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Public competition law brings together the legal rules governing the influence of the administration on competition, and more particularly on anti-competitive practices. After an emergence phase in the mid-1990s, followed by a phase of expansion to all the activities of the administration, this new and rapidly growing discipline is now reaching a certain maturity. To what extent is the impact of private and EU competition law on classical public law and the emergence of a fully autonomous public competition law transforming public law?
The role of the normative authority in relation to competition and the place of the public operator in the market justify questioning the anti-competitive practices in which the administration is (or could be) involved. Secondly, the competence of the administrative judge to judge such practices gives rise to a public competition dispute. Finally, these elements contribute to the formation of a full-fledged legal discipline in full development, likely to be of interest to economic operators as well as to legal practitioners, teachers and their students.