Glossary of competition terms

This Glossary matches the list of keywords used by Concurrences search engine. Each keyword is automatically updated by the most recent EU and national case laws from the e-Competitions Bulletin and Concurrences Review. The definitions are excerpt from from DG COMP’s Glossary of terms used in EU competition policy (© European Union, 2002) and the OECD’s Glossary of industrial organisation economics and competition law (© OECD, 1993).


ESA stands for EFTA Surveillance Authority. The Authority was established under an agreement between the EFTA states, which contains basic provisions on the Authority’s organisation and lays down its tasks and competencies. The task of the ESA is to ensure, together with the European Commission, the fulfilment of the see definition for obligations set out in the see definition for EEA Agreement. The Authority has far-reaching competencies in the fields of competition and state aid. © European Commission