oct. 2013, comm. 206 to 214; Nov. 2013, comm. 236 to 241)

Resale Price Maintenance and Most-Favored Nation Clauses: The Future Does Not Look Bright > L. ATLEE and Y. BOTTEMAN (CPI Antitrust Chronicle, November 2013 (1))

Resale Price Maintenance - The Blurred Lines > C. RIIS-MADSEN and Ö. FIDANBOYLU (CPI Antitrust Chronicle, November 2013 (1))

How do you treat RPM? > D. BURTON and J. GODDEN (Competition Law Insight, 12 November 2013, p. 8)

RPM Under EU Competition Law: Some Considerations From a Business and Economic Perspective > A. FONT-GALARZA, F. P. MAIER-RIGAUD and P. FIGUEROA (CPI Antitrust Chronicle, November 2013 (1))

Vertical antitrust enforcement: transatlantic perspectives on restrictions of online distribution under EU and US competition laws > G. ACCARDO (European Competition Journal, August 2013, pp. 225-340)

3. Abuse of dominance

Abuse of a dominant position through the implementation of a smear strategy > I. LUC (RJDA, No. 8-9, August-September 2013, Study and doctrine, p. 638)

Complaint against Microsoft without sufficient Union interest > V. PIRONON (Comm, Elect. Com., Sept. 2013, No. 9, Comm. 92)

Toll-free notice for Google > M. CHAGNY (Comm., Elect. Com., Sept. 2013, No. 9, Comm. 91)

Competition - Article 102 TFEU ("AstraZeneca" judgment) > M. ABENHAÏM, C. BRIERE and K. NOTI (Revue du droit de l’Union européenne - RTDE, n°3-2013, p. 533)

The misuse of profit margins to infer market power > R. H. BORK and J. G. SIDAK (Journal of Competition Law and Economics, 9, 3, 511-530)

Benighted we stand: justifications of prima facie dominance abuses in EU Member States > T. VAN DER VIJVER (European Competition Journal, August 2013, pp. 465-495)

Abuse of Collective Dominance: The Need for a New Approach > R GJENDEMSJØ, E. J. HJELMENG and L. SØRGARD (World Competition, 36, n°3 (2013), pp. 355-371)

Article 102 is, according to the authors, too little used as a tool for assessing situations of collective dominance, since the specific nature of abuse in this type of situation has not been seriously considered to date. Rather than targeting exclusionary conduct, the concept of abuse should be used primarily to solve the problems of strengthening the collective dominant position.

4. Restrictive practices

A tiny lightning bolt of solidarity in the sky of the breach of distribution contracts > D. MAZEAUD (D. 14 Nov. 2013, No. 39, p. 2617)

Contractual clauses in the face of "significant imbalance": state of the case law > J.-L. FOURGOUX and L. DJAVADI (Contracts, conc., consom. n° 11, Nov. 2013, Study 14)

Significant imbalance in the rights and obligations of a distributor and its suppliers > (BRDA 21/13, Nov. 15, 2013, No. 21, p. 10)

Brutal break-up: the "privileged" nature of the commercial relationship does not aggravate either the brutality of the break-up or the damage suffered by its victim. > A.C. MARTIN (D. 1 August 2013, no. 28, p. 1943)

Abrupt termination of established relationships: the Court of Cassation sanctions the taking into account of elements subsequent to the termination of the relationship > C. VILMART (JCP ed. E, No. 37, Sept. 12, 2013, 1499, p. 40)

A professional boxer victim of a brutal break in business relations (CA Paris, 14 Feb. 2013) > F. RIZZO (Small posters, Nov. 18, 2013, No. 230, p. 4)

Intermediary in banking operations and abrupt termination of business relations > N. MATHEY (JCP éd. E, n°s 44-45, Oct. 31, 2013, 1597, p. 27)

Termination of business relations during the notice period > N. MATHEY (JCP ed. E, No. 41, Oct. 10, 2013, 1543, p. 38)

The implementation of Directive 2005/29/EC on unfair commercial practices > L. GONZALEZ VAQUE (European Union Law Review - RTDE, No. 3-2013, p. 471)

5. Concentrations

A network for merger control in the European Union? > L. IDOT (Europe, Nov. 2013, Alert 60)

The application of the European Merger Control Regulation > J.-F. BELLIS and C. NASSOGNE (EDJ, No. 201, Sept. 2013, p. 275)

Merger law chronicle > D. BOSCO (Contracts, conc., consom. n°s 8-9, August 2013, chronicle 3)

Revision of the Guidelines on Concentration Control > D. REDON and V. COURSIERE-PLUNTZ (BRDA, No. 17, Sept. 15, 2013, p. 16)

See also, New Guidelines for the Control of Concentrations, C. VILMART (JCP ed. E, No 39, 26 Sept. 2013, Echoes of Practice, 692, p. 5); Revised Merger Guidelines: Clarification of Notifiable Transactions and Financial Risk, D. REDON and S. NASSER EL DINE-POMAR (D., 7 Nov. 2013, No. 38, p. 2540); The new Merger Control Guidelines, C. VILMART and C. VILMART (Contracts, conc., consom. no. 10, Oct. 2013, Study 13)

Incentive to increase prices: should UPP/GUPPI tests only be Phase I instruments? > T. VERGE (RLC 2013/37, n° 2388, p. 9)

The contract, an instrument for securing a merger transaction > J.-C. RODA (RTD eur. July-Sept.2013, No. 3, p. 439)

An Empirical Assessment of the 2004 EU Merger Policy Reform > T. DUSO, K. GUGLER AND F. SZÜCS (Economic Journal, 123(572), pp. 596-619)

Public interest mergers > C. GRAHAM (European Competition Journal, August 2013, pp. 383-406)

Tyranny of the minority > A. BURNSIDE and M. DE BACKER (Competition Law Insight, 15 October 2013, pp. 6-7)

Maritime shipping sector and competition law - the AGCM’s CIN/Tirrenia decision > M. GREGO (European Competition Law Review, 2014, Vol. 35, Issue 1, pp. 1-7)

Demand Estimation under Incomplete Product Availability > C.T. CONLON and J.H. MORTIMER (American Economic Journal: Microeconomics, 5(4), pp. 1-30)

The First-Order Approach to Merger Analysis > S. JAFFE and E.G. WEYL (American Economic Journal: Microeconomics, 5(4), pp. 188-218)

Vertical Integration and Exclusivity in Platform and Two-Sided Markets > R.S. EEA (American Economic Review, 103(7), pp. 2960-3000)

Upward Pricing Pressure in Two-Sided Markets > P. AFFELDT, L. FILISTRUCCHI and T.J. KLEIN (Economic Journal, 123(572), pp. 505-523)

Search Costs, demand-side economies, and the incentives to merge under Bertrand Competition > J.L. MORAGA-GONZÁLEZ and V. PETRIKAITÉ (RAND Journal of Economics, 44(3), pp. 391-424)

The Deterrence Effects of US Merger Policy Instruments > J.A. CLOUGHERTY and J. SELDESLACHTS (Journal of Law, Economics, & Organization, 29(5), pp. 1114-1144)

6. State aid

The "Wind of Wrath" case, a light breeze before the storm? Commentary on the Opinion of Advocate General Jääskinen > E. DURAND (JCP éd. Administrations et collectivités territoriales, n° 48, Nov. 25, 2013, p. 234)

"Will the French mechanism of the renewable electricity purchase obligation, which has long been outside the sphere of State aid law, be able to withstand the weight of EU law? The conclusions of Advocate General Jääskinen delivered last July on the referral by the French Conseil d’État seem to indicate the opposite. The lawfulness of the French mechanism is thus suspended pending the Court’s decision, which should lead the Conseil d’État to find that the support system for wind power is unlawful in that it constitutes non-notified State aid. However, the Vent de Colère! case is only a very submerged part of the iceberg and the consequences to be expected go far beyond the only case before the Court. Let us not mince words: it is the very survival of the renewable energy sector in France that lies in wait, fearful of the threatening swing of the sword of Damocles that the very likely censorship of Union law constitutes. Its downfall will be fatal".

Very high-speed broadband and State aid: the case of Hauts-de-Seine > L. BINET (Contracts, conc., consom. no. 11, Nov. 2013, Alert 61)

The extent of the payment of sums due by the State in breach of European Union law: butter and butter’s agent in the service of the effectiveness of the law > F. GAZIN (Revue de l’Union européenne, n°571, Sept. 2013, p. 475)

Comparative analysis of schemes for the recovery of undue payments and the recovery of State aid > S. MARTIN (Revue de l’Union européenne, No. 571, Sept. 2013, p. 497)

Recovery of State aid incompatible with the common market (TA Paris, 12 July 2013, concl. A. Fort-Bernard) > A. FORT-BERNARD (JCP éd. Administrations et collectivités territoriales, n° 48, Nov. 25, 2013, p. 38)

Grand Chamber Ruling in the France Telecom Case: The concept of ’offer’ of a State aid > L. FLYNN (Journal of European Competition Law and Practice, 2013, Vol. 4, No. 5)

From de minimis and exceptional circumstances as grounds for interim relief against recovery of State aid: Hellenic republic v. Commission > F. DE CECCO (Common Market Law Review, 2013, Vol. 50, pp. 1479-1488)

Towards Decentralization of State Aid Control: The Case of Services of General Economic Interest > N. FIEDZIUK (World Competition, 36, n° 3(2013), pp. 387-408)

7. Public sector and competition

Will the typology of public procurement contracts withstand the reform of the public procurement directives? > F. LLORENS and P. SOLER-COUTEAUX (Contracts and Public Procurement, No. 10, Oct. 2013, p. 1)

The authors examine here, on the eve of the vote of the new Directives on contracts and concessions by the European Parliament scheduled for January 2014, the questions raised by these texts with regard to the existing typology of public procurement contracts in national law. Thus, concession in the sense of EU law designates a much broader category than public service delegations. Moreover, since concessions differ from contracts, particularly in that a risk is transferred to the concessionaire, although the proposal for a Directive does not provide any keys to assessing the existence of this risk, the borderline between these two types of contract will be somewhat weakened. Transposition into national law will certainly be made more complex...

The SEM Contract: a French-style institutionalized public-private partnership? > S. BRAMERET (JCP éd. Administrations et collectivités territoriales, n° 49, 2 déc. 2013, p. 11)

The author discusses the various bills submitted to the 2013 Autonomous Government both in the Senate and then in the National Assembly, which aim to introduce a public-private partnership mechanism into French law, following the opinion of the Council of State of 1 December 2009.

Public procurement in the European Union > P. NIHOUL (JDE, No. 202, Oct. 2013, p. 321)

This chronicle of the case law of the Court of Justice of the European Union in the field of public procurement is a new opportunity to return to the issues related to the in house exception.

Local public companies: an attempt to put things into perspective > K-H. VOIZARD (Revue de droit public. July-August 2013, No. 4, p. 787)

See also, Concepts of Contract and Union Law, J-B. Auby (Droit administratif, No. 12, Dec. 2013, p. 1).

Public hospital mergers: a case for broader considerations than competition law? > K. S. DESAI (European Competition Law Review, 2013, Vol. 34, Issue 12, pp. 646-653)

One year of criminal law on public procurement > F. LINDITCH (Contracts and Public Procurement, No. 10, Oct. 2013, p. 17)

8. Procedures

8.1. General

The legal nature and the litigation regime of the Competition Authority’s opinions, a contribution of recent case law > L. CALENDAR (Revue de droit public. July-August 2013, No. 4, p. 771)

This analysis of the Conseil d’État ruling handed down on 11 October 2012 in the cases of Société Casino Guichard-Perrachon (no. 357193) and Société ITM Entreprise et a. (no. 346378), discusses the possible transposition of the regulatory authorities’ "soft law" litigation regime to the opinions of the Competition Authority. In particular, the author questions the admissibility of an action for annulment brought against these opinions. This article should be read in the light of the annual study of the Council of State on "soft law" .

The consecration of soft law: insufficiency of normative rules, strengthening the quality of the law? > H. PAULIAT (JCP éd. Administrations et collectivités territoriales, No. 48, 25 Nov. 2013, p. 2)

"The 2013 report of the Council of State, devoted to "soft law", raises the question of the existence of non-mandatory instruments to guide behaviour, thus distinguishing it from normative and traditionally sanctioned law. Aware of the advantages but also of the risks, the study questions the legitimacy and effectiveness of soft law and proposes a user guide to make it a complement to laws and regulations, with a view to improving the quality of the law".

The articulation of fundamental rights protection systems in the Union - Lessons from the Åkerberg Fransson and Meloni judgments > D. RITLENG (RTD Eur. Apr-Jun/2013, No. 2, p. 267)

Global seizures in competition law: new perspectives > L. SAENKO (JCP ed. E, Nos. 31-34, 1 August 2013, 1453, p. 26)

Competition investigations: role of the lawyer and global seizure of computer files > B. RUY (JCP éd. G, No. 50, 9 Dec. 2013, 1302, p. 2270)

Searches in economic or tax matters and orders pre-drafted by the Administration > B. RUY (JCP éd. G, No. 40, Sept. 30, 2013, 1005, p. 1770)

Visits and seizures before the Criminal Chamber: Act II > M. CHAGNY (Comm, Elect. Com., Oct. 2013, No. 10, Comm. 105)

Public access to documents of the European institutions > H. MONET and R. GHERGHINARU (JDE, No. 201, Sept. 2013, p. 254)

Would in-house lawyers already have a sufficient legal basis to claim confidentiality of their legal opinions? > T. BAUDESSON (JCP éd. E, n° 38, Sept. 19, 2013, 673, p. 9)

Legal Professional Privilege in Europe: a Missed Policiy Opportunity > J. HOLTZ (Journal of European Competition Law and Practice, 2013, Vol. 4, No. 5)

Combined approach to the concepts of undertaking and imputation of the infringement > L. ARCELIN (RLDA Sept. 2013, 85, No. 4721, p. 51)

Contradictory debate and economic regulation > P. IDOUX (RJEP No. 713, Nov. 2013, p. 3)

8.2. Sanction policy - Clemency - Settlement - Undertakings - Damages actions

Implementing commitments to competition authorities that stand the test of time: the experience of EDF Group > E. THOMAS and D. CREVEL-SANDER (RJEP, n°713, 1 November 2013, p. 1)

Two EDF Group lawyers share their experience in managing commitments over time, whereas the latter are more concerned with behaviour over time rather than immediate disposals. They share with us the difficulties in ensuring strict compliance with these commitments over a long period of time - the employees concerned are notably demobilising as the years go by - and offer some advice to improve this management. They also underline the shortcomings of the procedure, at both national and European level, to ensure an effective response to the inevitable need to adapt these commitments - often negotiated in an emergency - when the company is faced with a change of circumstances, de facto or de jure, affecting the implementation of these commitments and invite the competition authorities to remedy the inviolability of the commitments.

Compliance: a tool to prevent risk and strengthen the business > J.-Y. TROCHON (JCP ed. E, Nos. 31-34, 1 August 2013, 586, p. 5)

Competition - no impact on the sanction for an error relating to the applicability of Article 101 TFEU ("Schenker and Others" judgment) > MR. ABENHAIM, C. BRIERE AND K. NOTI (European Union Law Review - RTDE, No. 3-2013, p. 527)

Action for damages resulting from infringements of competition law > P. DE LANZAC and J. HOCHART (JCP ed. G, No. 38, Sept. 16, 2013, 976, p. 1718; JCP ed. E, No. 41, Oct. 10, 2013, Echoes of Practice, 732, p. 5)

The development of private enforcement? > G. DECOCQ (Contracts, conc., consom. n°s 8-9, August 2013, Repère 8)

Towards private regulation before the Competition Authority? > M. CHAGNY (Comm, electr. com., Nov. 2013, No. 11, comm. 116)

The proposal for a Directive on damages actions for anti-competitive practices > M. CHAGNY (D., 7 Nov. 2013, n° 38, p. 2532)

See also, Du contentieux indemnitaire des pratiques anticoncurrentielles dans la double proposition de la Commission européenne : un équilibre fragile entre la protection de l’action publique et le renforcement du droit des victimes, F. MASMI-DAZI (RLC 2013/37, n° 2423, p. 78)

"Class action under Italian law: condemnation of a pharmaceutical company > F. LAFFAILLE (D. Oct. 24, 2013, No. 36, p. 2456)

A judicial representative’s view of the French class action project > M. SENECHAL (Small posters, 15 Nov. 2013, No. 229, p. 6)

European Commission fines Microsoft for non-compliance with browser choice commitments: a first timer > R. BARATTA (Journal of European Competition Law and Practice, 2013, Vol. 4, No. 5)

Bring In the Whistleblowers and Pay Them - The Next Logical Step in Advancing Antitrust Enforcement > G. SCHNELL and C. CANNON (Competition Policy International, November, 2013 (2))

Private Enforcement under EU Law: Abuse of Dominance and the Quantification of Lucrum Cessans > F. MAIER-RIGAUD and U. SCHWALBE (Competition Policy International, November, 2013 (2))

Competition law remedies: striving for coherence or finding new ways? > E. HJELMENG (Common Market Law Review, 2013, Vol. 50, pp. 1007-1038)

Commission acting as plaintiff in cases of private enforcement of EU competition law: Otis > M. BOTTA (Common Market Law Review, 2013, Vol. 50, pp. 1105-1118)

9. Regulations

Utilities and regulation: the example of regulated natural gas sales rates > M. BAZEX (Administrative Law, No. 11, Nov. 2013, p. 42)

The author goes back to Opinion No. 13-A-09 issued by the Competition Authority on 25 March 2013 on the draft decree on regulated tariffs for the sale of natural gas, in which the latter questions their compatibility with the opening of the natural gas supply market to competition. Does the principle laid down by the law of covering costs through these tariffs make it possible to reconcile the requirements of competition with other imperatives, particularly those of general interest? The author seems to think so.

Towards new rules for payment services > L. IDOT (Europe, August-September 2013, Focus 43, p. 3)

Energy savings before the Constitutional Council > S. NICINSKI (RJEP, No. 713, Nov. 2013, p. 20)

Once is not customary, the Constitutional Council refers the matter to the Court of Justice. > C. GESLOT (Revue de l’Union européenne, n°572, oct.-nov., p. 537)

See also, First reference for a preliminary ruling from the Constitutional Council to the Court of Justice of the European Union: an innovation with uncertain implications (concerning the Constitutional Council’s "European arrest warrant" decision of 4 April 2013), L. COUTRON and P-Y. GAHDOUN (Revue du droit public, sept-oct. 2013, n° 5, p. 1207; Le paradoxe apparent d’une question prioritaire de constitutionnalité instrument de l’avènement des rapports de systèmes, B. BONNET (Revue du droit public, sept-oct. 2013, n° 5, p. 1229)

European legal framework on distributed energy systems in the built environment > S. PRONT-VON BOMMEL and A. BREGMAN (European Energy and Environmental Law Review, Oct. 2013, p. 168)

The new status of gas-intensive consumers > M. GUENAIRE and P-A. LIENHARDT (Europ énergies, n° 138, Nov. 2013, p. 11)

Energy consumption savings before the Constitutional Council: the Constitutional Council censors the bonus-malus system and validates the erasure > S. NICINSKI (RJEP, No. 713, Nov. 2013, p. 20)

The public and private forms of the state. Modelling test in the light of European competition law: under the effect of European competition law, one can conceive of the emergence of a public form of the operator State, and a private form of the regulatory State. > E. DUBOUT (Administrative Law, No. 12, Dec. 2013, p. 10)

Internal market and financial services (new EU rules on payment services) > P. MATTERA (European Union Law Review - RTDE, No. 3-2013, p. 505)

Chronicle of the Regulatory Authorities Jurisprudence Workshop > Q. JULIA, N. FORT, J. CATTAN and A. BELLOTTI (Administrative Law, no. 11, Nov. 2013, p. 16)

10. International policy

Competition Policy Chronicle > N. JALABERT-DOURY, J. FOURQUET, A. TERCINET and J.-M. BLUTEL (RDAI/IBLJ, 4/2013, p. 367) This column is devoted to the analysis of international competition law news. As usual, it covers the latest developments in Community competition law, but also in national laws, not forgetting international developments in the field.

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Alain Ronzano, Bastien Thomas, Emmanuel Frot, Mathilde Brabant, Christelle Adjémian, Competition journals : Oct. - Dec. 2013, February 2014, Concurrences N° 1-2014, Art. N° 62225, pp. 266-271

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