LAW AND ECONOMY : EXCHANGE OF INFORMATION - COMPETITIVE HARM - CONSUMER HARM - MISCONCEPTIONS

Exchanges of information and other coordinated conducts: The need for theory of harm

We argue that a rigorous assessment of coordinated conduct must be based on a clear and coherent theory of competitive harm. Crucially, this holds for the assessment of the object as well as for the analysis of the effects of the alleged infringement. At a minimum, this theory needs to show how the conduct in question can plausibly result in probable consumer harm in the specific economic and factual context of the case. Where this analysis is missing, serious mistakes can be made in the assessment of the existence or the scope of the infringement. This conclusion holds for the analysis of information exchanges as well as of other types of coordinated behaviour. We discuss the key elements of such theories of harm and correct some common misconceptions.

1. Afin de déterminer si le comportement d'une entreprise restreint la concurrence, il est indispensable de présenter une théorie claire et cohérente qui explique comment les faits reprochés peuvent porter préjudice aux consommateurs. En outre, cette théorie d'atteinte à la concurrence (“theory of competitive harm”) doit être vérifiée en la confrontant aux faits et aux caractéristiques économiques spécifiques du marché en question. Ce principe est bien établi dans le domaine du contrôle des concentrations ainsi que, en bonne partie, dans l'analyse des abus de position dominante. 2. Cependant, dans la pratique de la Commission européenne et de plusieurs autorités de concurrence nationales, l'analyse des ententes semble échapper à ce principe. En fait, les autorités ont souvent tendance à considérer tout

Access to this article is restricted to subscribers

Already Subscribed? Sign-in

Access to this article is restricted to subscribers.

Read one article for free

Sign-up to read this article for free and discover our services.

 

PDF Version

Author

Quotation

Francesco Rosati, Exchanges of information and other coordinated conducts: The need for theory of harm, December 2008, Concurrences Review N° 4-2008, Art. N° 22145, pp. 27-30

Visites 7098

All reviews